Agricultural Methods

Jose de Galvez to Fermin Lasuen. Carta misiones y agriculture en California.

Serial Number
250-00044
Title
Jose de Galvez to Fermin Lasuen. Carta misiones y agriculture en California.
Author(s)
Galvez, Jose
Date
11-23-1768
Documentation
Letter. Original. Signed. Puerto de la Paz. November 23, 1768. 6.
Summary
Galvez focuses on the need to increase agricultural productivity in the northern California missions to prevent Indians from leaving the doctrina. (J. Grusin) (1976)
Persons
Galvez, Jose
Lasuen, Fermin
Places
Puerto de la Paz
First Location
Newberry Library, Chicago. Ayer ms. 1213.
Original Location
NL, Chicago, Ayer Ms. 1213
Other Location
Santa Barbara Mission Archives. Calif. Miss. Docts. Geiger Calendar, no. 0024.
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
2638
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Galvez
Lasuen
Beginning Date Month
November
Beginning Date (repacked)
11-23-1768
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/16069
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
General Subjects
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Pedro de Rivera. Diario y derrotero de lo caminado.

Serial Number
250-00022
Title
Pedro de Rivera. Diario y derrotero de lo caminado.
Author(s)
Rivera, Pedro de
Date
00-00-1736
Documentation
Guatemala. 1736. 84pgs. Diario. Offset.
Summary
Traces his journey northward to inspect presidios and local conditions. Some remarks on geography, Indians, and forts, as well as on plant and animal life, agriculture. He frequently listed which Indians lived in certain towns. Document is valuable for its placement of the tribes and bands. (J. Grusin) (1976)
Persons
Rivera, Pedro de (Brigadier)
Porras, Guillermo
Places
Nuevo Toledo
Nuevo Galicia
Nueva Viscaya
Nueva Mexico
Texas
Nuevo Leon
Sonora
Ostimuri
Sinaloa
Nayarit
Culiacan
Coaguila
Ethnic Groups
Choras
Tecolames
Tepehuanes
Tarahumaras
Xiximes
Tubares
Berroxios
Nuris
Babos Arigames
Atapabondas
Conchos
Chizos
Otaquitatomes
Sumas
Xocomes
Mezquites
Calcalotes
Paxalames
Mammetes
Julimenos
Tapalcomes
Poarames
Hopomes
Sibulos
Pulicas
Piros
Tiguas
Mansos
Queres
Zunis
Alonas
Xemes
Xeres
Picuries
Thanos
Pecos
Apaches
Pharaones
Natajes
Gilenos
Coninas
Quartelexos
Palomas
Yutas
Jicarillas
Moquis
Comanches
Mayos
Opatas
Pimas
Jovas
Eudeves
Egues
Yaquis (Hyaques)
Toros
Cholz
Seris
Tepocas
Adaes
Aynays
Nagadoches
Nechas
nozones
Naconomes
Yojuanes
Anames
Ervipiames
Malleyes
Pampopas
Cocos
Coapites
Copanes
Carancaguazes
Tacames
Aranames
Pelones
Salinas
Parchinas
Annas
Pacaos
Pajalates
Pitalac
First Location
Newberry Library, Chicago. Ayer *656.2 r6
Original Location
NL, Chicago, Ayer *6562 R6
Language
Spanish
Notes
Rpt. 1945. notas por guillermo porras.
Batch Reference Number
4930
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Rivera
Porras
Beginning Date (repacked)
1736
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/16047
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Capitan Joseph Joaquin de Arrillega. Diary of the explorations made by the capitan of Loreto on the frontier.

