Indians (Population)

Conde de Revilla Gigedo to king letter concerning Seri threat.

Serial Number
030-00636
Title
Conde de Revilla Gigedo to king letter concerning Seri threat.
Author(s)
Guemes y Horcasitas, Juan Francisco (Conde de Revilla Gigedo)
Date
08-06-1751
Documentation
Mexico. August 6, 1751. Letter. Copy. Photostat.
Summary
States one of his most serious obligations reduction or extinction Seris, neighboring Tiburones, Carrizos, Salineros, who threaten new discoveries Rio Gila, Rio Colorado, communications with California. Criticizes Former gov. Vildosola for attending to hacienda rather than campaigning against Indians. Discusses Parilla expedition, composed of army 720 soldiers, citizens, citizens, Indian auxiliaries, which captured 252 Indians, including 80 archers, then explored Tiburon Island, seizing another 28 Indians. Tiburon described as 50 leagues sterility, unable to support mission. Notes that although P. Provincial (Escobar?) Claims Seris, Tiburones, Salineros number 3000, expeditions reveals population C. 1000. States entire Seri nation can't be expurgated because of rough nature terrain, but can be reduced to powerless residue (reliquia), allowing presidio to be moved to Apache frontier. Expedition cost 12,000 pesos. (T. Sheridan) (1976)
Persons
Escobar, Cristobal de (Padre)
Vildosola (Gobernador)
Ortiz, Diego
Parrilla (Interim Gobernador)
Guemes y Horcasitas, Juan Francisco (Conde de Revilla Gigedo)
Rey
Places
Sonora
Gila (Rio)
Colorado (Rio)
Peninsula de Californias
Pitic
Guaymas
Caborca
Isla Tiburon
San Miguel
Ethnic Groups
Seris
Tiburones
Carrizos
Salineros
Apaches
First Location
CU-BANC. C-B 840 (Bolton Col.) no. 0319
Original Location
AGI, Sevilla, Aud.Guadalajara, Leg. 0135(67-3-29)
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
2008
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Escobar
Vildosola
Ortiz
Parrilla
Guemes y Horcasitas
Beginning Date Month
August
Beginning Date (repacked)
08-06-1751
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/3552
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
General Subjects
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Gabriel de Castillo to king sobre el estado de la guerra, y los presidios de

Serial Number
030-00299
Title
Gabriel de Castillo to king sobre el estado de la guerra, y los presidios de
Author(s)
Castillo, Gabriel de
Date
03-24-1694
Documentation
Parral. March 24, 1694. Signed. Transcript.
Summary
Notes presence 60 known Indian nations Nueva Vizcaya, many in rebellion. Describes presidial system, including Gallo, Cuename, Conchos, Janos, with 50 soldiers each; Zerrogordo (Cerro Gordo) with 23; Santa Catalina with 9; Sinaloa with 44; compania de Compana with 30. States Indian depredations, peste general nearly depopulated province. Advocates offensive war against Indians during tiempo de aguas when cavalry able to travel easily, defensive action during el de secas. Discusses proposal to send 50 soldiers from various presidios to Sonora and states such reduction manpower would be grave mistake for those garrisons. Suggests instead 50 new soldiers to complement 40 custillo able to field. States more than 300 Indians killed 8 albazoa (day break attacks), more than 400 families reduced junta de los Rios; 130 families reduced to Pueblo San Francisco next to Conchos presidio. Despite temporary peace, however, would be disastrous to reduce number soldiers. Notes necessity paying soldiers promptly. Discusses presidial salaries. Mentions need for Indian auxiliaries, who have to be paid/fed; need to provide reduced, conquered Indians with seed rations. Despite widespread Indian rebellions, Sonora judged most endangered area. (T. Sheridan) (1976)
Persons
Castillo, Gabriel de
Places
San Francisco
Conchos
Gallo
Cuencame
Janos
Sinaloa
Santa Catalina
Sonora
Junta de los Rios
Nueva Vizcaya
Zerrogordo (Cerro Gordo)
Sinaloa
First Location
CU-BANC. C-B 840 (Bolton Col.) no. 0497
Original Location
AGI, Sevilla, Aud.Guadalajara, Leg. 0151(67-4-11)
Language
Spanish
Notes
Good info on presidios
Batch Reference Number
2070
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Castillo
Beginning Date Month
March
Beginning Date (repacked)
03-24-1694
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/3215
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
General Subjects
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

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