Indians (Negotiations)

Documents concerning Yagonxli, peace with mimbrenos.

Serial Number
041-04319
Title
Documents concerning Yagonxli, peace with mimbrenos.
Author(s)
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo (Comandante General)
Tovar, Jose Maria de
Compa
and others
Date
08-01-1790
Date
19-15-1790
Documentation
Chihuahua, Janos. August 1 to September 15, 1790. 10p. Informes, letters, draft. Signed, copies.
Summary
Tovar is worried about Yagonxli, his wife Tavardillo, who are in keeping at Janos. Yagonxli is ill, refuses Spanish treatment, could die. Fear that if he Dies, trauma will sever peaceful relations with tribe. Indian auxiliaries at Bacoachi deserting, upset with Spanish. Ojos Colorados (aparently son of Yagonxli) and Griguicen arrive with about 40 men. Tovar concerned that supplies low, no meat or gifts to appease Indians. Vague letters discussing aspects of peace plan. Draft from viceroy praising plan but advising caution. (A. Dean, April 1989)
Persons
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo (Comandante General)
Revilla Gigedo, Conde de
Yagonxli (Caudillo Apache)
Tavardillo (Muger Apache)
Ojos Colorados (Apache)
Griguicen
Tovar, Jose Maria de
Compa (Hijo de Ugarte y Loyola)
Cordero, Antonio
Gasiot y Miralles, Juan
Places
Janos
Chihuahua
San Buenaventura
Namiquipa
Bacuachi
Natanifui
Mimbres
Ethnic Groups
Apaches Mimbrenos
Chiricaguis
Gandules
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 191 ff. 308-312
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 191 ff. 308-312
Language
Spanish
Notes
Folios not numbered, part of some pages lost in gutter.
Reference Number
19100020
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Ugarte y Loyola
Tovar
Person Last Name
Ugarte y Loyola
Revilla Gigedo
Yagonxli
Tavardillo
Ojos Colorados
Griguicen
Tovar
Compa
Cordero
Gasiot y Miralles
Beginning Date Month
August
Beginning Date (repacked)
08-01-1790
End Date (repacked)
19-15-1790
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/11553
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
General Subjects
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Documents concerning pacification of Chiricahua, pinal Apaches.

Serial Number
041-04318
Title
Documents concerning pacification of Chiricahua, pinal Apaches.
Author(s)
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo (Comandante General)
Denojeant, Antonio
Grimarest, Enrique de
and others
Date
07-29-1790
Date
09-15-1790
Documentation
Chihuahua. July 29 to September 15, 1790. 19p. Letters, informes, draft. Transcribed.
Summary
Letter concerning imprisonment of Pozo, also of three soldiers who murdered two peaceful Apaches. Denojeant meets with friendly Pinal Apaches who want military approval to try to purge other Apaches out of Pinal. List of Apaches agreeing to peace at Denojeant's proposition on July 30, including Apache women (named). Mention of forty of Pozo's followers gathered at Bacoachi. (A. Dean, April 1989)
Persons
Pozo, Joseph (Apache)
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo (Comandante General)
Revilla Gigedo, Conde de (Virrey)
Pitaicacheno, Jose Maria (Apache)
Chille (Apache)
Xabier El Chico (Apache)
Nayesin (Apache)
Ysquetis (Apache)
Denojeant, Antonio
Grimarest, Enrique de (Brigadier)
Arellanes, Antonio (Capitan)
Quesananta (Apache)
Vasquez, Salvador (Apache)
Chastu (Apache)
Yage (Apache)
Elcaen (Viuda Apache)
Chotli (Viuda Apache)
Nantasiti (Apache)
Ejoe (Apache)
Cristiya (Apache)
Bilun (Apache)
Chaisnen (Apache)
Costu (Viuda Apache)
Chanacuge (Apache)
Chequee (Mujer Apache)
Leyba, Nicolas
Gasiot y Miralles, Juan
Places
Sonora
Bacoachi
Santa Cruz
Chihuahua
Pinal (Sierra)
Turicachi (Puerto)
Arispe
Nacosari
Oposura (Rio)
Musivavi (Sierra)
Batepito
Cocospera
Ethnic Groups
Chiricaguia
Apaches Pinal
Gandules
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 191 ff. 300-307
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 191 ff. 300-307
Language
Spanish
Notes
Folios not numbered.
Reference Number
19100019
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Ugarte y Loyola
Denojeant
Grimarest
Grimarest
Person Last Name
Pozo
Ugarte y Loyola
Revilla Gigedo
Pitaicacheno
Chille
Xabier El Chico
Nayesin
Ysquetis
Denojeant
Grimarest
Arellanes
Quesananta
Vasquez
Chastu
Yage
Elcaen
Chotli
Nantasiti
Ejoe
Cristiya
Bilun
Chaisnen
Costu
Chanacuge
Chequee
Leyba
Gasiot y Miralles
Beginning Date Month
July
End Date Month
September
Beginning Date (repacked)
07-29-1790
End Date (repacked)
09-15-1790
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/11552
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
General Subjects
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Letters concerning peace negotiations with lipiyanes, natahees, llaneros.