Serial Number
230-00040
Title
Capitan Joseph Joaquin de Arrillega. Diary of the explorations made by the capitan of Loreto on the frontier.
Author(s)
Arrillega, Jose Joaquin de (Capitan)
Date
12-09-1796
Documentation
San vicente. December 9, 1796. 70p.
Summary
Account of explorations near the Colorado River. Describes vegetation (esp. Trees, cacti). Discusses the feasability of agriculture and livestock in various locales. Some Indian population figures. Some ethnographic information- gathered foods; seasonal habitation; fenced in dancing area; squash preserved by drying; a reference to bow and arrow Indians. Also contains account of an attack on the troops near the mouth of the Colorado. (R. Perez) (1977)
Persons
Arrillega, Jose Joaquin de (Capitan of Loreto)
Fages, Pedro (Gobernador)
Places
San Vicente (Mision)
Loreto (Presidio)
San Luis
San Fernando (Mision)
Santa Catalina (Mountains)
Sierra Grande (Mountains)
Colorado (Rio)
Agua Caliente
Trinidad (Plains)
San Luis (Or los Cochos)
Nuestra Senora del Pilar
San Pedro Martir (Mision)
San Felipe de Jesus (Port)
San Salvador
Jesus Maria (Valle)
Santa Ysabel
San Miguel (Mision)
Santo Tomas (Mision)
la Laguna (Valle)
San Rafael (Arroyo)
San Diego (Presidio)
la Laguna de Santa Eulalia
Ethnic Groups
Playanos
Yumas
Colorados
First Location
CU-BANC. C-B 840 (Bolton Col.) no. 0341 pp. 0001-0070
Original Location
CU-BANC. C-B 0840 no. 341 Pp. 0001-0070
Language
Spanish
Notes
Translated by N.V. Sanchez.
Batch Reference Number
4699
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Arrillega
Fages
Beginning Date Month
December
Beginning Date (repacked)
12-09-1796
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/16018
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Tarahumara census report.

Serial Number
230-00036
Title
Tarahumara census report.
Date
04-09-1791
Documentation
Chihuahua. April 9, 1791. Original. Chart.
Summary
Population breakdown into civil, and age classes. Also breakdown of livestock and crops. Includes 46 Alta Tarahumara towns of the nw section of Tarahumara country. (T. N.) (1975)
Ethnic Groups
Tarahumaras
First Location
CU-BANC. M-M 0520 no. 003
Original Location
CU-BANC. M-M 0520 no. 003
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
4873
UAIR Filtering Fields
Beginning Date Month
April
Beginning Date (repacked)
04-09-1791
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/16014
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
General Subjects
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Fray Junipero Serra. Carta al padre Francisco Palou. Sobre su viaje a San Diego y los indios de la region.

Serial Number
230-00021
Title
Fray Junipero Serra. Carta al padre Francisco Palou. Sobre su viaje a San Diego y los indios de la region.
Author(s)
Serra, Junipero
Date
07-03-1769
Documentation
San Diego. July 3, 1769. 3pp. Typesc. Cpy.
Summary
Serra tells of his arrival at San Diego, the causes of delay in his arrival, and the land and Indians encountered on the way. Describes the subsistence practices of the coast Indians, although very briefly. (C. Briggs) (1975)
Persons
Serra, Junipero
Palou, Francisco
First Location
CU-BANC. C-B 840 (Bolton Col.) no. 0091
Original Location
CU-BANC. C-B 0840 no. 091
Language
Spanish
Notes
3 pp. Typescript from publication- in- Our Centennial Memoirs. Founding of the Missions. San Francisco de Assisi, its Hundreth Year. The Celebration of its Foundation. Historical Reminiscences of the Missions of San Francisco. Compiled, printed, and published by P.J. Thomas, No.505 Clay St, 1875.
Batch Reference Number
1542
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Serra
Palou
Beginning Date Month
July
Beginning Date (repacked)
07-03-1769
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/15999
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Letter to padre provincial concerning Yaqui missionization.

