Letters between Galvez, Ugalde, and Ugarte concerning military campaigns against Cohahuila's Indians.

Serial Number
041-02966
Title
Letters between Galvez, Ugalde, and Ugarte concerning military campaigns against Cohahuila's Indians.
Author(s)
Galvez, Conde de (Virrey)
Ugalde, Juan de (Coronel)
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo (Comandante General)
and others
Date
00-00-1777
Date
10-10-1787
Documentation
Patos. October 11, 1786. 148p. Letters. Original. Signed. Copies.
Summary
Series of documents dealing with Ugalde's military campaigns against Mescaleros, Comanches, Lipanes, and Lipiyanes in Coahuila. Discussion of Ugalde's arrival to Coahuila and his survey of the area in preparation for his campaign; he is informed of combats with Comanches, and there is a good description of the military tactics employed by the Indians; there is also reference to trade between soldiers and Comanches after battle. Ugalde sends detailed diary of his campaigns to viceroy. Lists number of soldiers employed, as well as the number and types of weapons used in the expedition; clothing of Indian auxiliaries are described, as well as amount and type of food required by soldiers and Indian auxiliaries; there is good discussion of the mass given before departure of troops, as well as the use of an effigy of the virgin of Guadalupe in order to receive divine assistance. Ugalde also informs of problems associated with lack of water and death of many horses. He gives a good description of the area referring to the many rivers, lakes, aguajes, and mountains encountered in his path. Includes summary of all Indians that were killed, injured, and taken captives, and of all tribes that sought peace. He complains many Mescaleros fled to presidio del norte where they were given refuge, and that this diminishes to some extent, all the gains made in the campaign. In other letters the viceroy approves of Ugalde's actions and requests more cooperation between Ugarte and Ugalde. (J. Tapia, October, 1987)
Persons
Ugalde, Juan (Coronel)
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo (Comandante General)
Rengel, Joseph (Comandante Inspector)
Galvez, Conde de (Virrey)
Menchaca, Jose (Teniente)
Fueros, Pedro (Gobernador)
Fierro, Camisa de (Caudillo Comanche)
Nunez de Haro y Peralta, Alonso (Virrey)
Croix, Cavallero de (Comandante)
Montero, Jose (Capitan Retirado)
Cortes, Juan (Teniente)
Diaz de Bustamante, Ramon (Teniente)
Ramon, Juan Ignacio (Teniente)
Pugas, Antonio (Teniente)
Castro, Joaquin de (Sub-Teniente)
Moral, Jose Miguel (Sub-Teniente)
Uro, Alexandro (Sub- Teniente)
Pattule (Capitan Indio)
Urrutia, Pedro de (Teniente)
Lozano, Andres (Padre)
Jus-Datesye (Capitan Cende)
Bautista, Juan Elquezabal (Comandante)
Munarriz, Antonio (Capitan)
Munoz, Manuel (Teniente Coronel)
Picagrande (Indio)
Quemado (Mescalero)
Alonso (Mescalero)
Ravago, Jose de
Places
Patos (Hacienda)
Coahuila
Santa Rosa (Presidio)
Saltillo
San Fernando (Villa)
Agua Verde (Presidio)
Arenales
Monclova
Rio Grande
Bavia
San Antonio (Rio)
Fierro (Rio)
Bexar, San Antonio de
Texas
Puerco (Rio)
Pisota (Paraje)
Leon, Nuevo Reyno de
Nuevo Santander
Savana Grande
Zedros
Norte (Presidio)
Grunidora
Saboya
Piamonte
Ytalia
Francia
Genova
Africa
Portugal
Parras (Laguna)
Guadalaxara
Laredo
Monterrey
Alamo
Anaelo
Alameda (Aguaje)
Zacate Enxalma (Aguaje)
Carrizalero (Aguaje)
Capuli (Aguaje)
La Aura (Aguaje)
San Mathias (Aguaje)
las Monas (Aguaje)
Santa Ana (Canon)
Sardinas (Hacienda)
Bibiendas Altas (Aguajes)
Colorado (Cerro)
Cuatro Cienegas (Hacienda)
San Antonio Ocatita la Grande
Chizos (Paso)
San Vicente (Presidio Abandonado)
San Carlos (Presidio)
Mobano (Sierra)
Guadalupe (Sierra)
Picota (Paraje)
San Pedro (Rio)
Carmen (Sierra)
Rosas (Potrero)
Santo Domingo (Potrero)
Calavernas (Valle)
Santa Catalina
Soledad
Remedios (Aguaje)
Baxan (Aguaje)
Sovaco (Aguaje)
Santiago (Cerro)
Tagualilo (Cerro)
Guajoquilla (Laguna)
Barelas, San Jose de los (Ramada)
Sal Si Puedes (Ramada)
Moxada (Sierra)
Altares (Paraje)
Concepcion (Aguaje)
Osamenta (Aguaje)
Tarayes (Aguaje)
Leche (Laguna)
El Viento (Tinaja)
Santa Barbara (Aguaje)
Socorro (Aguaje)
Santa Maria (Aguaje)
Dolores (Aguaje)
San Lorenzo (Hacienda)
Aguacaliente
Garnica (Cienega)
Florido (Rio)
Pendencia (Aguaje)
San Jacinto (Cienega)
Janos (Presidio)
San Sava
Californias (Golfo)
Milpitas (Arroyo)
Guadalupe (Potrero)
Pena Blanca (Aguaje)
Arroyo Largo (Aguaje)
Burro (Aguaje)
Escondida (Aguaje)
San Jose (Aguaje)
Molato (Aguaje)
Savinas (Rio)
Las Rositas
Morteritos (Paraje)
Pino (Sierra)
Mapimi, Bolson de
Corterias
Mula
Mazapil
Cerrogordo
Zacatecas
Altares (Aguaje)
Magdalena
Ethnic Groups
Mescaleros
Lipiyanes
Lipanes
Apaches
Comanches
Cendes
Gilenos
Military Groups
Coahuila, Tropa de
Saltillo, Compania Volante de
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 112 ff. 367-442
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 112 ff. 367-442
Language
Spanish
Notes
Duplication; ff. 0368-0381 are copies of original letters that follow; ff. 0390-0492 letters without copies.
Reference Number
11200012
Rights
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General Subjects