Correspondence between Vaamonde and virrey concerning increasing Indian hostilities in Nuevo Leon.

Serial Number
041-03813
Title
Correspondence between Vaamonde and virrey concerning increasing Indian hostilities in Nuevo Leon.
Author(s)
Vaamonde, Manuel (Governador)
Revilla Gigedo, Conde de (Virrey)
Date
03-20-1790
Date
05-05-1790
Documentation
Monterrey. Mexico. March 20, 1790-May 5, 1790. 72p. Letters. Signed.
Summary
Concerns Indians moving to Nuevo Leon after terrorizing Laredo and Rio Salado. Indians arrive well-equipped with guns, spears and arrows on foot and horseback. says Indians take captives and murder innocents after destroying ranches. Mentions cruel treatment of victims before mass murders begin. Indians steal horses, mules and all personal property from ranches. When ranches later deserted, diminished labor forces mines out of operation. Vaamonde has given permission for civilians to defend themselves, but these troops have no horses, arms or munitions. Also, while these family men are on patrol they can't support their families. says 100 murders in area. Vaamonde sends arrows collected from dead as proof for virrey. Also, sends set of documents and comprobantes from area residents. Letters relate incidents and describe raids in detail. Letters request military assistance. Vaamonde says these incidents are proof that Ugalde must return two troops taken earlier to another province. To ensure proper punishment of these Indians, cooperation with troops in Nuevo Santander and Coahuila is also needed. Virrey, having received comprobantes orders troops back to Leon. Advises Vaamonde to meet with troops in Lampazos to review and ensure they are properly equipped. Orders Vaamonde to provide reports on conditions and operations. Vaamonde mentions with letters from Baez that troops still insufficient and Indians in area have doubled. Virrey says he must work with companies from other areas. (M. Dannemiller, November 1988)
Persons
Revilla Gigedo, Conde de (Virrey)
Vaamonde Villamil, Manuel
Gomez de Castro, Juan Josef (Alcalde)
Flores, Josef Maria
Ugalde, Juan de (Comandante General)
Flores Valdez, Javier
Lopez Fonseca, Vicente Antonio
Elizondo, Josseph Javier
Trevino, Pedro Josef
Cantu, Jose Miguel
Tato, Julian Antonio
Garza, Juan Cristobal de
Baez de Aragon, Juan (Alcalde)
Garza, Pedro Jose
Barbosa Maldonado, Salvador
Maldonado, Jose Maria
Lisondo, Vicente
Trevino, Jose Isidrio
Places
Rio Grande
Leon
Monterrey
Peyotes (Misiones)
Laredo
Rio Salado (Villa)
Coahuila
Vallecillo, San Carlos del
Salinas
Picachos
Mamulique (Hacienda)
Gualaquices, San Cristobal de (Mision)
Revilla
Nuevo Santander
Sauz (Rancho)
San Juan de Bauptista (Valle)
San Fernando
Monclova
Leones, Boca de
China, Mesa de
Nueces
Haxcala
Lampazos
Santa Rosa
Ethnic Groups
Apaches
Lipanes
Mescaleros
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 159 ff. 111-145
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 159 ff. 111-145
Language
Spanish
Notes
These documents refer to correspondence mentioned in folios 104-111. Folio 123 repeated.
Reference Number
15900010
Rights
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General Subjects