Indians (Social And Moral Characteristics)

Don Thoribio de Urrutia. Escrito presentado al capitan don Thoribio de Urrutia sobre un informe falso echo al virrey ano de 1756.

Serial Number
260-00024
Title
Don Thoribio de Urrutia. Escrito presentado al capitan don Thoribio de Urrutia sobre un informe falso echo al virrey ano de 1756.
Author(s)
Urrutia, Thoribio de
Date
05-20-1756
Documentation
Presidio de San Antonio de Bexar. May 20, 1756. 2 folios.
Summary
This informe bears the signature of Don Thoribio de Urrutia and has the inscription as written above with the added words- sobre los Apaches. It was written at the presidio de San Antonio de Besar and refers to the missions belonging to the colegio de Santa Cruz in that area. It appears to be an original document bearing the signature of Don Thoribio de Urrutia. (microfilm catalog)
Persons
Dolores, Mariano Francisco de los
Urrutia, Thoribio de
Places
San Antonio (Texas)
Queretaro
Ethnic Groups
Apaches
First Location
AZU Film 0305 rl. 02 fr.
Original Location
PAA, Rome, Cc-Castq, (202-38) K, no. 001
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
524
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Dolores
Urrutia
Beginning Date Month
May
Beginning Date (repacked)
05-20-1756
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/16153
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Fr. Joseph Pinilla to senor don Melchor de Peramas.

Serial Number
260-00006
Title
Fr. Joseph Pinilla to senor don Melchor de Peramas.
Author(s)
Pinilla, Joseph
Date
- -N.D.
Documentation
N.d. 4 folios.
Summary
This informe written to the virrey by fr. Joseph Pinilla asks for the extension of the mission territory so that more Indians may be converted. It speaks of the mission de la Bahia and del Rosario. It has no date. This is an original document autographed by fr. Joseph Pinilla. (microfilm catalog)
Persons
Borrego, Joseph
Peramas, Melchor de
Pinilla, Joseph
Places
Coahuila
Santa Rosa
Grande (Rio)
Ethnic Groups
Cotonamus
Chiquitas
Aguilacais
Salapemes
First Location
AZU Film 0305 rl. 02 fr.
Original Location
PAA, Rome, Cc-Castq, (202-45) K
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
533
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Borrego
Peramas
Pinilla
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/16135
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Francisco Garces to padre Diego Jimenez. Carta sobre su viaje en Arizona, 1776.

Serial Number
250-00069
Title
Francisco Garces to padre Diego Jimenez. Carta sobre su viaje en Arizona, 1776.
Author(s)
Garces, Francisco Tomas Hermenegildo
Date
00-00-1776
Documentation
Letter. Original. Signed. Arizona. 1776. 7 folios.
Summary
An account of Garces journey in Arizona in 1776. He remarks on the various tribes, their characteristics, their alliances or wars with other tribes, how they live. He also makes recommendations for improving the missions. (J. Grusin) (1976)
Persons
Jimenez, Diego
Garces, Francisco Tomas Hermenegildo
Places
Gila
San Gabriel
Zuni
Colorado (Rio)
Moqui
San Felipe (Rio)
Ethnic Groups
Apaches
Jimarrones
Pimas
Yumas
Tamalabes
Quabasay (Quabajai)
nochis
Comanches
Nichis
Coltechis
Cobagis
Chemeguebes
Talapais
Moquis
Cuercos
Machis
Mucas
Cajualas
Tabesuas
Yutas Taquefilas
Cocomaricopas
Talchedunes
First Location
Newberry Library, Chicago. Ayer ms. 1092.
Original Location
NL, Chicago, Ayer Ms. 1092
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
2604
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Jimenez
Garces
Beginning Date (repacked)
1776
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/16094
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Padre Silvestre Velez de Escalante to padre Fernando Antonio Gomez. Carta sobre exploraciones y condiciones entre los Zuni y hopi.

