Indians (Conversion)

Marques de Altamira al virrey. Informe concerning San Xavier missions.

Serial Number
210-00055
Title
Marques de Altamira al virrey. Informe concerning San Xavier missions.
Author(s)
Altamira, Marques de
Date
01-30-1750
Documentation
Mexico. January 30, 1750. Informe. Photostat of copy.
Summary
Auditor marques de Altamira (pp.107-114) states Spaniards must protect 3 missions along Rio San Xavier in order to set good example for Indians. Mentions that Indians of San Ildefonso had fled that mission. States 48 soldiers to be detached from 6 presidios (San Juan Bautista, Espiritu Santo, San Antonio, Coahuila, Sacramento, Adaes), stationed among new missions. Fiscal's informe (1/7/1750) on San Xavier missions also included (pp.100-107). (T. Sheridan) (1977)
Persons
Barrio Junco y Espriella, Pedro del (Gobernador de Texas)
Altamira, Marques de (Auditor)
Places
San Xavier (Rio)
Espiritu Santo (Bahia, Presidio)
Adaes (Presidio)
Texas (Provincia)
San Xavier (Mision)
San Ildefonso (Mision)
Nuestra Senora de Candelaria (Mision)
San Juan Bautista del Rio Grande (Presidio)
San Antonio Bexar (Presidio)
Coahuila (Presidio)
Sacramento (Presidio)
First Location
TXU, Tex. Hist. Ctr. Arch. S. Fran. El grande 2q248 835 v. 004 pp. 100-114
Original Location
BNM, Mexico, Arch. S. Fran. El Grande
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
4635
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Barrio Junco y Espriella
Altamira
Beginning Date Month
January
Beginning Date (repacked)
01-30-1750
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/15975
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Gobernador Pedro del Barrio Junco y Espriella al virrey. 2 letters concerning state of San Xavier missions.

Serial Number
210-00054
Title
Gobernador Pedro del Barrio Junco y Espriella al virrey. 2 letters concerning state of San Xavier missions.
Author(s)
Barrio Junco y Espriella, Pedro del (Gobernador)
Date
07-20-1749
Date
08-10-1749
Documentation
Adaes; San Fernando de Bexar. July 20-August 10, 1749. Letter. Photostat of copies.
Summary
2 unfavorable letters concerning new missions of San Xavier. First (7/20/1749) notes murder of 2 soldiers, theft of horseherd at hands of Apaches. States that River either floods everyone out or dries up. Claims that despite holy zeal of missionaries, Indians didn't want to work or sow fields, but instead pursue trade between French and Spanish, moving on to Adaes, finds many buildings in ruins, not repaired because of lack of people. In second letter (8/10/1749), points out lack of land, water, Indians in San Xavier area. (T. Sheridan) (1977)
Persons
Barrio Junco y Espriella, Pedro del (Gobernador de Texas)
Places
Espiritu Santo (Presidio, Bahia)
Adaes (Presidio, Capital de Texas)
San Xavier (Misiones)
San Antonio (Presidio)
San Fernando de Bexar (Villa)
Texas (Provincia)
Ethnic Groups
Apaches
Texas
Franceses
First Location
TXU, Tex. Hist. Ctr. Arch. S. Fran. El grande 2q248 835 v. 004 pp. 095-100
Original Location
BNM, Mexico, Arch. S. Fran. El Grande
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
4634
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Barrio Junco y Espriella
Beginning Date Month
July
End Date Month
August
Beginning Date (repacked)
07-20-1749
End Date (repacked)
08-10-1749
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/15974
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Capitan Joaquin Orobio y Bastherra al virrey. Concerns horcoquiza indians' request for reduccion missionization.

Serial Number
210-00048
Title
Capitan Joaquin Orobio y Bastherra al virrey. Concerns horcoquiza indians' request for reduccion missionization.
Author(s)
Orobio y Bastherra, Joaquin (Capitan)
Date
11-01-1747
Documentation
Bahia presidio. November 1, 1747. Copy.
Summary
Capitan Orobio y Bastherra informs virrey of request by Horcoquiza Indians to be reduced, missionized. States Horcoquizas consist of 5 pueblos, o rancherias, totaling 300 families. Notes their location along Rios Trinidad, Naeches, Sabinas. States these Indians trade on annual Basis with French. (T. Sheridan) (1977)
Persons
Orobio y Bastherra, Joaquin (Capitan de Bahia Presidio)
Places
Bahia del Espiritu Santo (Presidio)
Brazos (Rio)
Trinidad (Rio)
Naeches (Rio)
Sabinas (Rio)
Mississippi (Rio)
Ethnic Groups
Horcoquizas
Pachinas
Franceses
First Location
TXU, Tex. Hist. Ctr. Arch. S. Fran. El grande 2q248 835 v. 019 pp. 082-084
Original Location
BNM, Mexico, Arch. S. Fran. El Grande
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
4671
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Orobio y Bastherra
Beginning Date Month
November
Beginning Date (repacked)
11-01-1747
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/15968
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Fiscal al virrey. Informe concerning proposed move of Sacramento presidio from Coahuila to Texas.