Serial Number
041-04314
Title
Letters concerning peace negotiations with lipiyanes, natahees, llaneros.
Author(s)
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo (Comandante General)
Uranga, Francisco Xabier de
Gasiot y Miralles, Juan
and others
Date
06-27-1790
Date
08-11-1790
Documentation
El Paso, others. June 27 to August 11, 1790. 10p. Letters, draft. Transcribed, signed.
Summary
Uranga has spoken with Barrio, Calvo, who want peace. Problems finding competent interpreter to aid negotiations. Calvo says there is good Spanish captain, who has arranged peace with Mezcaleros near Norte. Barrio's band organized to make Mescal, hunt deer while he deals with Uranga. Mention of Calvo's men tracking thieves of oxen from Robledo ranches. Emissaries of virrey sent to negotiate. (A. Dean, March 1989)
Persons
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo (Comandante General)
Revilla Gigedo, Conde de
Barrio, Pedro (Capitancillo Apache)
Calvo (Capitancillo Lipillan)
Ugalde, Juan (Comandante General)
Uranga, Francisco Xabier de
Alegre (Indio)
Volante (Indio)
Jose (Indio)
Gasiot y Miralles, Juan
Places
El Paso
Chihuahua
Manta Negra
Manca (Sierra)
Bacoachie
Norte (Presidio)
San Elceario
Carrizal
Robledo (Meza)
Norte (Rio del) (A.K.A. Rio Puerco)
Nuevo Mexico
Juntas (Presidio)
Conchos (Rio)
Ethnic Groups
Apaches
Lipillanes
Llaneros
Natahees
Gandules
Chiricaguis
Mezcaleros
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 191 ff. 261-265
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 191 ff. 261-265
Language
Spanish
Notes
Folios not numbered, part of some pages lost in gutter, not chronological.
Reference Number
19100015
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Ugarte y Loyola
Uranga
Gasiot y Miralles
Gasiot y Miralles
Person Last Name
Ugarte y Loyola
Revilla Gigedo
Barrio
Calvo
Ugalde
Uranga
Alegre
Volante
Jose
Gasiot y Miralles
Beginning Date Month
June
End Date Month
August
Beginning Date (repacked)
06-27-1790
End Date (repacked)
08-11-1790
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/11548
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
General Subjects
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Ugarte y Loyola reports to Revilla Gigeda on peace negotiations with Yagonxli.

Serial Number
041-04313
Title
Ugarte y Loyola reports to Revilla Gigeda on peace negotiations with Yagonxli.
Author(s)
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo
Tovar, Jose Maria
Gasiot y Miralles, Juan
and others
Date
07-16-1790
Date
08-12-1790
Documentation
Janos, others. July 16 to August 12, 1790. 22p. Letters, draft. Signed, transcribed.
Summary
Compa established at Janos with small troop of Chiricahuas. Yagonxli, natanfui, other Gilenos in reduccion at Ojos Colorados near Janos. Yagonxli sincerely wants peace, but begs release of his Brother Tagaguechie from chaingang in capital before he will make treaty. Ugarte y Loyola tries to arrange it. Yagonxli, his men on work detail at Janos. Rich exalting nature, death better than humiliation. Also warrior. Letter from Compa to his Father Ugarte y Loyola, part of another page blocking most of content. Draft of letter saying bad idea to make peace with Apaches, preferable to keep trust of Comanches, other tribes who hate Apaches. Suggests capturing all Apaches, shipping adults to Havana. (A. Dean, March 1989)
Persons
Tovar, Joseph Maria de (Comandante)
Yagonxli (Capitancillo Gileno)
Jas Kie Kanecjal (A.K.A. Natanifui)(Gileno)
Natanifui (A.K.A. Jas Kie Kanecjal) (Gileno)
Compa (Capitancillo)
Cordero, Antonio (Teniente Coronel)
Tagaguechie (Gileno)
Rivero, Joseph Maria (Alferez)
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo (Comandante General)
Revilla Gigedo, Conde de
Almanza, Nicolaz (Alferez)
Niguisen
Gasiot y Miralles, Juan
Places
Janos (Presidio)
Mimbres
Chihuahua
Colorado (Serro)
San Buenaventura (Valle)
Manta Prieta
Nogales
Escondida (Sierra)
Carrizal
Chiricaque
Baquachic
Bavispe
Ojos Colorados (Rancheria)
Cisolo
Texas
Havana
Ethnic Groups
Chiricaguis
Apaches
Comanches
Lipanas
Natages
Lipiyanas
Military Groups
Niguisen, Quadrilla de
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 191 ff. 249-260
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 191 ff. 249-260
Language
Spanish
Notes
Folios not numbered. Part of some pages lost in gutter, 252 partially covered.
