Testimonio de los autos, sobre la real cedula expedida enero 29, 1763 a cerca de la causa fromada den Nuevo Santander a Escandon.

Serial Number
041-03452
Title
Testimonio de los autos, sobre la real cedula expedida enero 29, 1763 a cerca de la causa fromada den Nuevo Santander a Escandon.
Author(s)
Arecheo
Valcarzel, Domingo
Gorraez, Joseph de
Date
00-00-1714
Date
05-20-1775
Documentation
Mexico. January 9, 1773 - May 20, 1775. 334p. Decreto. Originals, signed, copies.
Summary
Summary of testimonies about Escandon's record in completing orders to pacify and reduce Indians and settle Nuevo Santander by officers and settlers and their charges against him. Funds spent, mistreatment of Indians, assassination of 5 capitans, use of Indians to work Escandon's land, build his Palace, and increase his wealth. Real cedula ordering pacification of Nuevo Santander delayed in its completion. Activities of Escandon include use of military funds, Indians reduction, founding of 14 settlements with population count of number and families and troops in each (f.8); plus 6 more settlements founded which were not in original budget of 115,000p. Complaint of not achieving increased agricultural production in spite of having fertile land, water; availability of minerals and salt. History of Escandon's earlier military record, reopening of missions. Problems resulting from drought. Espenses of military salaries and sinodos to missionaries. Annual costs in pacification process. Cost of settling 15 families from canary islands in Texas (ff.17). Organization of troops and distribution among settlements; distribution of lands. Difficulty of defending property under Indian hostilities. Complaint that Escandon's soldiers instead of gathering Indians together killed them inhumanely when they asked for peace. Murder by capitan trasieria and soldiers of slave and silversmith not punished or investigated by Escandon; Escandon named capitans and paid them salaries of 500p. (ff.33). Alvares' attempts at populating Rio Verde, movement of people, costs, problems with hostile Indians, mosquito plague (ff.56) order not to let Laredo capitan admit Apaches even though they offered peace (ff.57). Escandon prohibited commerce; payed soldiers in goods. Mining of silver without paying royal fifth (ff.63). Escandon has made few or no reducciones since 1746. List of 9 places on coast where Escandon says he has reduced total of 1,258 Indians and gives names of ethnic groups and number baptised in each location (ff.64). Service record of Escandon since he began service in Yucatan, distinguished service in Sierra Gorda as sargento mayor, teniente until 1746 (ff.68). Provides total inventory of livestock in 20 settlements. Movement of Escandon (Villa), Reynosa, and Burgos settlers to new Parajes (nuezes, Tetillas, Encinos). Molina reinstated as capitan; Barbara Resendi's complaints against Escandon (ff.83)(ff125). Charges against fray Garcia as being hipocrite receiving double salary (ff.91) description of reason for failure of mission for Cocos in San Saba due to murder of missionaries (ff.112). Apaches do not want to be reduced, only want peace and commerce with Spanish (ff.113). Even when they offer peace, Escandon gives them motives to be insolent. Murder at Rancheria of smallpox infected and other Indians by capitan went unpunished (ff.120). Massacre of Janambres on road to Horcasitas (ff 121). Paz not punished for murder of Indians (ff.122). Guevarra's murder of reduced Indians of mission of