Reports from captains and governors of Sonora to viceroy regarding physical and spiritual condition of region.

Serial Number
041-03689
Title
Reports from captains and governors of Sonora to viceroy regarding physical and spiritual condition of region.
Author(s)
Sastre, Mateo
Corvalan, Pedro
Vildosola, Antonio de
and others
Date
11-30-1772
Date
01-08-1773
Documentation
November 30, 1772-January 8, 1773. 130p. Informe. Signed.
Summary
Concerns an entire range of mission activities as described by Sonoran leaders to viceroy. Contains many suggestions for administration of missions, mostly on treatment of Indians. Quotes original purpose of conquest as stated by Alexandro VI. expresses need for schools, the teaching of Castellano, written permission for traveling Indians, static position of priests, appointment of two priests in case of illness and even distribution of Spanish population. Discusses the punishment of Indians, prohibiting them from liquor, gambling and salary advances. Describes Indian life and agriculture, their crops, cattle and weavings. Priests want them to establish in towns accessible to church in homes of stone or Adobe which resist fire. Relates difficulties and distances in reaching jobs and transporting goods. States that each Indian should have a horse to hunt Javali with their zaetas and harpoons. Hiaquis are hardworking but basically very lazy so must be given fruitful labor and compensate accordingly to men, women and children over 10. Spanish should not be permitted to buy Indian homes or land. Suggests jobs which benefit others such as in mines. Concerns Indian obligation to church in terms of tribute, priests salary and community building. Asks tithes from Durango be passed to Sonora. Describes gold and silver adornments and wine supplies of some churches and destruction of others due to Zeris and Pimas. Description of trip made by Ganzes to know and convert Indians. Finally, while Indian foreman should be chosen to give priests more freedom, governors should be appointed not elected by Indians. (M. Dannemiller, October 1987)
Persons
Sastre, Mateo
Corvalan, Pedro
Vildosola, Antonio de
Anza, Juan Baptista de
Lumbreras, Juan Jose
Urrea, Bernardo
Alexandro VI (Pontifice)
Fernando (Rey)
Isabella (Reina)
Gil de Bernabe, Juan Chrisostomo
Phelipe (Rey)
Bucareli y Ursua, Antonio Maria (Virrey)
Ganzes, Francisco (Fray)
Places
San Ignacio (Pueblo)
Pimeria Alta
Pimeria Baja
Queretaro, Santa Cruz de
Carriza, Jesus del (Mision)
Puebla
Michoacan
San Miguel de Horcasitas (Presidio)
San Antonio de la Huerta
Ostimuri
Sinaloa
Durango
Fronteras (Presidio)
Tubac (Presidio)
Papagueria
Jila (Rio)
Sonora
San Francisco (Colegio)
Santa Gertudis del Altar (Presidio)
Bac, San Xavier del (Mision)
Monterrey
San Carlos de Buena Vista
Ethnic Groups
Hiaquis
Opatas
Endebes
Pimas Altos
Pimas Bajos
Zeris
Guaimas
Papagos
Apaches
Sobaipunis
Niforas
Cocomaricopas
Mestizos
Negros
Pardos
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 152 ff. 143-208
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 152 ff. 143-208
Language
Spanish
Reference Number
15200006
Rights
To request a full text document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to Askddt@u.library.arizona.edu or phone 520-621-6438.