Serial Number
250-00066
Title
Padre Silvestre Velez de Escalante to padre Fernando Antonio Gomez. Carta sobre exploraciones y condiciones entre los Zuni y hopi.
Author(s)
Velez de Escalante, Silvestre (Padre)
Date
08-18-1775
Documentation
Letter. Original. Signed. Zuni. August 18, 1775. 6 fols.
Summary
Begins with a lament about mission conditions in Zuni and with a criticism of the natives who resist conversion or cling to old habits. He then relates a journey into Moqui territory to find possible routes between New Mexico and Monterrey. He describes various Indian bands, the town of Moqui, and the need for more missionaries. (J. Grusin) (1976)
Persons
Velez de Escalante, Silvestre (Padre)
Gomez, Fernando Antonio (Padre)
Places
Zuni
Chihuahua
Moqui
Nuevo Mexico
Monterrey
Oraybe
Cosmina (Sierra de)
Gila (Rio de)
Ethnic Groups
Zunis
Moquis
Tomascabes
Chirumas
Cholomas
Yutas
Cumanches
Gicenos
First Location
Newberry Library, Chicago. Ayer ms. 1081.
Original Location
NL, Chicago, Ayer Ms. 1081
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
2599
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Velez de Escalante
Gomez
Beginning Date Month
August
Beginning Date (repacked)
08-18-1775
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/16091
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
General Subjects
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Prudencio de Orobio Basterra/Francisco Joseph de Orocha- exchange of several notes. Cartas sobre la mision de San Juan Capistrano, Texas.

Serial Number
250-00025
Title
Prudencio de Orobio Basterra/Francisco Joseph de Orocha- exchange of several notes. Cartas sobre la mision de San Juan Capistrano, Texas.
Author(s)
Orobio Basterra, Prudencia de
Date
12-03-1737
Date
03-23-1738
Documentation
Letter. Transcription. San Antonio de Bejar. December 3, 1737 to March 23, 1738. 16.
Summary
Relates the abandonment of the mission at Capistrano by various Indians. Also, of Apache attacks in the area. The notes reflect the felling of futility among those working with Indians. There are several notes in the document. (J. Grusin) (1976)
Persons
Orobio Basterra, Prudencia de
Orocha, Francisco Joseph de
Places
San Antonio de Bejar (Texas)
San Juan Capistrano (Texas)
Ethnic Groups
Thelojas
Venados
Orejones
Zaiopines
Apaches
First Location
Newberry Library, Chicago. Ayer ms. 1175, box 1736-1739.
Original Location
NL, Chicago, Ayer Ms. 1175, Box 1736-1739
Other Location
Nacodoches Archive.
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
2614
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Orobio Basterra
Orocha
Beginning Date Month
December
End Date Month
March
Beginning Date (repacked)
12-03-1737
End Date (repacked)
03-23-1738
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/16050
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
General Subjects
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Letter to padre provincial concerning Nebomes.

Serial Number
230-00012
Title
Letter to padre provincial concerning Nebomes.
Author(s)
Guzman, Diego de (Fray)
Date
09-16-1629
Documentation
Cinaloa. September 16, 1629. Copy. Signed.
Summary
Favorable description Nebomes, praising their industry, virtue their women, etc. States they live in 90 rancherias Grandes, o pueblos. Notes migration to Bamoa. (T. Sheridan) (1976)
Persons
Martinez de Hurdaide, Diego
Guzman, Diego de (Padre)
Places
Petatlan (Rio)
Ethnic Groups
Nebomes
First Location
CU-BANC. M-M 0227 pp. 0791-0803
Original Location
CU-BANC. M-M 0227 Pp. 0791-0803
Other Location
CU-BANC. Memorias Para la Historia de la Provincia de Sinaloa
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
1819
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Martinez de Hurdaide
Guzman
Beginning Date Month
September
Beginning Date (repacked)
09-16-1629
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/15990
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

anua del ano de 1621.

