Hunting And Gathering

Correspondence re: relations with Apaches and various naciones del norte.

Serial Number
041-01573
Title
Correspondence re: relations with Apaches and various naciones del norte.
Author(s)
Croix, Cavallero de
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo
Cabello, Domingo (Gobernador)
and others
Date
12-09-1777
Date
10-04-1778
Documentation
Coahuila, Monclova. September 30, 1784. 60p. Testimonios. Signed, copy.
Summary
Copy of testimonios from juntas de guerra re: puntos de conferencia and response to puntos. Detailed background information about numbers of Indians, location, livelihood, intertribal alliances and kinship, sources and types of weapons, etc. Suggestions for best course of action in subduing Apache groups, gaining alliances with naciones del norte. Warning that any alliance with Lipanes against Indians del norte would be harmful; previous peace with Lipanes has been deceptive. Discussion of troops necessary to protect frontiers and strategy for deployment. (D. Uhlman, July 1988)
Persons
Cabello, Domingo (Gobernador)
Croix, Theodoro de (Comandante General)
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo (Coronel)
Ugalde, Juan (Coronel)
Rodriguez, Vicente (Teniente Coronel Retirado)
Bonilla, Antonio (Ayudante Inspector)
Martinez Pacheco, Rafael (Capitan)
Martinez, Francisco (Capitan)
Serrano, Juan Antonio (Capitan)
Borica, Diego de (Capitan)
Diaz, Domingo (Capitan)
Merino, Manuel (Alferez)
Xavierillo
Croix, Cavallero de
Poca Ropa (Capitan Lipan)
Galbes, Jose de
Ripperda, Baron de (Coronel)
Cazorla, Luis
Merino y Moreno, Manuel (Secretario de la Junta)
Cerecedo y Velasco, Manuel de (Capitan)
Tovar, Francisco (Capitan)
Ramires, Pedro (Padre Presidente)
Mesieres, Atanacio de (Comandante)
O-Reilly, Conde de (Teniente General)
Galbes, Bernardo de (Gobernador)
Rubio, Jose (Comandante Inspector)
Fermin de Mendinueta, Pedro (Gobernador)
Barri, Phelipe (Teniente Coronel)
Ansa, Juan Bautista de (Teniente Coronel)
Navarro, Pedro (Auditor General)
Messieres, Atanacio de (Teniente Coronel)
Crespo, Francisco (Coronel)
Corbalan, Pedro (Gobernador Intendente)
Oconor, Hugo (Brigadier)
Rubi, Marques de
Esparza, Antonio de (Capitan)
Places
Texas
Nuevo Santander
Nuevo Leon
Saltillo (Poblacion)
Parras (Poblacion)
Nueba Viscaya
Babia (Presidio)
Rio Grande (Presidio)
Coahuila
Rio Grande del Norte
Monclova (Presidio)
San Juan Baptista (Presidio)
Aguaberde, Santa Rosa de (Presidio)
Nogalera (Paraje)
El Paso (Pueblo)
Mapimi (Bolson)
Gila (Sierras)
Mimbres (Sierras)
Sonora
San Sabas (Presidio)
Blanca (Sierra)
Obscura (Sierra)
Sacramento (Sierra)
Cola del Aguila (Sierra)
Diablo (Sierra)
Guadalupe (Sierra)
Puerco (Rio)
Rio Grande del Norte
San Pedro (Rio)
San Carlos (Presidio)
Pino (Sierra)
Nueces (Ojo)
Agua Amargosa (Ojo)
San Sabas (Canon)
Movano (Sierra)
Nuebo Mexico
San Juan Baptista de Rio Grande (Presidio)
Bexar, San Antonio de (Presidio)
Chihuahua (Villa)
Santa Rosa (Valle)
San Jose (Paraje)
Santa Rita (Ojo de Agua)
San Fernando (Villa Nueva)
Quatro Cienegas
Sardinas
Carmen (Hacienda)
Valladares, Santiago (Pueblo)
Alamo (Hacienda)
Tapado (Rancho)
Anhelo
Hoya (Noria)
Laredo (Pueblo)
Monclova, Santiago de la (Villa)
Potrerillos (Minas)
Espiritu Santo (Mision)
Espiritu Santo, Bahia del (Presidio)
Natchitoches (Presidio)
Durango
Luiciana (Provincia)
Janos (Presidio)
San Elceario (Presidio)
Alburquerque (Pueblo)
California
Santa Cruz (Presidio)
Terrenate (Presidio)
San Bernadino (Presidio)
Fronteras (Presidio)
Chiricagui (Sierra)
San Buenabentura (Presidio)
Principe (Presidio)
Santa Rosa (Presidio)
Palominas (Vado)
Colorado (Rio)
Gila (Rio)
Norte (Presidio)
Ethnic Groups
Apaches Lipanes de Arriba
Apaches Lipanes de Abajo
Mescaleros
Natages
Lipiyanes
Faraones
Nabajos
Gilenos
Comanches
Taguayazes
Taguacanes
Texas
Vidais
Orcoquisas
Yutas
Xaranames
Carancaguazes
Yscanis
Guitchas
Tancagues
Ayzes
Aguages
Guazas
Atacapas
Yamparicas
Gente de Palo
Come Cibolos
Jumanes
Franceses
Yngleses
Military Groups
Primera Compania Volante de la expedicion
Santa Rosa, Primera Compania de la Legion del Principe En El Valle de
Quatro Cienegas, Segunda Compania En
Coahuila, Tercera Compania de
Compania Franca de Voluntarios
Compania Volante
Compania de Dragones
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 064 ff. 056-086 exp. 1
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 064 ff. 056-086 exp. 1
Language
Spanish
Notes
Appears in indice del ramo as exp. 2
Reference Number
6400002
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Croix
Ugarte y Loyola
Cabello
Cabello
Person Last Name
Cabello
Croix
Ugarte y Loyola
Ugalde
Rodriguez
Bonilla
Martinez Pacheco
Martinez
Serrano
Borica
Diaz
Merino
Xavierillo
Croix
Poca Ropa
Galbes
Ripperda
Cazorla
Merino y Moreno
Cerecedo y Velasco
Tovar
Ramires
Mesieres
O-Reilly
Galbes
Rubio
Fermin de Mendinueta
Barri
Ansa
Navarro
Messieres
Crespo
Corbalan
Oconor
Rubi
Esparza
Beginning Date Month
December
End Date Month
October
Beginning Date (repacked)
12-09-1777
End Date (repacked)
10-04-1778
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/5920
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
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Letters from Pineda to Croix concerning Indian attacks, arrival of priest, and soldier's subsistence needs.