Reference Number
19100014
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Ugarte y Loyola
Tovar
Gasiot y Miralles
Gasiot y Miralles
Person Last Name
Tovar
Yagonxli
Jas Kie Kanecjal
Natanifui
Compa
Cordero
Tagaguechie
Rivero
Ugarte y Loyola
Revilla Gigedo
Almanza
Niguisen
Gasiot y Miralles
Beginning Date Month
July
End Date Month
August
Beginning Date (repacked)
07-16-1790
End Date (repacked)
08-12-1790
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/11547
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
General Subjects
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Letters concerning Ugarte y Loyola's plan for establishing peace with Indians.

Serial Number
041-04309
Title
Letters concerning Ugarte y Loyola's plan for establishing peace with Indians.
Author(s)
Concha, Fernando de la (Gobernador)
Gasiol y Miralles, Juan
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo (Comandante General)
and others
Date
11-15-1789
Date
03-03-1790
Documentation
Chihuahua, others. November 15, 1789 to March 3, 1790. 26p. Letters, drafts. Signed, unsigned, transcribed.
Summary
Letter from Concha to Ugarte y Loyola saying he has consigned friendly Indian nations to guarding less cooperative tribes to maintain peace, requests military try to leave all of them alone, keep Spanish Side of agreement. Other letters discuss meetings with various Indian leaders, violations of peace plan, means of enforcement. Detailed description of two Comanche campaigns on Sierra Blanca Apaches. Mention of seasonal habitation Yutas y Xicarillas. Mention that Apaches Gilenos on south Side of Rio Grande seem sincere in wish for peace, those on north Side have made two invasions since plan in effect. (A. Dean, March 1989)
Persons
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo (Comandante General)
Antonio (General) (Navajo)
Equeracapa (General)(Comanche)
Pabichiguaza (Capitan) (Comanche)
Concha, Fernando de la (Gobernador)
Ortiz, Alexandro
Sandoval, Pablo (Alferez)
Tecolote (Capitan)(Indio)
Chapacon (Capitan)(Indio)
Gasiol y Miralles, Juan
Places
El Paso
Rio Grande
Santa Fee
Nuevo Mexico
Blanca (Sierra)
Carrizo (Sierra)
Comanche (Nacion)
Oscura (Sierra)
Chihuahua
Jumanes (Sierra)
San Matheo
Belen (Belen)
Gila (Sierra)
Malpais
Tesuque
Janos (Presidio)
Ethnic Groups
Xicarillas
Yutas
Nabajoes
Apaches
Comanches
Gandules
Gilenos
Genizares
Military Groups
Rey, Caballada del
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 191 ff. 200-212
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 191 ff. 200-212
Language
Spanish
Notes
Folios not numbered; part of some pages lost in gutter.
Reference Number
19100010
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Concha
Gasiol y Miralles
Ugarte y Loyola
Ugarte y Loyola
Person Last Name
Ugarte y Loyola
Antonio
Equeracapa
Pabichiguaza
Concha
Ortiz
Sandoval
Tecolote
Chapacon
Gasiol y Miralles
Beginning Date Month
November
End Date Month
March
Beginning Date (repacked)
11-15-1789
End Date (repacked)
03-03-1790
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/11543
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
General Subjects
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Letters concerning interaction with friendly Indians of Nuevo Mexico, Sonora, and Nueva Vizcaya.

Serial Number
041-04308
Title
Letters concerning interaction with friendly Indians of Nuevo Mexico, Sonora, and Nueva Vizcaya.
Author(s)
Concha, Fernando de la
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo (Comandante General)
Date
16-24-1789
Date
02-05-1790
Documentation
Santa Fe, Chihuahua. June 24, 1789 to February 5, 1790. 18p. Letters, draft. Signed.