Serial Number
210-00047
Title
Fiscal al virrey. Informe concerning proposed move of Sacramento presidio from Coahuila to Texas.
Date
10-28-1746
Documentation
Mexico. October 28, 1746. Informe. Copy.
Summary
Concerning Franciscan request that Sacramento presidio be moved from Coahuila to Rio San Xavier in Texas, fiscal agrees that Indians (See 201) should be reduced, especially since they Volunteered for missionization, but that Sacramento presidio should not be moved. (T. Sheridan) (1977)
Places
San Xavier (Rio)
Navidacho (Pueblo)
Anais (Pueblo)
Sacramento (Presidio)
Espiritu Santo (Bahia)
Coahuila (Presidio)
San Fernando (Villa)
Texas (Provincia)
Ethnic Groups
Deadoces
Yojuanes
Mayeyes
Navajos
Texas
First Location
TXU, Tex. Hist. Ctr. Arch. S. Fran. El grande 2q248 835 v. 019 pp. 077-082
Original Location
BNM, Mexico, Arch. S. Fran. El Grande
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
4670
UAIR Filtering Fields
Beginning Date Month
October
Beginning Date (repacked)
10-28-1746
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/15967
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
General Subjects
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Gobernador Fernando Perez de Almazan al virrey. Letter concerning conditions in provincia de Texas.

Serial Number
210-00039
Title
Gobernador Fernando Perez de Almazan al virrey. Letter concerning conditions in provincia de Texas.
Author(s)
Perez de Almazan, Fernando (Gobernador)
Date
10-24-1724
Documentation
San Antonio de Valero. October 24, 1724. Letter. Copy.
Summary
Responding to charges of fray Gonzalez of widespread corruption, inefficiency in Texas presidios, including use of untrained boys as soldiers, use of soldiers as laborers in personal haciendas of presidial captains, exorbitantly high prices of goods sold to presidial soldiers, lack of support for missionary Apache reduccion program, etc., Almazan informs virrey some scandals exist but he's trying to correct them. Concerning Apache reduccion, both he and fray Gonzalez advocate formation of company of 60-70 soldiers taken from Bahia del Espiritu Santo, San Antonio, Coahuila, Rio Grande del Norte presidios, who would first try to continue peace negotiations by carrying gifts to Apaches. Adaes presidial company too occupied in affairs along French frontier to participate. Does not feel San Antonio presidio should be moved next to mission, because both soldiers, Indians need room for their cattle, fields and conflicts would result if they were next to each other. Notes difficulty in communicating with Adaes presidio because of rivers in flood. Good document for presidial information. (T. Sheridan) (1977)
Persons
Gonzalez, Joseph (Fray) (OFM)
Perez de Almazan, Fernando (Gobernador de Texas)
Flores, Nicolas (Capitan de San Antonio Presidio)
Places
Sabinas (Rio)
San Antonio de Valero (Presidio)
Adaes (Presidio)
Espiritu Santo (Presidio)
Coahuila (Presidio)
Rio Grande del Norte (Presidio)
Colorado (Rio)
Texas (Provincia)
Espiritu Santo (Bahia)
Ethnic Groups
Apaches
First Location
TXU, Tex. Hist. Ctr. Arch. S. Fran. El grande 2q248 835 v. 010 pp. 137-144
Original Location
BNM, Mexico, Arch. S. Fran. El Grande
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
4663
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Gonzalez
Perez de Almazan
Flores
Beginning Date Month
October
Beginning Date (repacked)
10-24-1724
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/15959
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Fray Francisco Hidalgo and fray Manuel Castellano al padre fray Pedro Mesquia. Letter from Franciscans in Texas noting need for military escort of 100 soldiers.

