Antonio informe by Ugalde for virrey concerning incident in Santa Rosa in which 66 mescaleros captured.

Serial Number
041-03821
Title
Antonio informe by Ugalde for virrey concerning incident in Santa Rosa in which 66 mescaleros captured.
Author(s)
Ugalde, Juan de
Florez, Manuel Antonio
Date
04-24-1789
Documentation
Santa Rosa. March 24, 1789. 40p. Informe. Signed.
Summary
Ugalde kills 2 Mescaleros, captures 66 that were under the pretense of peace. Brings in troops from other areas. Gives complete description of soldiers and assignments during ambush. All were to meet in Zaguan. White handkerchief to be sign sent Arendano to Rancheria to capture or murder anyone there. Long description of speech he made. Capture of Indians and number of heads brought of Indians who hadn't attended. Suggests promotions for officials involved. Assisted by Gutierrez who knew language and customs because he had been kidnapped for 6 years. Ugalde expected Picax-Ande to direct campaign in search of enemy but due to scheduled Lipan buffalo slaughter, Picax-Ande will be delayed 2 months. He promises to capture or kill all Mescaleros in area. Mescalero captain sends messenger with request for peace, to which Ugalde responds that he is willing to negotiate new agreement but demands such as arms training are not sensible. Contains and residents. After hours of discussion and an expedition in area, Ugalde learns from Picax-Ande that Mescaleros did not actually expect peace and had plotted revenge that resulted in several raids that included murder and theft of horses. Ugalde demands an explanation from guifie-gurya which is given in detail. Quifie-Gusya says he will return with all who had accepted peace to be placed in location selected by Ugalde. Most arrive a week later, Yacolk-su choosing to take command of nearby Apache tribe. Ugalde sends Gutierrez to Rancheria to observe activities and informs him that Apaches are restless, well armed and surely planning to murder Ugalde. Captains in town repeatedly offer to take him to See rancherias finally with all present. He offers peace, says all must attend and sends detachment to watch Rancheria. Includes list of Indians murdered and captured by sex and tribe. Virrey approves of action and recommends his promotion to brigadier to king. (M. Dannemiller, December 1988)
Persons
Ugalde, Juan de
Florez, Manuel Antonio (Virrey)
Pixas-Ande Ins-Tinsle de Ugalde (Capitan Lipiyan)
Valdes, Casimiro
Quifie-Gusya (Indio)
Daxle Ilchi (Patule)
El-Lite (Indio)
Yacolk-Su (Indio)
Datufindane (Guernado)
Gutierrez, Joaquin
Serna, Jose Antonio de la
Cortes, Juan (Teniente)
Cosio, Nicolas de (Teniente)
Murguiz, Josef Antonio
Murguiz, Miguel Francisco (Alferez)
Zozaya, Josef Francisco de (Alferez)
Rina, Jose Maria de la (Alferez)
Garza, Jose Manuel de la (Alferez)
Pena, Francisco Ignacio de la
Arendano, Nicolas de
Cadena, Jose
Places
Puerto (Rio)
Savinas
Carmel
San Fernando
Sauana Grande
Sardinas
Quatrozienegas
Chizos
Espina-Cuerno Verde
Vixcaya
Santander
Coahuila
Monclova
Rio Grande
Penitas, Paso de
Longoria, Paso de
Zaguan
Aguaverde
Ethnic Groups
Lipiyanes
Lipanes
Mescaleros
Apaches
Military Groups
Aguaverde, Compania de
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 159 ff. 235-265
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 159 ff. 235-265
Language
Spanish
Notes
Folios 237 & 255 repeated
Reference Number
15900018
Rights
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General Subjects