Testimonial report assembled by governor of Durango on vagrant and idle Indians of Nueva Vizcaya and Sonora

Serial Number
041-01666
Title
Testimonial report assembled by governor of Durango on vagrant and idle Indians of Nueva Vizcaya and Sonora
Author(s)
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo
Neve, Phelipe (Comandante General)
Galvez, Jose
and others
Date
10-31-1746
Date
10-13-1789
Documentation
Arizpe, Prado, Durango, Mexico, Chihuahua. October 1, 1746, - October 13, 1789. 54p. Letter, informe. Copy
Summary
Report made up of group of letters concerning vagrancy problems on northern frontier; includes notes on Indian attacks; need for Indian labor in mines and haciendas; payment to Indians in Inferior goods; use of Penal labor; reluctance of some Indians to work as day-laborers; visit of Galvez; legal actions of Galvez, Corbalan and others on pay; Croix's inspection; raids on various settlements; types of labor involving Indians (charcoal making; cultivation; Adobe making; mine drain construction; firewood and lumber cutting; livestock tending; Mule train servants; ore processing; and various mechanical arts); dangerous alliance of local Indians with Apaches; economic crisis that results from lack of sufficient Indian labor; problem of local Indian community demands on labor force; limited value of Indians in mines; seasonality of Indian labor demands; role of mulatos in mines; fugitive Yaquis in mining towns; ff. 348-355 includes copy of points 5-10 of Neve's general report of 1783; he finds explanation of rise in banditry in unfair use of forced Indian labor; he sets limitations on coroporal punishment in mission settlements (for example - six lashes for missing mass); he considers other matters involving civil justice; notes many of bandit's crimes falsely attributed to Apaches; use of presidio labor in new presidio constructions; ff 357-361 - Ugarte grants various rights to Indians of Pueblo of Santa Maria (4 December, 1787); this includes coverage of forced labor; payment in goods and cash; reviews earlier Indian labor policy; describes poverty and hunger of Indian day laborers; lack of spiritual guidance; locations of labor; character of culture change; importance of cheap Indian labor to economy, and failure of administrators to solve problems of Indian abuse become clear in this report. (J. Williams, may 1987)
Persons
Merino, Manuel
Galvez, Conde de
Barri, Phelipe (Gobernador)
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo
Fernandez Cordova
Sonora (Marques)
Arochi (Licenciado)
Corbalan, Pedro (Yntendente de Exercito)
Diaz, Domingo
Garcia de Herrera, Ygnacio (Capitan, Ayudante Mayor, Corregidor)
Zavalla, Juan Antonio (Capitan)
Greipo de Llanos
Duro, Francisco
Garcia Valdes, Francisco Yrine (Bachiller)(Presbriero Dueno)
Mala Orejas, Joseph (Sirvente)
Diaz de Ortega, Phelipe
Roche, Luis (Alcalde Mayor)
Rodriguez, Manuel (Alcalde Mayor)
Neve, Phelipe (Comandante General)
Croix, Teodoro
Galvez, Joseph
Sandoval, Joseph
Huemes Orcasitas, Francisco (Virrey)
Cruillas, Marques de (Virrey)
Aguero, Joseph Carlos (Secretario de Gobierno de Guerra)
Mendoza, Matheo Antonio
Fernandez Zea, Gregorio
Arespacochaga, Juan Joseph
Bonilla, Antonio
Garcia Villegas, Manuel
Illares de Val, Francisco Antonio
Rubio, Jaquin
Puerta, Juan Francisco
Pamplona, Pedro Thomas (Bachiller, Cura)
Valenzuela
Places
Cuevas, Santa Maria (Pueblo)
Cerro Prieto
Temaychic
Basuchilis
Tamasula
Cianori
Arizpe
Guadalajara
San Buenaventura
Batolipas
Papigochic
Matachic
Carichic (Mision)
Baquiachic (Mision)
Sisoguichic (Mision)
Olivos, Cienega de los
San Tamaron
San Lorenzo (Pueblo)
San Borja (Mision)
Mezquital, San Francisco
San Bartholome (Valle)
Parral, San Josef
Mapimi, Santiago (Real)
Olivos (Cienega)
Basis (Real)
Cianori
Canelas
Cosiguriachic, Santa Rosa
Merced del Oro (Real)
Sonora
Texas
Coahuila
Nueva Vizcaya
Durango
Papasquiaro, Santiago
Topago (Real)
Alamos (Real)
Sinaloa
San Andres
Chiguagua
Francisco Duro (Hacienda)
Carmen, Nuestro Senora del (Hacienda)
Encinillas (Hacienda)
San Antonio (Rancho)
Santa Eulalia (Real)
Chihuahua (Villa)
Navacoyan (Labor)
San Salvador (Hacienda)
Corral de Piedra (Hacienda)
Cienega, San Joseph
Zarca (Hacienda)
San Ygnacio (Alcaldia)
Banajas (Sierras)
Sierra Madre
Cianori
San Juan (Rio)
Santa Barbara
San Salvador
Prado
Ethnic Groups
Apaches
Mexicanos
Taraumares
Mulatos
Hiaquis
Camarcanos
Libres
Negros
Zambigos
Mestizos Queretaro
Military Groups
Dragones Provinciales del Principe
Queretaro, Provincial Cavalleria de Dragones Provinciales del Principe
Provincial Cavalleria de
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 069 ff. 328-381
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 069 ff. 328-381
Language
Spanish
Notes
Many documents included are certified copies of 4 December 1787 by manuel medino, ff. 328, 380, 381 title pages, some ff. Illegible, roll 1 ends on ff 338, roll 2 preceeds it on this reel, and is both upside down and backwards.
Reference Number
6900020
Rights
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