Summary
Two letters from Concha to Flores concerning various tribes of carries message from Sierra Blanca Apaches requesting peace negotiations. Concha seems well acquainted with individuals and general ethnography of several tribes, describes interactions with Faraones, others. Mention of Echeagary placing Chiricahuas in military company. Unsigned draft of letter to Concha restating atrocities of recent Apache raids, friendly Indians' mistrust for Apache advances. Letter from Ugarte y Loyola to Revilla Gigedo discussing above correspondence, mentions Equeracapa to visit Chihuahua to discuss last Comanche campaign against Apaches. (A. Dean, March 1989)
Persons
Echeagaray (Capitan)
Concha, Fernando de la
Flores, Manuel Antonio
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo (Comandante General)
Equeracapa (General Comanche)
Revilla Gigedo, Conde de
Places
Blanca (Sierra)
El Passo
Sonora
Nueva Vizcaya
Tecolote (Sierra)
Gila
Los Mimbres (Sierra)
Robledo
Santa Fe
Nuevo Mexico
San Elzeario (Presidio)
Carrizal (Presidio)
Janos (Presidio)
Chihuahua
Ethnic Groups
Apaches
Apaches Faraones
Comanches
Genizaros
Mimbres
Natages
Lipiyanes
Lipanes
Apaches de Oriente
Intas
Chiricagues
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 191 ff. 190-199
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 191 ff. 190-199
Language
Spanish
Notes
Folios not numbered, part of some pages lost in gutter.
Reference Number
19100009
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Concha
Ugarte y Loyola
Person Last Name
Echeagaray
Concha
Flores
Ugarte y Loyola
Equeracapa
Revilla Gigedo
End Date Month
February
Beginning Date (repacked)
16-24-1789
End Date (repacked)
02-05-1790
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/11542
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
General Subjects
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Letters concerning the situation of the presidio of San Antonio de Balero.

Serial Number
041-04206
Title
Letters concerning the situation of the presidio of San Antonio de Balero.
Author(s)
Hidalgo, Francisco (Fray)
San Joseph y Baena, Ignacio de (Fray)
San Miguel de Aguayo, Marques de
and others
Date
01-14-1724
Date
02-26-1725
Documentation
San Antonio de Balero, Mexico. January 14, 1724, February 26, 1725. 62 p. Informes. Signed.
Summary
Soldiers from presidio of San Antonio de Balero report about an Indian raid whereby most of the horses of the company were stolen. They were unable to stop the attack because the presidio has not enough weapons and trained soldiers. Therefore they ask the viceroy to send soldiers, equipment and horses to reinforce that military position. On the other hand, fray Hidalgo accuses the intransigent attitude of Flores (commander of the presidio) for the increase in violence. He refuses to give back to the Apaches the women and children that have been captured, even though they have sent representatives to negotiate. This situation in turn is spoiling the pacification efforts of the priests. Other letters propose to move the presidio closer to mission or to a near peninsula where there are better possibilities for agriculture. In a letter analyzing all these evidences, the marques of San Miguel de Aguayo advises the authorities to choose the latter alternative. His letter also includes an interesting discussion about the justos titulos to initiate the military conquest of the Apaches (i.e., just war, folios 46-49), followed by a plan for effecting this conquest. (A. Nielsen, November 1989)
Persons
Gutierrez, Nicolas (Alferez)
Carbajal, Christobal de (Sargento)
Gonzalez, Joseph (Fray)
Hidalgo, Francisco (Fray)
Flores, Nicolas
Espinosa, Isidro Felis (Fray)
Perez, Fernando
Baena, Ignacio de (Fray)
Ramon, Diego (Teniente)
Perez de Almazan, Fernando (Gobernador)
Perez, Matheo
Ferrer, Juan Nicolas (Soldado)
Erize, Ignacio (Fray)
Bustillos, Juan de (Capitan)
Sevillano, Miguel (Fray)
Pita, Joseph (Fray)
Villasur, Pedro de
Minguez, Juan (Fray)
San Miguel de Aguayo, Marques de
Places
Balero, San Antonio de (Presidio)
Saltillo (Villa)
Coaguila (Presidio)
Queretaro, Santiago de (Ciudad)
Santisima Cruz (Colegio)
Texas (Provincia)
Los Adais (Presidio)
Mazapil
Nuevo Reyno de Leon
Ranchitos (Presidio)
Candachos (Presidio)
Jicarilla, Valle de la
Santa Fe (Villa)
Nuevo Mexico
Rio Grande (Presidio)
Ethnic Groups
Apaches
Paiayas
Cumanches
Jutanes
Military Groups
Balero, Compania del Presidio de San Antonio de
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 183 ff. 020-050
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 183 ff. 020-050
Language
Spanish
Reference Number
18300003
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Hidalgo
San Joseph y Baena
San Miguel de Aguayo
San Miguel de Aguayo
Person Last Name
Gutierrez
Carbajal
Gonzalez
Hidalgo
Flores
Espinosa
Perez
Baena
Ramon
Perez de Almazan
Perez
Ferrer
Erize
Bustillos
Sevillano
Pita
Villasur
Minguez
San Miguel de Aguayo
Beginning Date Month
January
End Date Month
February
Beginning Date (repacked)
01-14-1724
End Date (repacked)
02-26-1725
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/11440
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
General Subjects
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Letter from Perez de Almazan to the Marques de Cassafuerte concerning the relations with the Apaches.

