Food Supplies (Hunting And Gathering)

Jose de Galvez to Fermin Lasuen. Carta sobre el uso de tobaco y cazar nutria.

Serial Number
250-00045
Title
Jose de Galvez to Fermin Lasuen. Carta sobre el uso de tobaco y cazar nutria.
Author(s)
Galvez, Jose
Date
11-23-1768
Documentation
Letter. Original. Signed. Puerto de la Paz. November 23, 1768. 3.
Summary
Galvez remarks on use of tobacco among Indians and then on the need to develop Nutria hunting as a way to finance the missions. (J. Grusin) (1976)
Persons
Galvez, Jose
Lasuen, Fermin
Places
California
Puerto de la Paz
First Location
Newberry Library, Chicago. Ayer ms. 1213.
Original Location
NL, Chicago, Ayer Ms. 1213
Other Location
Santa Barbara Mission Archives. Calif. Miss. Docts. Geiger Calendar, no. 0025.
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
2639
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Galvez
Lasuen
Beginning Date Month
November
Beginning Date (repacked)
11-23-1768
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/16070
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
General Subjects
Collections
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Jose de Galvez to Lasuen. Carta sobre la reduccion de indios y proviso de misiones.

Serial Number
250-00043
Title
Jose de Galvez to Lasuen. Carta sobre la reduccion de indios y proviso de misiones.
Author(s)
Galvez, Jose
Date
11-17-1768
Documentation
Letter. Original. Signed. Puerto de la Paz. November 17, 1768. 4.
Summary
Galvez suggests ways to increase the missions food supply to make certain that reduced Indians did not return to the mountains for lack of food. (J. Grusin) (1976)
Persons
Galvez, Jose
Lasuen, Fermin
Places
San Joseph del Cabo (Mision)
Bahia de San Luis
Puerto de la Paz
First Location
Newberry Library, Chicago. Ayer ms. 1213.
Original Location
NL, Chicago, Ayer Ms. 1213
Other Location
Santa Barbara Mission Archives. Calif. Miss. Docts. Geiger Calendar, no. 0023.
Language
Spanish
Notes
Described in geiger calendar, pg. 49.
Batch Reference Number
2640
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Galvez
Lasuen
Beginning Date Month
November
Beginning Date (repacked)
11-17-1768
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/16068
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
General Subjects
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Fr. Francis Xavier de Faria to viceroy of New Spain. Jesuit apologetica, Sonora and Sinaloa .

Serial Number
160-00001
Title
Fr. Francis Xavier de Faria to viceroy of New Spain. Jesuit apologetica, Sonora and Sinaloa .
Author(s)
Faria, Francis Xavier de (S.J.)
Date
11-00-1657
Documentation
November 1657. Copy.
Summary
Jesuit defense against charges by presidial captains that they accumulated great Sotres grain/livestock, engaged in lucrative trade, built palaces, lived in luxury. Jesuit attack on presidial captains for abusing Indian labor, cheating own soldiers, failing to perform military duties, showing disrespect for missionaries/religion. High praise for captains Hurdaide, Borgansa Quesada. Condemnation present captain. Account civil/religious conflict Sinaloa-Sonora. Brief description agriculture, barter/exchange rates, Jesuit livestock industry, Jesuit commerce with Parral, wild food gathering (acorns, chestnuts, Quelites), Mescal making, mission architecture, settlement patterns, Indian depopulation at hands of Spaniards, Indian migration to mines/ranches outside province. Defense corporal punishment Indians. Religious/economic reasons for reduction program. Description Jesuit generosity to Indians/Spaniards during famines. Reasons why Indians should support missionaries without monetary payment. Description sad state presidial forces-untrained, cheated by captains. Abuses Sinaloa judicial system. (T. Sheridan) (1976)
Persons
Faria, Francis Xavier de (Padre)
Hurdaide, Diego de (Capitan)
Borgansa, Diego de (Capitan)
Quesada, Gaspar de (Capitan)
Places
San Felipe y Santiago
Montesclaros
Rahum
Potam
Sinaloa (Rio)
Parral
First Location
CU-BANC. C-B 840 (Bolton Col.) no. 0269 pp. Transl.
Original Location
BH, Munich.
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
2431
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Faria
Hurdaide
Borgansa
Quesada
Beginning Date (repacked)
1657
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/15888
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
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Diaz to Urrea letter-indian unrest.

