Letters from Pineda to Croix concerning Indian raids, and needs of soldiers.

Serial Number
041-01188
Title
Letters from Pineda to Croix concerning Indian raids, and needs of soldiers.
Author(s)
Pineda, Juan de (Gobernador)
Date
05-26-1768
Date
10-17-1768
Documentation
Horcasitas. May 26, 1768. 86p. Letter. Original. Signed.
Summary
Pineda informs Croix of various Indian attacks. Apaches killed Pimas near Sonoita, and Pimas have been encouraged to seek revenge. Seris take horses from Tubutama. Apaches kill 1 man in Fronteras, take cattle and horses from cucheta and Cuquiarachi. Elizondo, Urrea, and Cancio kill 3 female Indians and some children, and recover horses. Letter of June 17, Pineda informs that according to female prisioner, Seris, Sibubapas, and Pimas met in Cerro Prieto to discuss arrival of soldiers in Guaymas. They wanted to return to towns and be pardoned, but they were advised no pardon will be given due to many crimes committed. They decided to steal cattle and horses, and wait for soldiers in Cerro Prieto. Apaches kill 4 people and 2 horses from Santa Ana. Apaches attack Opodepe, Fronteras, Terrenate and Saracachi killing several people. Anza raids Apache rancherias near Tubac, releasing Spaniard captive who stated 700 Indians were in Cerro Prieto waiting for soldiers. Pineda transfers most of troop from Guaymas to Pitic for its better location to combat Indians. Urrea attacks Seri Rancheria killing 18, capturing 16. Apaches take cattle and horses from Oposura, Cumuripa, Cucurpe, Tuape. 200 Apaches raid Terrenate killing 1 soldier and taking all horses. Sibubapas kill people in Tecoripa, Trinidad, Llano Colorado. Apaches take horses and kill soldiers from Xavier del Bac. June 18 Pineda informs soldiers that viceroy ordered soldiers salaries paid in money, but that situados devengado must be payed first. (J. Tapia, July, 1987).
Persons
Pineda, Juan de (Gobernador)
Galvez, Joseph de (Intendente)
Elizondo, Domingo (Coronel)
Croix, Carlos Francisco de (Virrey)
Conejo, Juan (Indio)
Cancio, Lorenzo (Capitan)
Fersen, Francisco (Ingeniero)
Anza, Juan Baptista de (Capitan)
Bergosa, Juan (Capitan)
Bringas, Pedro
Lumbreras, Juan (Teniente)
Places
California (Peninsula)
Tonichi (Pueblo)
Sonoita (Pueblo)
Fronteras
Malpais (Sierra)
Cuchuta (Pueblo)
Cuquiarachi (Pueblo)
Guaymas
Baquachi (Paraje)
Pitic (Pueblo)
Zerro Prieto
Caborca (Pueblo)
Visani (Pueblo)
Pico (Carrizal)
Rio Grande
Potan (Pueblo)
Hiaqui (Rio)
Mayo (Rio)
Fuerte (Rio)
Sinaloa (Rio)
Santa Ana
Opodepe (Pueblo)
Saracachi
Rio Chico
Belen (Pueblo)
Suaqui (Pueblo)
Pimas, San Joseph de
Terrenate
Buenavista (Presidio)
Tubac (Presidio)
Cumuripa
Tiburon (Isla)
Combenencia (Cerro)
Tenuaxe (Bosque)
Oposura
Cucurpe
Tuape
San Antonio
Tecoripa (Pueblo)
Trinidad
Rebeyco (Puesto)
Colorado (Llano)
Tubutama
Altar
Zebadilla (Puerto(?))
Santa Maria (Mision)
Ostimuri
Bac, San Xavier del (Mision)
Ethnic Groups
Apaches
Pimas
Sibubapas
Seris
Suaquis
Military Groups
Compania Volante
Compania de Fusileros
El Piquete de America
Compania de Voluntarios
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 047 ff. 395-439
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 047 ff. 395-439
Language
Spanish
Notes
Water stained, out of order, blank pages. Continuation of ff. 350-394.
Reference Number
4700013
Rights
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General Subjects