Letters between Rengel, Flores and Ugarte y Loyola concerning Indian hostilities, details of general campaign in 1787-1788.

Serial Number
041-03246
Title
Letters between Rengel, Flores and Ugarte y Loyola concerning Indian hostilities, details of general campaign in 1787-1788.
Author(s)
Rengel, Joseph Antonio (Comandante Inspector)
Flores, Manuel Antonio (Virrey)
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo (Comandante General Intendente)
Date
09-04-1787
Date
07-27-1788
Documentation
Paso del norte, Arispe. September 4, 1787 - July 27, 1788. 96p. Letters, tables. Originals, signed, copies. not been inspected for 21 years, 2) to determine cumanche- navajo-Spanish relations, and 3) to familiarize himself with the terrain prior to launching a military campaign. Reports to Ugarte y Loyola that all New Mexico troops are mobilized for action. Includes detailed diary of consequent campaign around Santa Fe in October 1787. Santa Fe campaign military force composed of presidial troops and cumanche and Apache xicarilla auxiliaries. Details include distance traveled, reports of scouting activities, geographical and weather details, and tabular breakdown of force into four divisions, listing commander, station, and force size. Rengel blames slowness of March on insubordination and unruliness of indian auxiliaries; virrey responds, suggesting exclusion of auxiliaries from main campaigns. Includes description of landmarks along route, information on jacales settlement patterns, high accuracy of niera's (?) Map, construction of bridge to cross Colorado river, battle tactics of reconnaissance and night attack, and peacefulness of cumanches. More specific campaign details are recorded in a division by division report. Virrey flores responds, encouraging more action and less writing. Ugarte y Loyola also reports events of Cordero's and bergara's troops in Nueva Vizcaya campaign (October 1787-mar 1788). Table illustrates organization of force into four divisions, showing locations and force size for each division. Each division presents account of indian hostilities and a report of military actions taken. Indian hostilities include general theft (horses, cattle, mules, burros, and oxen), murders, assaults on mule trains, corpse stripping, kidnappings, abductions, and massacre of mescales. Reports falseness of Apache and mescalero peace proposals, how indians bribe vecinos to spy on military cavalry movements and report these maneuvers to indians, indian custom of collecting ears of killed enemies, and indian ambush of officials attempting to track indians in mountains. Includes summary tables of indian hostilities and military combat statistics by indian group, province, and division. Provinces included are Sonora, Nueva Vizcaya, New Mexico, Coahuila, Texas in 1787. explains meaning of term gileno as one type of chiricagui. Gileno is also an umbrella term for mimbrenos and Apaches in western part of Nueva Vizcaya. Gilenos cited as worst enemies, feared by Spanish and indians alike. Progress toward indian pacification is reported. Describes how mescalero nation was ordered by capitancillos to move to Santa Rosa. With mescalero peace in Nueva Vizcaya established, emphasis on pacification shifts to Coahuila. Military maneuvers described. Spanish use both indians and Spanish for reconnaissance activities. Detailed description of bergara's, Cordero's and others' forces milpa destruction (corn, tobacco, frijoles, calabasa), rancheria assaults, killing of Apache guide by Volunteers. Limited success in tracking and animal recovery blamed on snow, tired horses. Virrey flores praises bergara's zeal. (S. Gibbs, February 1988)