Serial Number
041-02368
Title
Diaz to Urrea letter-indian unrest.
Author(s)
Diaz, Juan (Fray)
Date
10-24-1771
Documentation
Purissima concepcion de Caborca. October 24, 1771. 5p. Letter. Copy. Photostat.
Summary
Describes unrest of Indians district, attributed to three causes-1) transhumance lifestyle; 2) theft of cattle, horses under pretext of hunting, wild food gathering; 3) persistence of concubinage, especially among Pitiquenos. States Indians remain in desert even when sick, necessitating lengthy journeys to administer sacraments. says Pitic Indians most rebellious. (T. Sheridan, 1976)
Persons
Diaz, Juan (Padre)
Urrea, Bernardo de
Places
Pitic
Caborca
Ethnic Groups
Pitiquenos
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 093 ff. 347-349
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 093 ff. 347-349
Language
Spanish
Reference Number
9300073
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Diaz
Urrea
Beginning Date Month
October
Beginning Date (repacked)
10-24-1771
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/6715
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
General Subjects
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Padre Francisco Antonio Barbastro to virrey Conde de Revilla Gigedo, informe concerning missions of Pimeria Alta.

Serial Number
041-00865
Title
Padre Francisco Antonio Barbastro to virrey Conde de Revilla Gigedo, informe concerning missions of Pimeria Alta.
Author(s)
Barbastro, Francisco Antonio (Fray)
Date
12-01-1793
Documentation
Aconchi. December 1, 1793. Auto. Copy (dated January 21, 1794).
Summary
Describes geographical range Pimeria Alta missions. Speaks of continuing Apache menace. Notes depopulation of area due to diseases, Apache attacks. Discusses temporal affairs of missions, including livestock raising, planting communal fields maize, wheat, and vegetables, which feeds widows, sick, military escorts, mission Indians during lean months of April, May, and June, thereby inducing Indians to remain in pueblos instead of wild-food gathering. Notes sale of surplus to mines/presidios to purchase church supplies, barter goods. Notes decline of mission agriculture last 8 years due to lack of seeds, decline of Cieneguilla mines, and increased number of farmers. States mission business is conducted by Indian governors under missionaries' guidance. Describes architecture of Indian houses; agriculture, including cultivation of pomegranates, quinces, cotton, and sugar cane as well as shrubs of gomilla, jojoba, both of which used medicinally. Describes herbs used, including indigo (anil), gediondilla, zimarron, contra yerba. Claims 2 harvests pithaya per year in west. Notes presence gypsum, lime, piedra bezal found in deer, especially those killed near coast. Says province is covered with grama grass, thereby providing forage for much livestock. Describes climate, mineral wealth, including real of Cieneguilla, only settlement of Spaniards in Pimeria Alta. Describes settlements. Tiburones described as Seri groups. Describes excellent salt fields along coast. Describes port of Tepoca/pearl beds nearby. Notes presence of subterranean water. Says Papagos come to missions to sell young boys captured in slave raids carried out by interior nations; these slaves called Vijoras (Nixoras). No active commerce carried on by Indians. Describes uses of cotton. Says Pimas are good farmers, growing wheat, maize, squash, cotton. During harvests, many traders arrive to barter cloth, etc. for produce. Says Pimas stay in pueblos, not like Yaquis and many Opatas who wander (probably to work in mines). Discusses reasons why missions should not be secularized. Estimates Gila Pima population at 2,000. Compares Pimas favorably to Opatas, who no longer respect missionaries. Describes temporary nature of Spanish settlement of Sonora, Pimeria Alta. Says 8 leagues from Aconchi, the San Juan mine, full of water, is abandoned now. Discusses precautions necessary for populating Sonora. Encourages development of Tepoca, Guaymas to give Sonora easy access to sea, Tiburon Island as way station for transportation of livestock. Discusses need to develop educational facilities, including primary schools at Indian settlements. Notes belief among Opatas at Aconchi in Montezuma, who they claimed was their king and had risen and appeared in mountains. Describes his school, which taught girls as well as boys to read, write. (T. Sheridan) (1976)
Persons
Font, Pedro (Padre)
Crespo, Benito
Garces, Francisco (Padre)
Moyano (Padre)
Neve, Felipe de
Guillen, Felipe (Padre)
Guemes y Horcasitas, Juan Francisco de (Conde de Revilla Gigedo)
Barbastro, Francisco Antonio (Padre)
Revillagigedo
Rivera Guadian, Juan Francisco (Fray)
Places
Colorado (Rio)
San Francisco Moqui
Nochi
Pimeria Alta
Gila (Rio)
Saric
Tubutama
Ati
Caborca
Ures
Tecoripa
Tucson (Tueson)
Arispe
Cieneguilla
Tumacacori
San Xavier
Santa Maria Suanca
Terrenate
San Luis (Valle)
Guevavi
Calabasas
Cocospera
Imuris
Magdalena
San Ignacio
Altar
Santa Teresa
Oquitoa
Pitiqui
Bisaniq
Tepoca
Isla Tiburon
Yaqui (Rio)
California
San Antonio de la Huerta (Real)
Aigame (Aygame)
Bacanuchi
Chinapa
Banamichi
Ures
San Carlos de Sonora (Real)
Taraychi
Nuri
Onavas
Tecoripa
Suaqui
Buenavista
Cumuripa
Belen
San Jose
Santa Rosalia
Nacameri
Santa Barbara (Canal)
Guachinera
Opatu (Opulo)
Guasavas
Bavispe
San Gabriel
Monterrey (Monte Rey)
New Mexico
Guaymas
Alamos
Oposura
Queretaro, Colegio de Propaganda Fide de la Santa Cruz de
Ethnic Groups
Apaches
Tiburones
Seris
Papagos
Tipocas
Vijoras (Nixoras)
Pimas
Yaquis
Opatas
Pimas Gilenos
Yumas
nochis
Jamajovas
Moquis
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 033 ff. 529-544 exp. 5
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 033 ff. 529-544 exp. 5
Language
Spanish
Reference Number
3300017
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Font
Crespo
Garces
Moyano
Neve
Guillen
Guemes y Horcasitas
Barbastro
Revillagigedo
Rivera Guadian
Beginning Date Month
December
Beginning Date (repacked)
12-01-1793
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/5212
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Jaime Bravo to Ignacio Maria Napoli letter-supplies to California missions.