Santander unpunished. Cordova's mistreatment of Indians in Rio Frio (ff.124). Use of Indians Sihui, janambre as work force, Indian death due to hard labor (ff.125). Attempt to reduce Pames threatening to drive them to the coast. Indians paid 4p month plus rations for corn growing and also grew their own crops (ff.131). Escandon allowed people exemption from debts in order to populate settlements. Escandon's appointing as capitans convicted murder. Escandon refused to release Sanches Borriego who was involved in riot of Coahuila to Serma. Two destructions of Pizones' church in Santa Rossa and Taumave missions. Taking of Indian lands to give to Carmelita priests for 10 years. No payment of Diezmos for farmland; Diezmos payments of hollas, Mier, and Revilla. Escandon nor captain Vasques Borrego payed Diezmos for their large cattle haciendas. Gives cost of campaign against Indians of north and Apaches who attacked Taguacanas. Defense of Escandon's choice of capitans and families to populate settlement in that it is difficult to find cultivated people like those from the capital--they must come from the provinces. Description of Tanambre November 1754 destruction of mission Ruvoroso near Escandon; only 4 escaped including missionary. Complaint of Tanambres robbing, Murdering. Escandon captured tamambre rebles and sent them to Querataro prison. Tamambres and Tonases sent to Querataro as labors, servants and for convents. Marcos Molino's case in which he worked for Hidalgo for 15 years without payment. (ff.163) use of hard labor as punishment as well as death sentence. (L. L. Woodward, November 1988)
Persons
Pas, Gregorio de (Capitan)
Arecheo
Escandon, Joseph (Coronel)
Bucareli y Ursua, Antonio Maria (Virrey)
Croix, Marques de
Palacio, Juan Fernando (Mariscal de Campo)
Osario, Josef (Licenciado)
Cornide, Diego (Asesor General)
Hortiz de Landasuni, Thomas
Gorraes, Joseph de
Sarasa, Francisco
Guerrero de Ardila, Gabriel
Revilla Gigedo, Conde de
Diaz, Feliciano (Cavo)
Barverena, Juan Francisco
Altamira, Marques de (Auditor de la Guerra)
Tienda de Cuervo, Joseph (Capitan)
Lopes, Augustin (Ingeniero)
Andreu, Antonio de (Fiscal)
Canesilla, Lazaro (Indio)
Iglecias, Augustin de (Coronel)
Rodriguez Gallando, Josef Rafael (Licenciado)
Garza, Blas Maria de la (Capitan)
Trasierra, Josef (Capitan)
Samora, Josef de
Rivero, Domingo (Platero)
Gerina, Joseph Vicente (Capitan)
Plata, Francisco de la
Gonzales Santianez, Vizente
Cerna (Capitan)
Pachon (Tanambre)(Capitan)
Urzaga, Domingo de (Capitan)
Mata, Juan de (Indio)
Sonia, Salvador Manuel (Vecino)
Lucia, Juan (Vecino)
Cordova, Miguel de (Capitan)
Baptista, Manuel (Pison)
Molina, Marcos (Pison)
Arroyo, Juan de
Escafadillo, Josef de (Capitan)
Penilla, Manuel de la
Medrano, Josef Frans Ysidro
Gallegos, Julian
Hidalgo, Lorenzo
Perchero, Francisco El (Meco)
Cruz, Antonio de la
Ponze de Leon, Vizente
Roxo, Juan Antonio (Capitan)
Escoltero, Antonio Ricardo
Lopes de Lara, Josef
Ysaguirre, Andres
Aguilar, Thomas de
Gallegos, Alexandro
Vertis y Ontanor, Juan Josef
Elguera Castillo, Antonio de la (Capitan)
Caxafuerte, Marques de
Vizarron y Equiarreta, Juan Antonio de
Urtiaga, Josef de
Malo de Villavisensio, Pedro
Villalpando, Joachin de
Trivino, Marcelino
Serma, Miguel de (Gobernador)
Basques Borrego, Josef (Capitan)
Sanchez, Thomas (Capitan)
Guerra, Vizente (Vecino)
Camara (Ingeniero)
Alvares, Nicolas (Capitan)
Amarillas, Marques de los
Rodrigues de Rivas, Diego
Fernandes de Tauregui, Josef Antonio
Hernandez, Francisco
Ladron de Guevara, Antonio