Serial Number
041-01187
Title
Letters from Pineda to Croix concerning Indian attacks, arrival of priest, and soldier's subsistence needs.
Author(s)
Pineda, Juan de (Gobernador)
Date
03-07-1768
Date
05-26-1768
Documentation
Buenavista. March 7, 1768. 86p. Letter. Original. Signed.
Summary
Pineda informs Croix of Indian raids. Preparation to attack Indians in Nopalera. Anza kills female Sibubapa, takes male captive, recovers 80 horses, and reports small quantity of water in Nopalera. Sibubapas attack Yecora, killing 5 including one Spaniard. A Spaniard, Leron, accompanied group of drunken Indians. Indians raid Ostimuri; Rio Chico soldiers kill 5 of them, Taraumaras kill 3 more. Apaches take 90 horses from Visani. Altar soldiers kill 1 Seri, send 7 captives to Pitic. More than 100 Indians take 202 horses from Pitic. Friendly Pimas urged to fight Apaches; 27 Apaches are killed. Oliba and 60 soldiers patrol Cerro Prieto. Enemy Indians move away from Nopalera looking for water and cactus fruits. Urrea, Cancio and Elizondo ordered to strike rebel Indians from 3 different places. Indians steal horses from Guaymas. Fronteras' soldiers attack Indian in Cara Pintada, recovering 43 horses. Apaches attack soldiers in Saracachi, killing 1 black person, and take horses. Pineda informs Croix of priest's arrival from Querataro; he will provide horses and food. pertrechos de guerra and soldiers arrive at Guaymas. Pineda informs Croix of need for food, clothes, arms, and salaries for himself and soldiers. Merchants in Mexico refuse to send things unless they receive partial payment. (J. Tapia, July, 1987).
Persons
Olibas, Juan Maria (Teniente)
Elizondo, Domingo (Teniente)
Anza, Juan Baptista (Capitan)
Pineda, Juan de (Gobernador)
Croix, Carlos Francisco de (Virrey)
Corbalan, Pedro (Comisario)
Leron, Ignacio
Bergoza, Juan Joseph (Capitan)
Vildosola, Joseph Antonio (Capitan)
Meave, Ambrosio de
Calderon Gonzalez, Jose
Cancio, Lorenzo (Capitan)
Palomino, Joseph (Padre)
Places
Nopalera (Cajon)
Buenavista (Presidio)
Pitic (Presidio)
Zerro Prieto
Abispas (Paraje)
Cosari (Cajon)
Conejos (Cajon)
Pitic (Rio)
Guaimas, San Antonio de
Bacun (Pueblo)
Bayoreca
Hiaqui (Rio)
Durango
Oshmuri (Provincia)
Guisamopa del Pilar (Rincon)
Taraumara (Sierra)
Yecora (Pueblo)
Babaroco (Barranca)
Guadalupe (Pueblo)
Nuri (Pueblo)
Rio Chico (Pueblo)
Tesopaco (Pueblo)
Bisani
Belem
Queretaro
Tecoripa (Pueblo)
Zasechi (Puesto)
San Fernando
Jalisco
Lobos (Isla)
Sonora (Rio)
Tubac (Presidio)
Guirivis (Pueblo)
Piedra Lisa (Cajon)
Saracachi
Tepache
Terapa
Nacarobi
Mazatlan (Puerto)
Loreto
Cara Pintada
Altar
Ethnic Groups
Seris
Pimas
Sibubapas
Taraumaras
Apaches
Negros
Mexicanos
Military Groups
Tropa Veterana
Compania Volante
Dragones
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 047 ff. 350-394
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 047 ff. 350-394
Language
Spanish
Notes
Out of order, water stained, duplication of pages
Reference Number
4700012
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Olibas
Elizondo
Anza
Pineda
Croix
Corbalan
Leron
Bergoza
Vildosola
Meave
Calderon Gonzalez
Cancio
Palomino
Beginning Date Month
March
End Date Month
May
Beginning Date (repacked)
03-07-1768
End Date (repacked)
05-26-1768
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/5534
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
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Correspondence of governor Fayni and viceroy Bucareli

