Diego Martinez de Hurdaide to virrey.

Serial Number
040-00081
Title
Diego Martinez de Hurdaide to virrey.
Author(s)
Martinez de Hurdaide, Diego
Date
05-04-1622
Documentation
Rio de Mayo. May 4, 1622. Letter. Signed. Transcription.
Summary
Mentions triumphant visit to Yaqui, Nebome pueblos. Describes Nebomes as most docile nation province. Mentions visit Opata chief Sisibotari, who pledged obedience, requested baptism for himself, his people, described as very docile. Notes presence Aiguines (Aibinos) 4-5 leagues from Sisibotari pueblos who also request conversion, are enemies Nebomes. States Nures, well disposed to christianity, and to Hurdaide in past, should be reduced as well. Describes Nure aid war materials, livestock, clothing to rebellious Tepehuanes, unrest caused by perverse tlatoles among Nures, also Yaquis, Mayos, by Cacique Coyovera. Describes expedition to Tepahues, numbering 1300, to seize Outlaw Tehuecos hiding there. Reduced Tepahues from mountain fortresses to Rio Mayo settlements, but states 2 priests can't minister to all 17,040 people there and need help (evidently C. 15,740 Mayos). Also reducing Conicaris, other cahita mountain tribe, but not enough land along Rio Mayo all 1,000 members. Requests more missionaries. Notes news alliance between Tepehuanes, Guazapares (warihio group). States 3 guazapare chiefs came to him, giving him mare (yegua), symbol of alliance, saying they could not come earlier because of war with Chinipas. Notes rumors Mineral wealth guazapare range. Preparing expedition Montesclaros against 300 rebel Yoes (Zoes) who refuse to accept pardon, causing trouble neborm-Nure area. Notes trouble (4th Yaqui pueblo caused by tlatole Yeyequi, advocating same principles as Tepehuanes (referring to 1616 Tepehuan revolt). Discusses necessity constructing casas fuertes (strongholds) Rio Mayo, Yaqui, Aybino. Nebome area before rains fall. Describes own dire personal poverty. (T. Sheridan) (1976)
Persons
Martinez de Hurdaide, Cristobal
Perez de Rivas, Andres (Padre)
Sisibotari (Opata Chief)
Avila (Capitan)
Coyovera (Nure Chief)
Villalta, Cristobal de (Padre)
Yeyequi (Yaqui Chief)
Basilio, Tomas (Padre)
Martinez de Hurdaide, Diego.
Places
Yaqui (Rio)
Mayo (Rio)
Nebome (Rio)
Nure
Ethnic Groups
Yaquis
Nevomes (Nebomes-Pimas Bajas)
Aiguines
Nures
Tepeguanes
Tepaques
Tehuecos
Conicaris
Guazapares
Chinipas
Yoes
Ayvines (Aybinos)
First Location
CU-BANC. C-B 840 (Bolton Col.) no. 0258 pp. 0085-0090 Transcpt
Original Location
AGN, Mexico, Historia, Leg. 0316
Language
Spanish
Notes
Excellent document
Batch Reference Number
1828
Rights
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