Serial Number
230-00008
Title
Letter to padre provincial concerning Yaqui missionization.
Author(s)
Perez, Andres (Fray)
Date
06-13-1617
Documentation
Rio del Espiritu Santo. June 13, 1617. Original.
Summary
Mentions Island Rio Yaqui 2 leagues from mouth where largest concentration Yaquis have their fields, describes Yaqui flood plain agriculture (maize, beans, squash), including 2 planting seasons. States cotton, Mescal (agave), otras semillejas not cultivated, but apparently Tuna (opuntia) was. Notes Lower pueblos' exploitation sea resources, especially fish. Mentions continuous warfare with Nebomes, Mayos. says Yaquis, surrounded by enemies, unable to leave territory, desire friendship with Nebomes especially, because Yaquis wish to trade with Guaymas (Seri group), parientes de los Nebomes. for shells, beads. Notes scattered Rancheria style settlement pattern from Tesano to sea (14 leagues). Houses of petate, located near fields. Describes aid Yaqui leaders in missionization process. Stresses isolated, beleaguered nature Yaqui society, desire for security from enemies. Notes that although Yaqui leaders don't possess power over others, their example respected, followed. Describes friendly reception missionaries. 1600 children baptized. Adults feared baptism because of epidemic (cocoliztli), which they equated with Sacrament. says Yaquis beginning to build Adobe homes. Also states Yaquis chose 12 sites for reduction 16,000 inhabitants to permanent settlements, 2 of which uncomfortable and will be reduced finally to 10. Nuris noted as friends of Yaquis, desirous of reduction as well to area with better land. Discusses desire other mountain groups for missionaries. Notes attempts to end indecent dances, drinking bouts, with fiestas de dios. Mentions Indians' preference for beef over wild game. says Yaquis now cutting hair shoulder length instead of wearing it long, customary among warriors. (T. Sheridan) (1976)
Persons
La Cruz, Diego de (Padre)
Pablo (Yaqui Leader)
Perez, Andres
Places
Mayo (Rio
Montesclaros
Serranias de Topia
Tesano
Ethnic Groups
Yaquis
Nebomes
Yaiamas (Guaymas-Seris)
Nures
Sues
Busos
Vacinoas
Tetaribes
Tehatas
Conicares
Tepahues
Warihios
First Location
CU-BANC. M-M 0227 pp. 0579-0583; 0943-0952
Original Location
CU-BANC. M-M 0227 Pp. 0579-0583; 093-0952
Other Location
CU-BANC. Memorias Para la Historia de la Provincia de Sinaloa
Language
Spanish
Notes
Excellent document
Batch Reference Number
1816
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
La Cruz
Pablo
Perez
Beginning Date Month
June
Beginning Date (repacked)
06-13-1617
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/15986
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Of the mission and journey to the Indians called Tepehuanes.

Serial Number
230-00006
Title
Of the mission and journey to the Indians called Tepehuanes.
Date
00-00-1607
Documentation
Santa Cruz. 1607. 8p.
Summary
Full of ethnographic information- clothing; subsistence; marital practices; religious (sorcerers, sacrifices, idol called vuamari); use of intoxicants. Cites number of baptisms. Mentions epidemic. Notes war between Tepehuanes and Tarahumara. (R. Perez) (1977)
Places
Santa Cruz
Cuaco de Cinaloa (Rio)
San Lorenzo
San Juan Bautista
Aquilani (Valle)
Ethnic Groups
Tepehuanes
Oclotanis
Garagrenses
Tarahumaras
Bayomanes
First Location
CU-BANC. C-B 840 (Bolton Col.) no. 0259 pp. 0016-0023
Original Location
CU-BANC. C-B 0840 no. 259 Pp. 0016-0023
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
4692
UAIR Filtering Fields
Beginning Date (repacked)
1607
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/15984
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Gobernador Pedro del Barrio Junco y Espriella. Visita concerning San Xavier missions.

Serial Number
210-00053
Title
Gobernador Pedro del Barrio Junco y Espriella. Visita concerning San Xavier missions.
Author(s)
Barrio Junco y Espriella, Pedro del (Gobernador)
Date
06-16-1749
Date
06-20-1749
Documentation
San Fernando de Bexar. June 16-20, 1749. Photostat of copy.
Summary
Gobernador Junco y Espriella's visita concerning San Xavier. Testimony given concerning- amount of water able to be taken from Arroyo de San Xavier for irrigation, amount of land able to be cultivated. Rio San Xavier evidently dried up occasionally. Many of soldiers questioned stated they had no experience farming. (T. Sheridan) (1977)
Persons
Barrio Junco y Espriella, Pedro del (Gobernador de Texas)
Galban, Juan (Teniente de San Antonio Presidio)
Sosa, Joseph Miguel de (Cabo de Escuadra de San Antonio Presidio)
Fernandez de Santa Ana, Benito (Fray) (OFM)
Places
Texas (Provincia)
San Fernando de Bexar (Villa)
Adaes (Presidio)
San Xavier (Rio)
San Antonio de Bexar (Presidio)
Colorado (Rio)
First Location
TXU, Tex. Hist. Ctr. Arch. S. Fran. El grande 2q248 835 v. 004 pp. 116-143
Original Location
BNM, Mexico, Arch. S. Fran. El Grande Leg. 0095 no. 06 ff. 116-143
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
4636
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Barrio Junco y Espriella
Galban
Sosa
Fernandez de Santa Ana
Beginning Date Month
June
End Date Month
June
Beginning Date (repacked)
06-16-1749
End Date (repacked)
06-20-1749
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/15973
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
General Subjects
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Gobernador Fernando Perez de Almazan al virrey. Letter concerning conditions in provincia de Texas.