Serial Number
040-00491
Title
Jaime Bravo to Ignacio Maria Napoli letter-supplies to California missions.
Author(s)
Bravo, Jaime
Date
11-25-1739
Documentation
Loreto. November 25, 1739. Copy. Signed. Phototstat.
Summary
Because of wind, ship unable to sail. Food situation California critical-people soon will have to search for food in bush (Monte). Without help, risk of defection, disease. (T. Sheridan) (1976)
Persons
Bartolome (Padre)
Bravo, Jaime
Napoli, Ignacio Maria
First Location
CU-BANC. M-A 0001 Agn-Hist-392-Pt.-2 ff. 0258-
Original Location
AGN, Mexico, Historia, Leg. 0392
Other Location
CU-BANC. C-B 840 (Bolton Col.) no. 0312 (English Digest)
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
1977
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Bartolome
Bravo
Napoli
Beginning Date Month
November
Beginning Date (repacked)
11-25-1739
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/4035
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
General Subjects
Collections
Rights
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Mission de nuestro Santo Padre Ignacio de Mayo y hiaqui (Yaqui) annuas 1653.

Serial Number
040-00147
Title
Mission de nuestro Santo Padre Ignacio de Mayo y hiaqui (Yaqui) annuas 1653.
Date
00-00-1653
Documentation
N.p. n.d. transcription.
Summary
7 missionaries among 15 pueblos, 14,000 souls. Gives number baptisms, marriages Partido Santa Cruz, Etzohoa, Partido Nabahoa (Navajoa), Cuinmpo, Partido Tesca, Cayamoa, Partido Tepaui, Conicari, Macoyaui, Partido Bacon (Bacum) Cocorim (Cocorit); Partido Torim, Vicam; Partido Potam, Rahum. Mentions widespread hunger, especially in Tesca, Cayamoa, Potam, Rahum, reversion to wild food gathering. (T. Sheridan) (1976)
Places
Santa Cruz
Etzohoa
Nabahoa (Navajoa)
Cuinmpo
Tesca (Partido)
Cayamoa
Tepaui
Conicari
Macoyaui
Bacon (Bacum) (Partido)
Torim (Partido)
Vicam
Potam (Partido)
Rahum
Ethnic Groups
Yaquis
Mayos
First Location
CU-BANC. C-B 840 (Bolton Col.) no. 0265 pp. 0393-0396 Transcpt
Original Location
AGN, Mexico, Misiones, Leg. 0026
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
1880
UAIR Filtering Fields
Beginning Date (repacked)
1653
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/3761
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
General Subjects
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Diego Vander Zype puntos sacados del annua 1641 de la mission San Ignacio, provincia de Cinaloa.

Serial Number
040-00121
Title
Diego Vander Zype puntos sacados del annua 1641 de la mission San Ignacio, provincia de Cinaloa.
Author(s)
Vander Zype, Diego
Date
00-00-1641
Documentation
N.p. n.d. signed. Transcript.
Summary
Notes many deaths, continuing hunger, failure rivers, wells resulting in poor harvests. States people had to go to sea, mountains, Mescal fields (agave) to search for food, that many priests followed them to administer sacraments. Notes instances sorcery, witchcraft. Gives number baptisms, marriages. Rapid reversion to wild food sources, including agave, when crops fail. (T. Sheridan) (1976)
Persons
Vander Zype, Diego
First Location
CU-BANC. C-B 840 (Bolton Col.) no. 0262 pp. 0969-0970 Transcpt
Original Location
AGN, Mexico, Misiones, Leg. 0025
Language
Spanish
Notes
Xerox
Batch Reference Number
1865
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Vander Zype
Beginning Date (repacked)
1641
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/3735
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
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Juan Varela misiones de la provincia de Cinaloa.