Serial Number
041-04205
Title
Letter from Perez de Almazan to the Marques de Cassafuerte concerning the relations with the Apaches.
Author(s)
Perez de Almazan, Fernando (Gobernador)
Date
03-24-1724
Documentation
Bahia del Espiritu Santo. March 24, 1724. 18 p. Letters. Signed.
Summary
The priests from Bahia del Espiritu Santo ask the authorities to give more support to that settlement (mainly in terms of food and military supplies), and to help in the pacification of the Apaches. An ongoing attempt to reach an agreement with these groups is related. Several Apache women and children were captured and used to force the Indian chiefs to negotiate a peace treaty. The primary target of the Indian raids seems to be horse stealing. (A. Nielsen, November 1989)
Persons
Arroyo, Joseph Benito de (Capitan)
Ramon, Domingo (Capitan)
Ramon, Diego (Capitan)
Lobo Guerrero, Joseph
Perez de Almazan, Fernando (Gobernador)
Cassafuerte, Marques de
Places
Nuevo Reyno de Leon
Coaguila
Tejas (Provincia)
Espiritu Santo, Bahia del (Presidio)
Los Adais (Presidio)
Saltillo (Villa)
Ethnic Groups
Apaches
Puapues
Carancaguas
Coxanes
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 183 ff. 011-019
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 183 ff. 011-019
Language
Spanish
Reference Number
18300002
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Arroyo
Ramon
Ramon
Lobo Guerrero
Perez de Almazan
Cassafuerte
Beginning Date Month
March
Beginning Date (repacked)
03-24-1724
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/11439
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
General Subjects
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

French trespassing into Spanish territory, Part III.

Serial Number
041-04184
Title
French trespassing into Spanish territory, Part III.
Author(s)
Barrio y Jauregui, Jacinto (Gobernador)
Atorin, Juan Antonio (Teniente)
Soto Bermudez, Manuel Antonio de
and others
Date
00-00-1690
Date
28-07-1753
Documentation
Adaes. Mexico. February 17 - July 28, 1753. 106p. Autos. Declarations. Original. Signed. Copies.
Summary
Military personnel and civilians are sworn to testify in response to questions on; how they heard of the French trespassing the Colorado River into Spanish territory; when they first heard of it; how much land they believe the French have occupied; and what outposts or presidios the French may have built on said land (ff. 163 - 171). Ratifications (ff. 171 - 180). Indian interpreter relates French trade activity with the Indians. Spaniards describe black slave mistreatment by the French and consider their potential to become loyal Spanish subjects. Junta de guerra y hacienda considers weight of testimonies and action to be taken, if any (ff. 208 - 215). French crown has paid multilingual spies planted, which the Spaniards condemn. (E. Wilson, December 1989)
Persons
Barrio y Jauregui, Jacinto (Gobernador)
Guemez y Horcasitas, Juan Francisco (Virrey)
Revilla Gigedo, Conde de (Virrey)
Aguayo, Marques de San Miguel de
Atorin, Juan Antonio (Teniente)
Sandoval, Manuel (Gobernador)
Gonzalez, Joseph (Teniente)
Ballejo, Francisco (Fray)
Munoz, Phelipe (Alferez Reform)
Sandeni, Luis de (Alferez)
Losoya, Manuel Antonio (Teniente)
Sierra, Phelipe de (Cavo)
Sierra, Pedro de (Alferez)
Rosales, Joseph Antonio
Santos, Christobal de
Salbador, Manuel
Granados, Pedro
Aro, Ygnasio Thomas de
Lara, Juan de
Varrera, Antonio
Barrio Junco y Espriella, Pedro (Ex-Gobernador)
Sanchez (Capitan)
Calahorra, Joseph (Fray)
Rabago y Teran, Phelipe
Baudrebil, Marques de (Frances)
Blans, Cesaro (Frances)
Morain, Juan Antonio
Diaz, Ignasio Tomas
Menchaca, Luis
Soto Bermudez, Manuel Antonio (Teniente)
Ensenada, Marques de la
Gomez, Cayetano
Ybanez, Lazaro
Places
Adaes, Nuestra Senora del Pilar de los (Presidio)
Texas (Provincia)
Nachitos
Colorado (Rio)
San Antonio
Gran Montana
Nasones
Nacodochez
Yatazi
Nadotes
San Pedro (Rio)
Nevantini
Adaes (Rio)
Zacatecas
Nachodoches (Mision)
San Xavier
Nasones, San Joseph de (Mision)
Nueva Orleans
Aranjuez
Francia
Paris
Nuevo Mexico
Veracruz (Puerto)
Ethnic Groups
Franceses
Apaches
Nacodoches
Nasones
Nadotes
Teguacana
Panis
Tebancanas
Tancague
Yujuan
Chicaes
Aguajuani
Aguajo
Tancames
Asinais
Guaxis
Guesos
Tusas
Enanos
Panis
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 181 ff. 162-215
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 181 ff. 162-215
Language
Spanish
Notes
Binding swallows words, ff. 185 is too light to read, ff. 188 - 189 duplicated due to blurriness, ff. 178, 212 is duplicated
Reference Number
18100004
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Barrio y Jauregui
Atorin
Soto Bermudez
Soto Bermudez
Person Last Name
Barrio y Jauregui
Guemez y Horcasitas
Revilla Gigedo
Aguayo
Atorin
Sandoval
Gonzalez
Ballejo
Munoz
Sandeni
Losoya
Sierra
Sierra
Rosales
Santos
Salbador
Granados
Aro
Lara
Varrera
Barrio Junco y Espriella
Sanchez
Calahorra
Rabago y Teran
Baudrebil
Blans
Morain
Diaz
Menchaca
Soto Bermudez
Ensenada
Gomez
Ybanez
Beginning Date (repacked)
1690
End Date (repacked)
28-07-1753
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/11418
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Letter to virrey concerning defense of Escandon.