Serial Number
210-00039
Title
Gobernador Fernando Perez de Almazan al virrey. Letter concerning conditions in provincia de Texas.
Author(s)
Perez de Almazan, Fernando (Gobernador)
Date
10-24-1724
Documentation
San Antonio de Valero. October 24, 1724. Letter. Copy.
Summary
Responding to charges of fray Gonzalez of widespread corruption, inefficiency in Texas presidios, including use of untrained boys as soldiers, use of soldiers as laborers in personal haciendas of presidial captains, exorbitantly high prices of goods sold to presidial soldiers, lack of support for missionary Apache reduccion program, etc., Almazan informs virrey some scandals exist but he's trying to correct them. Concerning Apache reduccion, both he and fray Gonzalez advocate formation of company of 60-70 soldiers taken from Bahia del Espiritu Santo, San Antonio, Coahuila, Rio Grande del Norte presidios, who would first try to continue peace negotiations by carrying gifts to Apaches. Adaes presidial company too occupied in affairs along French frontier to participate. Does not feel San Antonio presidio should be moved next to mission, because both soldiers, Indians need room for their cattle, fields and conflicts would result if they were next to each other. Notes difficulty in communicating with Adaes presidio because of rivers in flood. Good document for presidial information. (T. Sheridan) (1977)
Persons
Gonzalez, Joseph (Fray) (OFM)
Perez de Almazan, Fernando (Gobernador de Texas)
Flores, Nicolas (Capitan de San Antonio Presidio)
Places
Sabinas (Rio)
San Antonio de Valero (Presidio)
Adaes (Presidio)
Espiritu Santo (Presidio)
Coahuila (Presidio)
Rio Grande del Norte (Presidio)
Colorado (Rio)
Texas (Provincia)
Espiritu Santo (Bahia)
Ethnic Groups
Apaches
First Location
TXU, Tex. Hist. Ctr. Arch. S. Fran. El grande 2q248 835 v. 010 pp. 137-144
Original Location
BNM, Mexico, Arch. S. Fran. El Grande
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
4663
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Gonzalez
Perez de Almazan
Flores
Beginning Date Month
October
Beginning Date (repacked)
10-24-1724
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/15959
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Capitan Nicolas Flores y Valdes al Marques de San Miguel de Aguayo. Letter concerning Apache raid on San Antonio horseherd.

Serial Number
210-00030
Title
Capitan Nicolas Flores y Valdes al Marques de San Miguel de Aguayo. Letter concerning Apache raid on San Antonio horseherd.
Author(s)
Flores y Valdes, Nicolas (Capitan)
Date
10-21-1723
Documentation
San Antonio. October 21, 1723. Letter. Copy.
Summary
In letter of 10/21/1723, capitan Flores describes Apache raid on San Antonio horseherd and his successful pursuit of raiders onto the plains, in which 34 Indians killed, many horses recovered. Notes goods possessed by Apaches. Asks Apache prisoner why the Indians attacked his horseherd and Apache replies that they trade (tienen Cambalaches) horses with Spaniards to north. Prisoner also states that raiding party composed of 5 capitanes with 12 men each. Concerning foodstuffs carried by Apaches, prisoner says that they raise maize themselves, get beans from Spaniards. Flores decides to sue for peace, so he sends prisoner (woman) back to her people with promise that 19 Apache prisoners at San Antonio will be freed if peace prevails. (T. Sheridan) (1977)
Persons
Flores y Valdes, Nicolas (Capitan de San Antonio Presidio)
San Miguel de Aguayo, Marques de
Places
San Antonio (Presidio)
Colorado (Rio)
Texas (Provincia)
Ethnic Groups
Apaches
First Location
TXU, Tex. Hist. Ctr. Arch. S. Fran. El grande 2q248 835 v. 010 pp. 164-167
Original Location
BNM, Mexico, Arch. S. Fran. El Grande
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
4666
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Flores y Valdes
San Miguel de Aguayo
Beginning Date Month
October
Beginning Date (repacked)
10-21-1723
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/15950
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

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