Serial Number
210-00023
Title
Fray Francisco Hidalgo and fray Manuel Castellano al padre fray Pedro Mesquia. Letter from Franciscans in Texas noting need for military escort of 100 soldiers.
Author(s)
Hidalgo, Francisco (Fray)
Castellano, Manuel (Fray)
Date
10-06-1716
Documentation
N.p. October 6, 1716. Copy.
Summary
Franciscans discuss Texas Indian tribes they are attempting to missionize, including Texas Indians, who are described as ydolattras, tienen Casas de adoracion, y el Fuego Perpetuo en la Casa Principal del ydolo (pg. 189). Request detachment of 100 soldiers be stationed among them. (T. Sheridan) (1977)
Persons
Sanchez, Benito (OFM)
Margil, Antonio (OFM)
Ramon, Domingo (Capitan)
Hidalgo, Francisco (Fray)
Castellano, Manuel (Fray)
Mesquia, Pedro (Padre)
Places
San Francisco de los Texas (Mision)
Texas (Provincia)
Ethnic Groups
Nabeidachos
Neichas
Nacahaos
Naconos
Cadodachos
Nacitos
Nadecos
Naquises
Panis
First Location
TXU, Tex. Hist. Ctr. Arch. S. Fran. El grande 2q248 835 v. 008 pp. 188-191
Original Location
BNM, Mexico, Arch. S. Fran. El Grande
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
4799
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Hidalgo
Castellano
Person Last Name
Sanchez
Margil
Ramon
Hidalgo
Castellano
Mesquia
Beginning Date Month
October
Beginning Date (repacked)
10-06-1716
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/15943
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Capitan Domingo Ramon al virrey. Letter concerning proposed conquest, conversion of Texas Indians.

Serial Number
210-00022
Title
Capitan Domingo Ramon al virrey. Letter concerning proposed conquest, conversion of Texas Indians.
Author(s)
Ramon, Domingo (Capitan)
Date
07-26-1716
Documentation
Provincia de Texas. July 26, 1716. Letter. Copy. Photostat.
Summary
Notes good conduct of Frenchmen led by San Denis. States Texas Indians have many French goods, including arms (18-20 arcabuces). Ramon plans to explore area inhabited by Texas, Nachitoche Indians and recommends they be conquered, converted. (T. Sheridan) (1977)
Persons
San Denis, Luis de (French Soldier, Explorer)
Ramon, Domingo (Capitan)
Places
Texas (Provincia)
Ethnic Groups
Texas
Nachitoches
Franceses
First Location
TXU, Tex. Hist. Ctr. Arch. S. Fran. El grande 2q248 835 v. 008 pp. 062-063
Original Location
BNM, Mexico, Arch. S. Fran. El Grande
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
4644
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
San Denis
Ramon
Beginning Date Month
July
Beginning Date (repacked)
07-26-1716
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/15942
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
General Subjects
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Domingo de Teran de los Rios, et al. Declaracion concerning Asinay rebellion.

Serial Number
210-00013
Title
Domingo de Teran de los Rios, et al. Declaracion concerning Asinay rebellion.
Author(s)
Teran de los Rios, Domingo de
Date
03-20-1692
Documentation
Santa Margarita de Buenavista. March 20, 1692. Photostat of copy.
Summary
Declaracion of officers concerning Asinay, Cadodacho Indians. Note Asinay rebellion, repeating information found in other declaraciones. State buffalo range infructuoso, range plants unsuitable to livestock. Describe various military endeavors to reconnoiter area, especially rivers. Note fatigue of soldiers, poor state of horseherd, lack of arms, clothing, other supplies. Briefly discuss Cododacho political organization, settlement pattens. Note abandonment of missions among Asinay, inability of Franciscans to convert them. Describe scattered settlement patterns of Asinay, making it hard for missionization, reduccion to take place. Mention custom of Asinay to call each other texa, meaning friend. Describe expedition under command of capitan Martinez, composed of 20 soldiers, 10 muleteers, 300 well-armed Jumano auxiliaries, although Jumanos act more or less independently. (T. Sheridan) (1977)
Persons
Masanett, Damian (Fray) (OFM)
Bernardino (Gobernador de los Asinays, Leader of Uprising)
Teran de los Rios, Domingo de (Gobernador de Texas)
Martinez, Francisco (Capitan)
Places
Trinidad (Rio)
Santa Margarita de Buenavista (Real)
San Marcos (Rio)
Guadalupe (Rio)
Norte (Rio)
Ethnic Groups
Asinays
Cadodachos
Jumanos
First Location
TXU, Tex. Hist. Ctr. Arch. S. Fran. El grande 2q248 835 v. 010 pp. 015-031
Original Location
BNM, Mexico, Arch. S. Fran. El Grande
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
4655
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Masanett
Bernardino
Teran de los Rios
Martinez
Beginning Date Month
March
Beginning Date (repacked)
03-20-1692
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/15933
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Various authors. Declaraciones of various soldiers concerning asinay, Cadodacho Indians.