Soto Troncoso, Francisco de
Fuenclara, Conde de (Virrey)
Rivas, Diego (Obispo)
Siprian, Ignacio Antonio (Fray)
Puga, Antonio de (Capitan)
Velarde, Juan Antonio (Fiscal)
Resendi, Maria Barbara
Resendi, Maximiliano
Olvera, Catharina de
Pereda, Bernardo (Teniente Coronel)
Rivera Maldonado, Juan de (Capitan Comandante)
Villalva, Juan de (Capitan General)
Samora, Andres
Cruz, Salvador
Gutierres, Christoval
Galvez, Joseph
Garcia, Josef Joachin (Fray)
Blanco (Padre)
Aranda, Marques de
Troncoco, Francisco (Alcalde Mayor)
Pizana
Masoni, Juan Josef (Gobernador)
Espinoza, Antonio de (Doctor)
Salazar, Francisco Xavier de (Fray)
Peres, Bernardo
Llata, Francisco de la
Moctezuma, Felipe Miguel de
Mansilla
Valdivieso, Fuastino
Zusuarregui, Juan Maria de (Capitan)
Bernal, Juanchin
Hinojosa, Juan de
Gonzales Paredes, Pedro Joseph
Alvares, Nicolas
Alvares, Gregorio
Zepeda, Miguel de
Castro, Miguel de
Ximenez, Bacilio (Sargento)
Pozana, Alexandro (Sargento)
Olvera, Christoval Josef
Ortiz, Toribio
Mendez, Xavier
Henrrigues, Juan
Roque, Mateo
Casela, Joseph Lucio (Licenciado)
Valcarcel, Domingo
Bucareli (Baylio)
Garcia, Pedro
Bueno, Mariano
Sanches Barrego, Joseph
Aro, Juan de
Diaz, Thadeo
Samora, Xavier
Places
Hoyos (Villa)
Queretaro (Ciudad)
Nuevo Santander (Colonia)
San Cristobal (Serro)
Portugal (Colonia)
Media Luna (Paraje)
Veracruz (Ciudad)
Rio Verde
Soto la Marina
Pacula
Tampico (Barra)
Fuenclara
Espiritu Santo, Bahia de (Presidio)
Guadalupe
Sierra Gorda
Pachuca, San Diego de
Liera
Xalpa
Guemes
Horcasitas
Padilla
Roca de Leones, San Pedro de (Real)
Landa
Tilaco
Tancoyal
Aguayo
Conea
Santander
San Fernando (Villa)
Camargo
Burgos
Santa Barbara
Infantes (Real)
Revilla
Reynosa (Villa)
Mier
Laredo
Borbon (Real)
San Nicolas
Palmillas, la Divina Pastora
Taumave
Michoacan
Vizarron, San Joseph
Pena Millera
Herrera
Canarias (Islas)
Texas
San Sava (Presidio)
San Xavier (Rio)
Sonora
Santillana (Villa)
Adaes (Presidio)
Bejar, San Antonio (Presidio)
Dolores, Nuestra Senora de los
Nayarit
Nuevo Mexico
Coahuila
Californias
Serralvo (Presidio)
Valles (Villa)
Panuco
San Antonio (Rio)
Nuezes (Rio)
Musipi (Rio)
Tontoyuca
Tamaulipas
San Juan Baptista
Santa Rossa (Pueblo)
Norte (Rio)
Flores (Llano)
Santa Dorotea (Paraje)
Xamatan
Rio Frio
Guadalcazar
Guayalejo
San Carlos (Villa)
Charcas
Campeche
Pozo (Hacienda)
Dolores (Hacienda)
Taumave, San Juan Baptista del (Mision)
Guadalaxara
Llanos, San Antonio de los (Pueblo)
Cantaro, El Paso de
Moros (Paraje)
Grande (Rio)
Tetillas
Cruillas
Zacatecas, Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe de (Colegio)
Bersebu, San Nicolas de
Tanaulipa, San Josef
Croix (Villa)
San Luis Potosi
Matahuala
Rio Blanco
San Phelipe (Mision)
Yucatan
Conca
San Nicolas la Divina Pastora
Escandon (Villa)
Balmaseda (Villa)
Hermosillo
Tecosautla
Cay (Villa)
Alcantara
Calatrava
Santiago
Cerrelvo (Presidio)
Misisipi (Rio)
Taguacanas (Presidio)
Ruvorosa, Nuestra Senora de la Luz de (Mision)
Santa Fee
Altamaria (Villa)
Guaralejo (Rio)
San Josef
Ethnic Groups
Bocas Prietas
Tamaulipenos
Malinchenos
Olives
Palahuegues
Ingleses
Mecos
Chichimecos
Pames
Apaches
Huastecos
Panhuayes
Tanambres
Pizones
Tonaces
Sihuis
Tlascaltecas
Cocos
Military Groups
Queretaro, Reximiento Miliciano de
Cavallos de Encomenderos
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 138 ff. 001-167 exp. 3
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 138 ff. 001-167 exp. 3
Language
Spanish
Reference Number
13800003
Rights
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