Diego Martinez de Hurdaide to virrey (?) Letter on geography and conditions in Sinaloa .

Serial Number
040-00082
Title
Diego Martinez de Hurdaide to virrey (?) Letter on geography and conditions in Sinaloa .
Author(s)
Martinez de Hurdaide, Diego
Date
05-25-1622
Documentation
Montesclaros. May 25, 1622. Letter. Signed. Transcription.
Summary
Hurdaide describes early attempts to colonize Sinaloa. Discusses his own conquest more than 100 leagues, 5 major rivers, 185,000 Indians. Notes that according to Cabeza de Vaca, 200 leagues between Sinaloa, Florida filled with (docile people well-disposed to receive the holy faith. Also states probably a land route from Sinaloa to California, although easier to go by boat (evidence not everyone thought California an Island). Mentions Indian unrest caused by Tlatoles from Tepehuan area. Asks for 30 Spanish settlers, no mulatos, mestizos or known rebels. Requests more soldiers, newcomers, not Spaniards already settled in Sinaloa. Asks that his Brother Martin Sanchez de Hurdaide be appointed protector of Indians. Describes importance Montesclaros presidio, construction 4 casas fuertes Yaqui, Mayo, Nebome areas. Mentions discovery Chinipa mines. In general, Hurdaide's apologetica 40 year career which has left him 40,000 pesos in debt. Indians he's fought called most bellicose New Spain. (T. Sheridan) (1976)
Persons
Montoya, Pedro de
Bacan, Hernando (Gobernador)
Martin, Gonsalo (Capitan)
Tapia, Gonsalode (Padre)
Iturbe, Juan de (Capitan)
Mendes, Pedro (Padre)
Urdinola, Francisco de (Gobernador)
Sanchez Hurdaide, Martin
Perez Valdes, Diego
Ibarra, Francisco de
Martinez de Hurdaide, Diego
Places
San Felipe (Villa)
Petatlan (Rio)
Sinaloa (Rio)
Montesclaros
Chinipa
Mayo (Maio) (Rio)
Yaqui (Rio)
Nebomes (Rio)
Ethnic Groups
Tepeguanes
Nebomes
First Location
CU-BANC. C-B 840 (Bolton Col.) no. 0258 pp. 0001-0014 Transcpt
Original Location
AGN, Mexico, Historia, Leg. 0316
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
1823
Rights
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General Subjects