Letters between Pineda and Croix about Indian raids.

Serial Number
041-01179
Title
Letters between Pineda and Croix about Indian raids.
Author(s)
Pineda, Juan de (Gobernador)
Croix, Carlos Francisco (Viceroy)
Date
09-19-1766
Date
00-00-1767
Documentation
Horcasitas. September 19, 1766. 140p. Letter. Informe. Auto. Original. Signed.
Summary
Documents deal with Indian attacks on presidios. Letter from Croix to Pineda outlining number of soldiers required from Mexico; requesting information on number of soldiers at presidios and number of friendly Indians who will participate against enemy Indians. Pineda informs Croix that Indians attacked oimurhi, took 50 horses, and in Cocoraqui took a woman; also informs that Salgado has spoken to some Indians about not joining unrestful ones; also mentions that previous letter was lost in Tequila. Croix orders Pineda to assign new captain to Terrenate, and discusses soldiers salaries. Pineda informs Croix that some Indians came to Belen requesting release of relatives, but refuses as this is only way of controlling them. Croix tells Pineda to be aware of small number of soldiers protecting fronteras. Pineda discusses necessity to form emergency companias volantes and money to finance it. 200 Seris and Pimas attacked Caborca, took horses, one child; soldiers from Altar unable to capture them. Pineda informs Croix of Indian raids near San Antonio and San Miguel, and creation of one compania provincial of 50 soldiers in San Joseph; Ansa, with 65 soldiers, attacked 400 Seris and Pimas in la Nopalera, recovered 77 horses and suffered no casualties. Croix laments human losses in Sonora, urges Pineda to pacify region. Pineda informs Croix of topographic characteristics of Cerro Prieto, and how lack of water often limits his campaigns against enemy Indians. (J. Tapia, June, 1987).
Persons
Galvez, Joseph (Intendente)
Croix, Carlos Francisco de (Virrey)
Pineda, Juan de (Gobernador)
Billalva, Juan de
Salgado, Juan Lorenzo
Vildosola, Gabriel de (Capitan)
Cancio, Lorenzo (Capitan)
Ansa, Juan de (Capitan)
Bergosa, Juan Jose (Teniente)
Gonzales, Francisco Elias (Capitan)
Tienda de Cuervo, Joseph
Urrea, Bernardo (Capitan)
Heira, Rodrigo
Mollinedo, Carlos
Ascarraga, Sebastian
Bringas, Pedro
Places
Huertas, San Antonio de las
Matanchel (Puerto)
Altar (Presidio)
Horcasitas, San Miguel de (Presidio)
Caborca (Pueblo)
Bisani (Pueblo)
Acapulco (Puerto)
Guatehemala
Hiaqui (Rio)
Guadalaxara (Ciudad)
Tequila (Pueblo)
Oihmuri(?)
Bacun (Pueblo)
Cocoraqui (Rancho)
Pimas, San Joseph de
Terrenate (Presidio)
Cedros (Hacienda)
Suaqui (Pueblo)
Ures
Rosario
Pitic (Pueblo)
Tubac (Presidio)
Nopalera (Cajon)
HOstimuri (Provincia)
Loreto (Cajon)
Carapintada (Canada)
Los Otates (Canada)
Abispas, Rincon de (Canada)
Marcos, Rincon de (Canada)
Cinaloa (Villa)
Cerro Prieto
Belen (Pueblo)
Bayoreca
Ethnic Groups
Seris
Pimas
Apaches
Suaquis
Military Groups
Compania de Milicias Provicionales y Volantes
Regimiento de America
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 047 ff. 081-152
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 047 ff. 081-152
Language
Spanish
Notes
Pages missing, out of order, and pages on top of pages see also serial 040-00678, 040-00698, 040-00681
Reference Number
4700004
Rights
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General Subjects