Persons
Rengel, Joseph Antonio (Comandante Inspector)
Flores, Manuel Antonio (Virrey)
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo (Comandante General Intendente)
Borica, Diego de (Comandante)
Diaz, Domingo (Capitan)
Mares, Francisco (Teniente Coronel)
Martinez, Francisco (Coronel)
Martinez, Francisco (Teniente Coronel)
Equeracapa (General)
Delegado, Manuel (Comandante)(Capitan Graduado)
Aramburu, Blas de (Segundo Teniente)
Guerrero, Antonio (Alferez Segundo)
Niera (?), Bernardo de
Anza, Juan Bautista de (Coronel)
Arce, Juan Antonio de (Capitan)
Alegre (Capitancillo Mescalero)
Asquiesiya (Capitancillo)
Aribechi
Anchondo, Aniseto (Vecino)
Aysose (Capitan Chiricagui)
Bencomo, Jose (Teniente de Milicias)
Bergara, Domingo (Capitan)
Vergara, Domingo (Alferez)
Barrios, Francisco
Bohorquez, Francisco (Alferez)
Bergara, Domingo (Comandante Interino)
Brena, Manuel Francisco de la (Capitan)
Borundo, Pantaleon (Vecino)
Batueca (Sierra)
Concha, Fernando de la (Gobernador)
Cordero, Antonio (Capitan)
Crespo, Francisco (Inspector)
Carrasco, Jose Manuel (Teniente)
Juan (Indio Chirigagui)
Cuno (?), Verde (Capitancillo)
Carlos (General Navajo)
Cabello, Domingo (Gobernador)
Elguerabal, Juan Bautista (Capitan)
Espinosa, Andres de (Alferez)
Espiritu (Indio Apache)
Echergaray, Manuel de (Capitan)
Fato, Joseph Maria (Alferez)
Farin, Nicolas (Sargento)
Herrera y Ribero, Vicente (Regente Capitan General)
Garrido y Duran, Pedro
Juarez, Juan (Teniente)
Jacupeto
Madrid, Pedro (Soldado)
Maynez, Alberto
Monterablanca (Capitancillo)
Mata Binolas, Pedro de (Teniente)
Maynez, Alberto (Teniente Gobernador)
Marrujo, Juan (Capitan)
Munoz (?) Pacheco, Rafael (Gobernador)
Narrujo, Juan (Capitan)
Olguin, Juan (Sarjento)
Ojos Colorados (Capitancillo Apache)
Onozato de Rivera, Juan (Alcalde Mayor)
Ochoa, Josef Manuel de (Teniente)
Pinto, Antonio de
Peru, Joaquin (Alferez)
Quemado (Capitancillo Mescalero)
Romero, Pablo (Capitan Interino)
Saenz, Rico Joseph (Capitan)
Sales Bohorguez, Francisco de (Alferez)
Saenz, Antonio (Vecion)
Salinas, Miguel
Tovar, Jose Maria (Capitan)
Taranco, Tomas (Vecino)
Taranco, Cayetano (Vecino)
Ugalde, Juan de (Coronel)
Vranga, Salvador de (Capitan)
Vigotes El Bermejo (Capitancillo)
Villaescusa, Pedro Sebastian (Teniente)
Yagonfli (Capitan)
Galvez, Conde de
Chiquito (Capitan)
Galinas, Miguel (Soldado)
Antel (Indio)
Merinoz, Manuel
Guizanotegui, Francisco
Places
Nuevo Mexico (Provincia)
San Buenaventura (Valle)
San Buenaventura (Presidio)
Nueva Vizcaya
Elceario (Presidio)
Santa Fe (Villa)
Moqui (Provincia)
Laguna (Pueblo)
Laguna (Rio)
Santo Domingo (Pueblo)
Pajarito (Poblacion)
Pajarito (Sierra)
Ysleta (Pueblo)
Puerco (Rio)
Alamo (Aguaje)
Quelites (Paraje)
Loma del Yeso (Paraje)
Zuni (Pueblo)
Zuni (Canon)
Zuni (Sierra)
Zuni (Ojo)
Acomas (Pueblo)
Sandia (Jurisdiccion)
Alburquerque
Canada (Jurisdiccion)
Gallina (Ojo)
Chihuahua (Villa)
Gallo (Ojo)
Ojo Caliente
Grullas (Paraje)
Gruollas (Ojo)
Colorado (Rio)
Noya (Rio)
Moqui (Mesa)
Moqui (Provincia)
San Francisco (Rio)
Carrizal (Presidio)
Sierra (Canon)
Sabinal
Paso (Pueblo)
San Carlos (Poblacion)
San Carlos (Presidio)
Napeste (Rio)
Santa Isabel (Paraje)
Texas (Provincia)
Mimbres (Sierra)
Blanca (Sierra)
Sonora (Provincia)
Gila (Rio)
Gila (Sierra)
Torreon (Hacienda)
Arados (Sierra)
Buenavista
Saliere (Paraje)
Noria (Paraje)
Vallecillo (Paraje)
Mapula (Sierra)
Janos
Janos (Presidio)
Carmen (Hacienda)
San Geronimo (Sierra)
San Geronimo
Norreno (Sierra)
Ormigas (Sierra)
Pino (Sierra)
Aguanueba (Sierra)
Terrenaste (Sierra)
Encinillas (Sierra)
Cosiguriachic (Real)
Arispe
Namiquipa
Pilar de Conchos
Guaxohuilla
Guajuguilla
Norte (Presidio)
