Concha informs of New Mexico's state of troops and enemies and effective means for the containment of these foes.

Serial Number
041-05641
Title
Concha informs of New Mexico's state of troops and enemies and effective means for the containment of these foes.
Author(s)
Concha, Fernando de la
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo
Date
09-17-1788
Date
04-06-1789
Documentation
Mexico/santa Fe. September 17, 1788 - April 6, 1789. 32p. Informes. Originals/signed.
Summary
Concha states that Mimbrenos, Gilenos, Apaches, Faraones, Navajos, Yutas and Cumanches are present in New Mexico --the latter two being numerous and strong. Provincia composed of 8 jurisdictions. Reports that town Indians are applied workers that cultivate carefully their lands, selling part of their crops, and dressing selves with fabricated textiles. Indians reported to enjoy a comfort greater than in anywhere in the two Americas. Indians also credited as robust and agile in war. Notes that Spanish population, much more numerous, is equally dedicated to agriculture and care of livestock. Women weave cotton and wool skillfully. Notes snowy Weather conditions. Provincias, use of bartering and coins called pesos de la tierra. Reports that residents and Indians are very obedient in military campaigns; however, they are not richly provided for. Indians lack instruction from missions while Spanish have little. Description of makeup and excellent quality of troops in provincia. Notes advantages of alliance with Cumanches, Nabajoes, Yutas to unite against common Apache enemy. Geographic and military plans of two summer campaigns which utilize Allied Indian nations. (J. Hiller, may 1989)
Persons
Concha, Fernando de la (Gobernador)
Neve, Phelipe de
Baptista de Anssa, Juan (Coronel)
Delgado, Manuel (Teniente)
Flores, Manuel Antonio de
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo (Comandante)
Bonilla, Antonio
Places
Nueva Vizcaya
Chihuahua
El Passo del Norte (Presidio)
Acome (Mision)
Laguna (Mision)
Zuni (Mision)
Gila (Sierras)
Magdalena (Sierra)
El Passo (Pueblo)
Rio Grande del Norte
Mimbres (Sierra)
Santa Fe
Ethnic Groups
Mimbrenos
Gilenos
Apaches
Faraones
Navajoes
Yutas
Cumanches
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 254 ff. 008-023
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 254 ff. 008-023
Language
Spanish
Notes
Appears as expediente 2 in indice del ramo.
Reference Number
25400002
Rights
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