Serial Number
040-00094
Title
Juan Varela misiones de la provincia de Cinaloa.
Author(s)
Varela, Juan
Date
02-16-1628
Documentation
Villa de Cinaloa. February 16, 1628. Signed. Transcript.
Summary
12 priests misiones de San Ignacio. Discusses reduction Nebomes-their previous hostility, difficulty conquering them in mountain strongholds; execution, exile rebellious leaders. Notes presence Nebome village outside Villa de Sinaloa, similarity language to Tepehuan. Mentions Llayemas (Guaymas?), people of ocean, islands with difficult language, some of whom given town, land along Rio Yaqui, ministered to by fr. Mendez (probably Seris). Notes desire Aibinos, Matapas, Toapas, Batucas, Sisivotaris for missionaries, help given to Spaniards during Nebome disturbances. Notes conversion, peaceful existence Chinipas. Describes festival holy Sacrament held along Rio Mayo, attended by Spaniards, many Indians from all the rivers. Notes Indians observance holy week. Describes mass held on beach for 400 Indian fishermen, reasons why large number other Indians were not allowed to fish-some were gravediggers; others' wives had died; others' wives were menstruating. Indians stated that if those prohibited to fish entered Canals, traps (Carrizos), no fish would be caught. Priest denounced prohibitions as devilish, all joined, fishing great success. Fishing techniques included Canals, Carrizo traps, arrows, lances. Fish salted. States province has enjoyed years of prosperity, plenty of food, that people learning to plant wheat, don't have to forage in mountains anymore. Notes number baptisms, marriages. (T. Sheridan) (1976)
Persons
Martinez de Hurdaide, Diego (General)
Bandersipe, Diego de (Padre)
Varela, Julio (Padre)
Mendez, Pedro (Padre)
Bonifaz, Luis de (Padre)
Places
Mayo (Rio)
Yaqui (Rio)
Nebome (Rio)
Sinaloa (Villa)
Ethnic Groups
Nebomes
Tepehuanes
Llayemas (Guaymas?)
Seris
Aibinos
Matapas
Toapas
Batucas
Sisivotaris
Chinipas
First Location
CU-BANC. C-B 840 (Bolton Col.) no. 0262 pp. 0824-0838 Transcpt
Original Location
AGN, Mexico, Misiones, Leg. 0025
Language
Spanish
Notes
Xerox
Batch Reference Number
1855
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Martinez de Hurdaide
Bandersipe
Varela
Mendez
Bonifaz
Beginning Date Month
February
Beginning Date (repacked)
02-16-1628
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/3712
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Juan lorencio carta anua de la provincia de Nueva Espana de, 1625.

Serial Number
040-00091
Title
Juan lorencio carta anua de la provincia de Nueva Espana de, 1625.
Author(s)
Lorencio, Juan
Date
06-02-1626
Documentation
Mexico. June 2, 1626. Signed. Transcript.
Summary
Account various Cases witchcraft, including one where devil appeared to Indian cowboy as Mulatto. Mentions Hurdaide's successful efforts to reduce Indians in mountains, including some Chinipas, Guacapares, Taraumaros (Tarahumaras), who are now friends of Spaniards after Hurdaide foiled attempt by some Coes to enlist mountain Indians (Cimarrones) in attempt to murder frs. Castini and Pasqual. Also notes great hunger in province, abandonment entire towns because Indians left to forage for wild foods. Chinipas, Guacapares probably warihio groups. (T. Sheridan) (1976)
Persons
Martinez de Hurdaide, Diego
Castini, Juan (Padre)
Pasqual, Julio (Padre)
Places
Mayo (Rio)
Ethnic Groups
Chinipas (Warihios ?)
Guacapares (Warihios ?)
Taraumaros (Tarahumaras)
Coes
Cimarrones
First Location
CU-BANC. C-B 840 (Bolton Col.) no. 0262 pp. 0587-0654 Transcpt
Original Location
AGN, Mexico, Misiones, Leg. 0025
Language
Spanish
Notes
Possible xerox
Batch Reference Number
1850
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Martinez de Hurdaide
Castini
Pasqual
Beginning Date Month
June
Beginning Date (repacked)
06-02-1626
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/3709
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

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