Serial Number
041-01121
Title
Correspondence of governor Fayni and viceroy Bucareli
Author(s)
Fayni, Josef
Bucareli y Ursua, Antonio Maria
Date
08-05-1775
Date
08-15-1775
Documentation
Mexico/Durango. August 5 and 15, 1775. 5p. Letter, orginal, signed
Summary
Concerns recent Indian raids and appearance of a Spanish youth (age 16) who has escaped from Apaches; Perez describes his life during two and a half year captivity that he has suffered; he notes many details about Apache daily life; including; bison and deer hunting; use of skin clothing and lack of corn. (J. Williams, March 1987)
Persons
Fayni, Josef
San Pedro del Alamo (Conde)
Perez, Eusebio Miguel
Places
Cuencame
Ynde (Real)
Colorado (Rio)
Mojada (Sierra)
Ethnic Groups
Apaches
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 043 ff. 364-366
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 043 ff. 364-366
Language
Spanish
Reference Number
4300069
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Fayni
Bucareli y Ursua
Person Last Name
Fayni
San Pedro
Perez
Beginning Date Month
August
End Date Month
August
Beginning Date (repacked)
08-05-1775
End Date (repacked)
08-15-1775
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/5468
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
General Subjects
Collections
Rights
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Request and report on new methods of spiritual and temporal governing of missions of province and related correspondence