Paso del Norte (Pueblo)
Temosachi (Pueblo)
Fresno (Canada)
Pena Blanca (Paraje)
Rio Florido (Hacienda)
Florido (Rio)
Florida (Sierra)
Buenavista (Hacienda)
Pelayo (Cueva)
San Miguel (Sierras)
Cathaluna
Cerrogrande
Guadalupe (Sierra)
Salinas (Sierra)
Socorro (Pueblo)
Coahuila (Provincia)
Patule (Rancheria)
Quemado (Rancheria)
Julimes (Pueblo)
Julimes (Presidio)
Julimes (Inmediacion)
Chizos (Paso)
San Vicente (Presidio)
Santa Rosa (Valle)
Santa Ritta (Hacienda)
San Josef
Ramada (Hacienda)
Sal (Sierra)
Erreras, Santa Cruz de (Hacienda)
San Esteban
Toro, Aijadero de la Mimbrera (Aguaje)
Horta, San Salvador de (Canon)
Banos (Hacienda)
Alegre (Rancheria)
Bolante (Rancheria)
Tebosadero (Sierra)
Barrigon (Sierra)
Gollega(?) (Sierra)
Sacramento (Sierra)
Nigotes (Rancheria)
Blanca (Montrera)
Tucson
Tucson (Presidio)
Santa Teresa (Sierra)
Opodepe
Carcag (Sierra)
Carcay (Sierra)
Alisos (Canada)
Pitaycach
Carretas
Carretas (Sierra)
Animas
Animas (Sierra)
Acha (Sierra)
Hacha (Sierra)
Picacho de las Mimbres
Picacho de las Mimbres (Sierra)
Mimbres (Sierra)
Cobre
Cobre (Sierra)
Santa Lucia
San Bernardino
Mulas (Puerto)
Conejos (Puerto)
Batuco (Pueblo)
Bacamuchi (Hacienda)
Bacanuchi
Chiganotje
Trinidad (Real)
Bacoachi
Fronteras (Presidio)
Bavispe (Presidio)
Bavispe
Tupson (Presidio)
Paic (Presidio)
Nombre de Dios
Babonoyaba
Santa Rosalia (Pueblito)
Sestin (Hacienda)
Tierra Blanca (Rancho)
San Juan del Rio (Alcaldia)
Iglesia (Rancheria)
Oro (Real)
Ynde, San Juan Bautista de (Real)
Ormigas (Sierra)
Ojo de los Nogales
Texas (Provincia)
Nacameri (Pueblo)
Cumpas (Pueblo)
Tepache (Pueblo)
Pibipa (Pueblo)
Guazabos (Pueblo)
Yecora (Inmediaciones)
Pimas (Playa)
Oho de la Cananea
Hueco (Cerro)
Ayre (Sierra)
Principe (Presidio)
Cerrogordo, San Carlos de (Presidio)
Cuesta Blanca (Paraje)
Astillero
Santa Barbara (Jurisdiccion)
San Diego (Valle)
Palotada (Arroyo)
Altar
Pitic
Temechuac (Cordillera)
Teseachi, San Pablo de Sierra Madre
Bachimba
Piojo
Napavechi
Copetes (Sierra)
San Borja (Cordillera)
Joya (Cordillera)
Carmona (Cueva)
Silla (Sierra)
Mapula (Sierra)
Casas Grandes
San Diego (Valle)
San Diego
San Miguel (Valle)
Cologachi
Bachiniba
San Lorenzo
Baricora
Coyotillos
San Pedro (Rio)
San Xavier (Rio)
Tero Rosillo
Quartel de Conchos
Capulin (Sierra)
Escondida (Sierra)
Niriz
Arados (Sierra)
Colorado (Cerro)
Metates (Sierra)
Terrenate (Creston)
Maxalca (Cordillera)
Burras (Canon)
Santa Eulalia (Real)
Santa Eulalia (Sierra)
Muerto
Santa Cruz (Sierra)
San Lucas
Tularillo
Barajas (Sierra)
Chiricahui
Satebo
Ethnic Groups
Salineros
Opatas
Gilenos Orientales
Natajees
Lipanes
Carancahuases
Simariones
Pimas
Cumanches
Comanches
Nabajos
Navajos
Mescaleros
Gilenos
Mimbrenos
Apaches Xicarillas
Apaches Gilenos
Cazadores
Jacales
Yutas
Mescaleros
Taraumares
Yaquis
Chiricaguis
Yamparicas
Military Groups
Santa Fe, Tropa de
San Elceario, Compania de
Janos, Primera Division de
Namiquipa, Segunda Compania Volante de
Guaxuguilla, Primera Compania Volante de
Pilar de Conchos, Tercera Compania Volante de
Corral de Piedras, destacamento de
Cathaluna, Compania de Voluntarios de
Paic, Partida del Tropa de
San Geronimo, Quarta Compania Volante de
Altar, Dotacion de
Tupson, Dotacion de
Pitic, Dotacion de
Buenavista, Dotacion de
Bacoachic, Compania de Pimas y Opatas
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 128 ff. 239-335 exp. 2, 3
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 128 ff. 239-335 exp. 2
Language
Spanish
Notes
Ff 274v-275, 313v-314 repeated once.
Reference Number
12800004
Rights
To request a full text document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to Askddt@u.library.arizona.edu or phone 520-621-6438.