Serial Number
210-00012
Title
Various authors. Declaraciones of various soldiers concerning asinay, Cadodacho Indians.
Date
03-17-1692
Documentation
Santa Margarita de Buenavista. March 17, 1692. Photostat of copy.
Summary
Series of declaraciones concerning Asinay (Texas) and Cadodacho Indians. Although Cadodachos fairly friendly with Spaniards, Asinays in revolt, rejecting missionaries, killing livestock. Many Indians leaving their fields, living on buffalo 11 months of year. Indians, Spaniards testify to impossibility of conquering those Indians with resources presently at Spaniards' disposal. Cadodachos described as mas crecido- Mas benigna than Asinays. Spaniards don't consider area favorable for livestock raising. (T. Sheridan) (1977)
Persons
Teran de los Rios, Domingo de (Gobernador de Texas)
Bruno, Alexandro (Alferez) (Piloto Principal of Fragata Santo Christo de San Roman)
Cendrera, Juan de (Alferez)
Bernardino (Gobernador of Asinays, Leader of Rebellion)
Places
Santa Margarita de Buenavista (Real)
Trinidad (Rio)
San Marcos (Rio)
Ethnic Groups
Asinays
Cadodachos
First Location
TXU, Tex. Hist. Ctr. Arch. S. Fran. El grande 2q248 835 v. 009 pp. 153-200 ;and v. 010, pp. 1-14
Original Location
BNM, Mexico, Arch. S. Fran. El Grande
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
4654
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Teran de los Rios
Bruno
Cendrera
Bernardino
Beginning Date Month
March
Beginning Date (repacked)
03-17-1692
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/15932
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Fray Damian Masanett. Masanett's diario of trip from San Salvador mission to mission San Francisco de los Texas; related documents.

Serial Number
210-00008
Title
Fray Damian Masanett. Masanett's diario of trip from San Salvador mission to mission San Francisco de los Texas; related documents.
Author(s)
Masanett, Damian (Fray)
Date
08-20-1691
Documentation
San Francisco de los Texas. August 20, 1691. Peticion. Copy.
Summary
Franciscans request at least 10 soldiers be sent to Bahia del Espiritu Santo, noting that Indians in area enemies of Europeans, and had killed French, English, Spanish and Dutch without ever being punished (7/19/1691). Military officials discuss whether expedition should press on to territory of Texas Indians or remain at Bahia (7/21/1691). Franciscan diario of trip from San Salvador mission in Coahuila to mission San Francisco de los Texas (5/16-8/20, 1691), noting- encounter with Indian groups- Mescales, Yoricas, Chomes, Machomes, Parachacas, Pamanes- living between Rio Grande, Rio Sabinos, all of who rely on buffalo, wild food gathering, none of whom hunt; difficulties traveling with livestock- cattle, goats, sheep- because of rivers in flood, poor pasturage, etc; Flora, fauna, geography, often giving Indian names for places; resources of Rio Nueces area, including many walnuts, buffalo, fish; arrival Indians, many different naciones to trade for tobacco, knives, rosaries, etc. (See 201); visit to Rancheria of payay Indians, nacion Muy grande, choma, Cibola, caynaaya Indians live along Rio Grande and are enemies of Apaches, who fight everyone except Salineros, Apaches described mui-Guerreros who fight with armed horses; chomas described as yndios que en el parraly y Nueva Mexico llaman jumanes, who hunt buffalo from source of Rio Guadalupe to land of Texas during warm time of year, returning to riverine homes during winter; arrival of ships from Veracruz at Espiritu Santo; friendly greeting by Texas Indians, who mourned death of one missionary, many others from unnamed enfermedad. Excellent information on Indians of southern, central, eastern Texas. (T. Sheridan) (1977)
Persons
Teran de los Rios, Domingo de (Gobernador de Texas)
Martinez, Francisco (Capitan)
Masanett, Damian (Fray) (OFM)
Places
Espiritu Santo (Bahia)
San Salvador del Valle de Santiago (Coahuila Mision)
San Francisco de los Texas (Mision)
Coahuila (Provincia)
Sabinos (Rio)
Nueces (Rio)
Espiritu Santo (Bahia)
Ethnic Groups
Franceses
Ingleses
Holandeses
Texas
Mescales
Yoricas
Chomes
Machomes
Pamanes
Quemos
Pacpules
Ocanas
Chaguanes
Pactaluces
Paaces
Sanpanales
Patchales
Papanacas
Carchiquis
Paquachiames
Aguapalamas
Samampaces
Vanas
Payabanes
Patavos
Putahays
Patsaus
Payayes
Chumans
Cauguecas
Cantonas
Cabas
Sanas
Tojos
Toaas
Cholomes
Cibolas
Caynaayas
Apaches
Salineros
Jumanes
Muruames
Parchacas
Apaycis
First Location
TXU, Tex. Hist. Ctr. Arch. S. Fran. El grande 2q248 835 v. 010 pp. 047-080
Original Location
BNM, Mexico, Arch. S. Fran. El Grande
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
4657
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Teran de los Rios
Martinez
Masanett
Beginning Date Month
August
Beginning Date (repacked)
08-20-1691
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/15928
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

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