Serial Number
041-04132
Title
Letter to virrey concerning defense of Escandon.
Author(s)
Valcarcel y Formento, Domingo
Gorraez Beaumont y Navarra, Joseph de (Secretario)
Cacela, Joseph Lucio (Licenciado)
and others
Date
06-22-1765
Date
12-07-1776
Documentation
Mexico. June 22 1765-December 7, 1776. 306p. Letters.
Summary
Signed. Concerns defense of Escandon; begins with minimization of charges and a briefly history of Escandons' ascendant career, merits from king; Escandon was in arms and participating in the ejection of British in Laguna in 1720; 1728, was named by virrey as sargento mayor later virrey gave him the title of Coronel; November 15, 1741, Escandon was named as teniente general de la Sierra gorda he gave missions to Franciscanos religious from San Diego de pachuca and San Fernando; he founded and establish four villages with no cost to the royal hacienda; September 3, 1746 in a royal decree full of eulogys virrey gives to Escandon all responsibilities in the mission of pacification de los barbaros de la Sierra gorda and he is named lugar teniente de la Costa del Seno Mexicano; December 1748, founded the first village in area which by 1759 had 20 villages; on folio 182 details of population; in 1757 virrey sent comission to investigate colony; in 1765 virrey orders Escandon to found five new villages in strategic places to stop the continual Indians attacks; strongest defense allegation is envy of Resendi family against Escandon and their plan to get him out of the colony and appeal to the virrey for the titles for their family; in folio 229 is a Spaniards description of Indians; defense by Escandon who defends himself charge by charge; since Escandon was commissioned by the virrey y la junta real de hacienda, they knew that it was a project that was subject to failure, in other words he was not obligated to succeed in his attempt; in selecting captains Escandon never chose the most specialized but selected the ones that were dedicated to the well being of the village; all that the fiscal imputed to Escandon was never supported with real evidence only anonimous statements from someone who heard rumors but had no hard evidence; not even fray Garcia was found in his mission to testify against Escandon to the auditors Osorio and Palacio; in regard to the murder of Indians by Escandon's captains, the fiscal never found witnesses; some of the crimes were investigated by Escandon and he found that the actions benefited the pacification and well being of the village. Escandon repremanded the captain and notified the capitania general. The women and children were placed in missions when the men were murdered or sent to a presidio but never were they sold and sent to Querataro in a collera as the accusations assert; in treatment of criminals, Escandon always followed the royal laws which permitted pardons of criminals if they serve the king. These people were serving the king by risking their lifes in the establishment of the colony; in regard to his rejection of Apaches, he argues it is well known that Apaches don't want anything except trading, and that Spain suffers terribles consequences when it assumes Apaches will remain peaceful in missions. He argued that too often they will suddenly murder, rape and destroy a village. For this reason Escandon avoided Apaches. On March 29, 1763, the royal cedula expired which authorized captain trenda y el ingeniero de la Camara alta to make the first audit of Escandon and nothing wrong was found except for the plot of the Resendi family, 17800 question the official informe by saying that it was corrupted by la voz de oro y Plata de Escandon pudo mas; but in the second audit nobody knew about it, not even the fiscal o el auditor and the results were no different. Escandon is exonerated from all charges. Descendants of Escandon have the right to claim what Escandon left them. (D. Bautista, November 1989)