Serial Number
041-01084
Title
Request and report on new methods of spiritual and temporal governing of missions of province and related correspondence
Author(s)
Fayni, Josef
Bucareli y Urusa, Antonio Maria
Arespacoachaga, Josef
Soior Zano, Anttonio
Date
05-01-1773
Date
07-12-1773
Documentation
Mexico, Durango. May 1, July 12, 1773. 85p. Informe, draft. Original, copy
Summary
Very detailed report on current condition of missions of Nueva Vizcaya, and new political regime being implemented for their governing; includes notes on doctrinas and missions; religious services rendered to Indians; conduct of missionaries; crops grown; application of civil laws; various community rights; economic conditions; record keeping related to livestock, people etc.; apostates; immorality of Indians; idolatry and its relation to crimes; places apostates inhabit; settlement dispersal in province; congregation of Indians in select reducciones; passport for Indian travel; work of Indians outside missions; care required to prevent desertion of mission Indians; learning of trades; continued hunting and gathering; work of women; various kinds of contamination by outsiders; housing descriptions of mission and non-mission Indians; irrigation; household furnishings; Indian Christian customs; failure to fully acculturate; Indian custom of eating horses; diseases; work at mines; cessation of custom of having yndios de mita in forced repartamiento labor; vagabondage; Spanish language instruction; cesarean medical operation; desertion; pulque consumption; disease resulting in depopulation. (J. Williams, March 1987)
Persons
Fayni, Josef
Bucareli y Ursua, Antonio Maria (Frey)
Quiroga, Basco
Phelipe Tercero (Rey)
Croix, Marques de
Felix (Indio)
Luca (Indio)
Manco, Ignacio (Hechicero)
Florentina (Hechicera)
Viexa, Juan (Indio)
Xavier (Governador del Pueblo de Concepcion) Arespacochaga, Josef
Arriola, Diego Francisco (Indio)
Soior Zano, Anttonio
Places
Canatlan (Pueblo)
Nueva Vizcaya
Mexico
Durango
Sierra Madre
Sinaloa
Michoacan
Analco, San Juan
Nueva Galicia
Jalisco
Aranjuez
Batolipas
Tubares (Pueblos de)
Tubares, San Ygnacio (Pueblo)
Tubares, Concepcion (Pueblo)
Ethnic Groups
Taraumares
Tepehuanes Altos
Tepehuanes
Negros
Mulatos
Lobos
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 043 ff. 148-190
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 043 ff. 148-190
Language
Spanish
Notes
Marked expediente 2,organized as paper of points, includes letter copied into report by various earlier colonial officials (including marques de Croix and borbolla), out of order, consists of 69 numbered paragraphs.
Reference Number
4300032
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Fayni
Bucareli y Urusa
Arespacoachaga
Arespacoachaga
Person Last Name
Fayni
Bucareli y Ursua
Quiroga
Phelipe Tercero
Croix
Felix
Luca
Manco
Florentina
Viexa
Xavier Arespacochaga
Arriola
Soior Zano
Beginning Date Month
May
End Date Month
July
Beginning Date (repacked)
05-01-1773
End Date (repacked)
07-12-1773
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/5431
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Fray Pedro Zambrana al capitan. Los indios son maltratados.

Serial Number
041-00886
Title
Fray Pedro Zambrana al capitan. Los indios son maltratados.
Author(s)
Zambrana, Pedro (O.F.M.)
Date
11-06-1639
Documentation
Nuevo Mexico. November 6, 1636. 2p. Letter. Transcription.
Summary
States that the Indians receive in exchange for six fanegas of Pinon only one cow, which is worth only three pesos in that area. This is unfair due to the great distances they must travel to gather Pinones (60 leagues) and also due to the great risk involved from the enemy. (R. Perez) (1977)
Persons
Zambrana, Pedro (O.F.M.)
Martinez de Baeza, Francisco (Gobernador)
Places
Nuevo Mexico (Provincia)
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 035 ff. 089-090
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 035 ff. 089-090
Language
Spanish
Reference Number
3500010
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Zambrana
Martinez de Baeza
Beginning Date Month
November
Beginning Date (repacked)
11-06-1639
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/5233
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
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Letters of governor Guitierrez to viceroy Conde de Revilla Gigedo, with draft responses and related petition

