Padre Martin de Azxilqueta to padre Ignacio de Cabala puntos de annua de 1630
Azxilqueta, Martin de (Fray)
Cinaloa (Sinaloa). 1630. Signed. Transcript.
Description travails establishing mission Batuca Valley, including Indians' reluctance to accept christianity, refusal to provide priests with food, presence apostates, arrival hostile Indians from other areas, especially Baviacora, Sonora. To prove manhood questioned by Indians, azxilgueta arms himself with arcobus, machete, Marches into village, calls everyone women, declares he will defend them from enemies. After winning Indians' admiration, describes their language, cleanliness, dress, agriculture in glowing terms. Notes presence irrigation. Claims land will produce wheat, wine. Mentions Franciscan, Agustinian competition, Franciscan desire to secure best missions to north and leave Jesuits with hunger, heat and thorns of Sinaloa. Describes distance between sea, Villa de San Juan (New Mexico) as 200 leagues, populated by infinite people, enemies of everyone. Notes presence leather jackets, which people say come from unknown land interior. Concludes there are cows (possibly buffalo) there. Conflict among religious orders. Geographical, ethnological notions. Missionary techniques. (T. Sheridan) (1976)
Cardenas, Lorenzo de (Padre)
Azxilqueta, Martin de (Padre)
Cabala, Ignacio de (Padre)
San Juan (New Mexico)
CU-BANC. C-B 840 (Bolton Col.) no. 0262 pp. 0008-0014 Transcpt
AGN, Mexico, Misiones, Leg. 0025
Batch Reference Number
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