Persons
Croix, Marques de (Virrey)
Palacio, Juan Fernando (Gobernador)
Osorio y Llamas, Jose (Licenciado)
Escandon, Jose (Coronel)
Helguera Castillo, Antonio de la (Capitan)
Vertiz y Ontanon, Juan Joseph (Gobernador)
Casafuerte, Marques de (Virrey)
Vizarron y Eguiarreta, Juan Antonio de (Virrey)
Urtiaga, Josef
Malo de Villavicencio, Pedro (Capitan)
Ladron de Guevara, Antonio
Fernandez de Jauregui, Josef Antonio
Barguin de Montecuesta, Narciso
Fuenclara, Conde de (Virrey)
Altamira, Marques de (Auditor)
Ciprian, Ignacio Antonio (Fray)
Unsaga, Domingo de (Capitan)
Aranda, Marques de (Fiscal)
Amarillas, Marques de las (Virrey)
Tienda de Cuervo, Josef (Capitan)
Lopez, Agustin (Coronel)
Cruillas, Marques de (Virrey)
Velarde, Juan Antonio (Fiscal)
Cortez, Fernando (Heroe)
Resendi, Maria Barbara
Resendi, Maximiliano
Molina, Marcos (Indio)
Pereda, Bernardo (Teniente)
Rivera Maldonado, Juan de (Capitan)
Villalva, Juan de (Capitan)
Baptizta, Manuel (Gobernador)
Pedro Antonio (Indio)
Cruz, Salvador (Indio)
Gutierrez de Hermosillo, Christoval (Licenciado)
Hernandez, Francisco
Galves, Josef
Garcia, Josef Joachin
Soto Troncoso, Francisco
Rivas, Diego de
Puga, Antonio de (Capitan)
Puga, Antonio Favian de (Capitan)
Cornide, Diego (Asesor)
Andrew, Antonio (Fiscal)
Rodriguez Gallardo, Joseph Rafael (Licenciado)
Trascierra, Josef (Mulato)
Samora, Xavier
Rivera, Domingo
Troncoso, Francisco Ignacio (Alcalde)
Cerna, Joseph Vicente (Capitan)
Rios, Feliciano
Pachon, (Capitan)
Paz, Gregorio de la
Olvera, Christoval de
Pisana, Alejandro
Sesma, Miguel de (Gobernador)
Matta, Juan (Indio)
Soria, Salvador Manuel de (Indio)
Lucio, Juan (Indio)
Rio Frio (Poblador)
Cordova, Miguel de (Capitan)
Arroyo, Juan de
Masoni, Juan Josef (Gobernador)
Espinosa, Antonio de
Salazar, Francisco Xavier de (Fray)
Guardado (Indio)
Perchero, Francisco El (Indio)
Diaz, Thadeo
Cruz, Antonio de la (Indio)
Llata, Francisco de la (Administrador)
Moctesuma, Phelipe Miguel de
Ponce de Leon, Vicente
Roxo, Juan Antonio
Antonio Ricardo (Reo)
Lopez de Lara, Joseph
Izaguirre, Andres
Aguilar, Thomas de
Gallegos, Alejandro (Indio)
Fernandez, Joseph
Medrano, Isidro
Barberena, Juan Francisco (Capitan)
Bueno, Mariano
Baldurieso, Faustino
Zusarregui, Juan Maria de (Capitan)
Gallegos, Millan
Bernal, Joachin
Trevino, Marcelino
Hinojosa, Juan de
Sanchez Borrego, Joseph
Gonzalez Paredes, Pedro Josef
Vasquez Borrego, Josef (Capitan)
Alvarez, Nicolas (Capitan)
Rodriguez, Phelipe
Zepeda, Miguel de
Castro, Miguel de
Sanchez, Thomas (Capitan)
Vedoya, Pedro (Fiscal)
Fuentes, Luis de (Capitan)
Cornide y Savedra, Diego (Asesor)
Haro, Juan de
Ximenez, Basillo (Teniente)
Sandoval, Nicolas (Soldado)
Pisana, Alejandro (Sargento)
Olvera, Joseph Christoval
Ortiz, Thoribio
Bustillo, Juan Antonio (Almacenero)
Iglesias, Agustin de (Coronel)
Enriquez, Juan
Mendez, Xavier
Urias, Lorenzo Manuel de
Roque, Matheo
Garcia Mayoral, Pedro
Ortiz de Landasuri, Tomas
Areche, Jose Antonio de
Vlacarcel y Formento, Domingo
Gorraez Beaumont y Navarra, Joseph de (Secretario)
Cacela, Joseph Lucio (Licenciado)
Villalpando, Joaquin de
Olvera, Catarina de
Zamora, Andres
Hidalgo, Lorenzo
Toro (Indio)
Places
Nuevo Santander
Veracruz
Gorda (Sierra)