Serial Number
041-00608
Title
Letters of governor Guitierrez to viceroy Conde de Revilla Gigedo, with draft responses and related petition
Author(s)
Guiterrez de la Cueva, Juan
Rodriguez, Francisco Xavier
Revilla Gigedo (Conde)
Date
12-09-1792
Date
03-27-1793
Documentation
Monclova/San Bernardo/San Fernando. December 9, 1792 - March 27 1793. 22p. Letter, draft. Original, signed
Summary
Concerns negotiations for peace with Lipan Apaches (who were then hunting bison); proclamations on marriage; case of Menchaca case of Rodriguez. Rodriquez includes a petition in which he explains why he feels he has been unjustly treated by royal office in province; petition contains interesting details on daily life. (J. Williams, February 1987)
Persons
Guitierrez de la Cueva, Juan
Revilla Gigedo (Virrey)
Rodriguez, Francisco Xavier
Nava, Pedro
Antonio, Jose (Indio Lipan)
Chiquito (Capitan)
Sierra Gorda (Conde)
Menchqaca, Jose (Teniente Comandante)
Emparan, Miguel (Gobernador)
Mandonado, Feliciana
Aguirre, Juan
Castro, Ramon
Castenada (Soldado)
Prado, Francisco (Juez)
Places
San Bernardo
San Fernando (Villa)
Santa Rosa (Valle)
Monclova
Coahuila
Ethnic Groups
Lipanes
Lipanas
Lipiyanes
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 024 ff. 486-500
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 024 ff. 486-500
Language
Spanish
Reference Number
2400170
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Guiterrez de la Cueva
Rodriguez
Person Last Name
Guitierrez de la Cueva
Revilla Gigedo
Rodriguez
Nava
Antonio
Chiquito
Sierra Menchqaca
Emparan
Mandonado
Aguirre
Castro
Castenada
Prado
Beginning Date Month
December
End Date Month
March
Beginning Date (repacked)
12-09-1792
End Date (repacked)
03-27-1793
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/4954
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
General Subjects
Collections
Rights
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Letters of governor Emparan to viceroy Revilla Gigedo

Serial Number
041-00596
Title
Letters of governor Emparan to viceroy Revilla Gigedo
Author(s)
Emparan, Miguel Jose
Date
11-01-1790
Date
12-09-1790
Documentation
Monclova. November 1 - December 9, 1790. 9p. Letter. Original, signed
Summary
Concerns various matters involving governing of Coahuila; mostly letters declaring reception of viceroy's orders; including; expenses connected with assumption of command by Nava; a declaration of war of July 6; forwarding of documents to archivo de la commandancia general on livestock of Bexar and passing information on to Munoz; an inspection of north eastern frontier by Nava; on providing information to Nava on Indian problem; recent military actions taken by presidio of Rio Grande, subsequent peace; notes Apache bison hunting. (J. Williams, February 1987)
Persons
Nava, Pedro (Comandante General)
Emparan, Miguel Jose
Revilla Gigedo (Conde)(Virrey)
Alangel, Campo del (Conde)(Secretario del Estado)
Croix (Cavallero)
Echegaray, Jose Maria (Capitan)
Ugalde Juan (Brigadero)
Munoz, Manuel (Teniente Coronel)
Places
Monclova
Bejar, San Antonio
Rio Grande (Presidio)
Ethnic Groups
Lipanes
Mescaleros
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 024 ff. 371-377
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 024 ff. 371-377
Language
Spanish
Notes
Letter # 56 badly fadded
Reference Number
2400158
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Nava
Emparan
Alangel
Croix
Echegaray
Ugalde Juan
Munoz
Beginning Date Month
November
End Date Month
December
Beginning Date (repacked)
11-01-1790
End Date (repacked)
12-09-1790
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/4942
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
General Subjects
Collections
Rights
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Commentaries of fiscal on Riperda's proposal to trade arms with Indians in Texas.

Serial Number
041-00334
Title
Commentaries of fiscal on Riperda's proposal to trade arms with Indians in Texas.
Date
00-00-0000
Documentation
Mexico. July 31, 177?. 6p. Consulta.
Summary
Commentaries and opinions of fiscal about proposals of Riperda to trade weapons with Indians of Texas. Riperda claims it is only way to keep them from dealing with French and English. Fiscal questions peacefulness and loyalty of Indian groups in question and notes that their barbarous way of life (hunting and trapping) is not conducive to christianization or peaceful relations with Spaniards. Recommends strongly that they be settled and taught agriculture. (T. Cederstrom, October 1986)
Persons
Riperda, Baron de
Areche (Fiscal?)
Places
Misisipi (Rio)
Luysiana
Misuri (Rio)
Nuevo Mexico
Texas
Ethnic Groups
Cadodachos
Ingleses
Franceses
Apaches
Osages
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 020 ff. 170-173
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 020 ff. 170-173
Language
Spanish
Notes
Note on last page by compiler of Vol. 20 that exp. 4 concludes with this document.
Reference Number
2000009
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Riperda
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/4680
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

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