Alonso de Leon. Diario of Alonso de Leon entrada to Bahia del Espiritu Santo, March 23-May 13, 1689.

Serial Number
210-00007
Title
Alonso de Leon. Diario of Alonso de Leon entrada to Bahia del Espiritu Santo, March 23-May 13, 1689.
Author(s)
Leon, Alonso de
Date
05-13-1689
Documentation
Presidio de Coahuila. May 13, 1689. Photostat of copy.
Summary
Diary of Leon's expedition to Bahia del Espiritu Santo from Coahuila. Accompanied by French prisoner with many contacts among Indians, Spaniards- encounter gathering of Indians of 5 naciones - Hapes, Jumenes, xiabu, Mescales, y otra- living in casilla cuvierta de Cueros de cibola- who hang heads of enemies from poles in front of their dwellings; note petroglyphs; journey thru great stretches of Mesquite, Nopales so thick at times they have to dismount; describe Flora, fauna, especially trees, commenting on great numbers, good quality of native walnuts, and buffalo; hear of 4 French traders operating among Indians, trading knives, tobacco for buffalo hides which they transported on dogs; lose over 100 horses in stampede, of which all but 36 recovered; reach French settlement and find it destroyed by Indians- books, bones, broken arcabuces scattered thru wreckage, explore Rio San Marcos; told by Indians that French community at Espiritu Santo suffered epidemic of smallpox (viruelas) which killed more than 100, then were tricked by Indians who came from far away under pretext of desire to trade and killed French in their homes; encounter Texas Indians, some of whom accompany Spaniards back to Coahuila presidio. (T. Sheridan) (1977)
Persons
Leon, Alonso de (Gobernador de Coahuila)
Masanett, Damian (Fray) (OFM, Capellan of Expedition)
Martinez, Francisco (Alferez)
Places
Coahuila (Provincia)
Hondo (Rio)
San Marcos (Rio)
Guadalupe (Rio)
Coahuila (Presidio)
Espiritu Santo (Bahia)
Ethnic Groups
Franceses
Hapes
Jumenes
Xiabus
Mescales
Texas
First Location
TXU, Tex. Hist. Ctr. Arch. S. Fran. El grande 2q248 835 v. 009 pp. 041-057
Original Location
BNM, Mexico, Arch. S. Fran. El Grande
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
4651
Rights
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