Queretaro (Ciudad)
Yucatan (Provincia)
Pacula (Mision)
Fuenclara (Mision)
Guadalupe (Mision)
San Diego de Pachuca
Xalpa
Landa
Filalo
Fancolol
Conca
San Fernando
San Nicolas
La Divina Pastora
Palmillas
Jaumave
Michoacan
Tampico (Ciudad)
Vizarron, Joseph (Poblacion)
Penamillera (Poblacion)
Herrera (Poblacion)
Guadalcazar
Valles (Villa)
Panuco
Nuevo Reyno de Leon
Espiritu Santo (Bahia)
San Antonio de los Llanos
Flores (Llano)
Cerralvo
Leones, Voca de
Rusias
Sacramento (Presidio)
Llera (Villa)
Guemez
Padilla
Burgos
Reynosa
Altamira
Camargo
Infantes
Santa Barbara
Horcasitas
Dolores
Aguayo (Villa)
Revilla
Soto la Marina
Escandon
Hoyos
Santillana
Mier
Borbon
Verde (Rio)
Santa Dorotea (Parajes)
Balsameda (Villa)
Tamaulipas
Nueces (Potrero)
Encinos (Paraje)
Tetillas (Paraje)
Tecosautla
Cadereita (Villa)
Pisona (Nacion)
Aguas (Paraje)
Laxa (Paraje)
Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe (Colegio)
Zacatecas
Guadalaxara
Misisipi (Rio)
Sonora
San Saba (Presidio)
San Xavier (Rio)
Igoyo (Mision)
Coahuila
Nuevo Mexico
Ruvoroso, Nuestra Senora de la Luz de (Mision)
San Pedro
Santa Rosa (Hacienda)
San Juan Baptizta
Cantaro (Paso)
Guadalejo (Rio)
Frio (Rio)
Texas
San Carlos
Cruillas (Villa)
Campeche
San Joseph (Mina)
San Nicolas de Bercebu (Mina)
Metate
Ethnic Groups
Ingleses
Pames
Apostatas
Pisones
Chichimecos
Mecos
Cocos
Apaches
Taguacanas
Janambres
Vocas Prietas
Military Groups
Metate, Esquadra de
Cerralvo, Esquadra de
Voca de Leones, Esquadra de
Rusias, Esquadra de
Altamira, Esquadra de
Horcasitas, Esquadra de
Escandon, Esquadra de
Llera, Esquadra de
Padilla, Esquadra de Volante
Santander, Esquadra de
Soto la Marina, Esquadra de
San Fernando, Esquadra de
Burgos, Esquadra de
Reynosa, Esquadra de
San Carlos, Esquadra de
Guemez, Esquadra de
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 178 ff. 166-319
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 178 ff. 166-319
Language
Spanish
Reference Number
17800002
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Valcarcel y Formento
Gorraez Beaumont y Navarra
Cacela
Cacela
Person Last Name
Croix
Palacio
Osorio y Llamas
Escandon
Helguera Castillo
Vertiz y Ontanon
Casafuerte
Vizarron y Eguiarreta
Urtiaga
Malo de Villavicencio
Ladron de Guevara
Fernandez de Jauregui
Barguin de Montecuesta
Fuenclara
Altamira
Ciprian
Unsaga
Aranda
Amarillas
Tienda de Cuervo
Lopez
Cruillas
Velarde
Cortez
Resendi
Resendi
Molina
Pereda
Rivera Maldonado
Villalva
Baptizta
Pedro Antonio
Cruz
Gutierrez de Hermosillo
Hernandez
Galves
Garcia
Soto Troncoso
Rivas
Puga
Puga
Cornide
Andrew
Rodriguez Gallardo
Trascierra
Samora
Rivera
Troncoso
Cerna
Rios
Pachon
Paz
Olvera
Pisana
Sesma
Matta
Soria
Lucio
Rio Frio
Cordova
Arroyo
Masoni
Espinosa
Salazar
Guardado
Perchero
Diaz
Cruz
Llata
Moctesuma
Ponce de Leon
Roxo
Antonio Ricardo
Lopez de Lara
Izaguirre
Aguilar
Gallegos
Fernandez
Medrano
Barberena
Bueno
Baldurieso
Zusarregui
Gallegos
Bernal
Trevino
Hinojosa
Sanchez Borrego
Gonzalez Paredes
Vasquez Borrego
Alvarez
Rodriguez
Zepeda
Castro
Sanchez
Vedoya
Fuentes
Cornide y Savedra
Haro
Ximenez
Sandoval
Pisana
Olvera
Ortiz
Bustillo
Iglesias
Enriquez
Mendez
Urias
Roque
Garcia Mayoral
Ortiz de Landasuri
Areche
Vlacarcel y Formento
Gorraez Beaumont y Navarra
Cacela
Villalpando
Olvera
Zamora
Hidalgo
Beginning Date Month
June
End Date Month
December
Beginning Date (repacked)
06-22-1765
End Date (repacked)
12-07-1776
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/11366
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

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