Serial Number
230-00010
Title
anua del ano de 1621.
Author(s)
Anaya, Nicolas de (Fray)
Date
04-30-1622
Documentation
Mexico. April 30, 1622. Copy. Signed.
Summary
Discusses missionization Chinipas by fr. Juan Castini, 1621, desire Guazapares for missionaries as well. Notes successful attempts Castini to secure peace between the two groups, previously enemies. Estimates 21,000 baptisms Rio Mayo, 30,000 Rio Yaqui, 9000 Rio Nebome. Describes Mayos as must docile Indians Sinaloa. Notes recent missionization Conicaris. Gives geographical location, population figures Hios (Warihios)- 17 pueblos, 9 with 500-600 inhabitants, the rest with 200. Notes Huvagures, Teguisos beyond Hios. States Baciroas, Tehatas reduced to Conicari Pueblo, Tepague. Notes Topichis requests for missionization. 11 Yaqui pueblos then, Torim the largest. says Yaquis engaged in continuous wars with neighbors, civil wars, robberies, murders among themselves. Mentions Yaqui resistance to baptism, drunkenness, superstition, polygamy, practice of marrying Mother, daughter, sisters, transhumance. Describes conference of Yaqui sorcerers (hechiceros) in Torim who attempted to disprove missionaries, teachings, saying after death, souls went underground, not to heaven, where they practiced all types of vices and have a very happy life. Apparently, missionary converted them, however. Mentions plans for Yaqui revolt 1620, murder Hurdaide, missionaries, never carried out. Notes missionization Nebomes, who sent 11 children to Villa De Sinaloa to learn how to read/write. Requests Aibinos, Mobas, Nures for missionaries. (T. Sheridan) (1976)
Persons
Castini, Juan (Padre), Guzman, Diego de (Padre
Villalta, Cristobal de (Padre)
Godinez, Miguel (Padre)
Cruz, Diego de la (Padre)
Barera, Juan (Padre)
Angel, Juan (Padre)
Bandersipe, Diego (Padre)
Olinano, Francisco (Padre)
Mendez, Pedro (Padre)
Anaya, Nicolas de (Padre)
Places
Toro
Mayo (Rio)
Yaqui (Rio)
Nebome (Rio)
Basinoa
Conicari
Tepague
Torim
Comuripa
Ethnic Groups
Chinipas
Guazapares
Conicaris
Tepagues
Hios
Huvagures
Teguisos
Baciroas
Tehatas
Topichis
Mobas
Navas
Nures
Ayuinos
First Location
CU-BANC. M-M 0227 pp. 0626-0671
Original Location
CU-BANC. M-M 0227 Pp. 0626-0671
Other Location
CU-BANC. Memorias Para la Historia de la Provincia de Sinaloa
Language
Spanish
Notes
Excellent/good info on Yaquis
Batch Reference Number
1817
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Castini
Villalta
Godinez
Cruz
Barera
Angel
Bandersipe
Olinano
Mendez
Anaya
Beginning Date Month
April
Beginning Date (repacked)
04-30-1622
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/15988
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Letter to padre provincial concerning Yaqui missionization.

Serial Number
230-00008
Title
Letter to padre provincial concerning Yaqui missionization.
Author(s)
Perez, Andres (Fray)
Date
06-13-1617
Documentation
Rio del Espiritu Santo. June 13, 1617. Original.
Summary
Mentions Island Rio Yaqui 2 leagues from mouth where largest concentration Yaquis have their fields, describes Yaqui flood plain agriculture (maize, beans, squash), including 2 planting seasons. States cotton, Mescal (agave), otras semillejas not cultivated, but apparently Tuna (opuntia) was. Notes Lower pueblos' exploitation sea resources, especially fish. Mentions continuous warfare with Nebomes, Mayos. says Yaquis, surrounded by enemies, unable to leave territory, desire friendship with Nebomes especially, because Yaquis wish to trade with Guaymas (Seri group), parientes de los Nebomes. for shells, beads. Notes scattered Rancheria style settlement pattern from Tesano to sea (14 leagues). Houses of petate, located near fields. Describes aid Yaqui leaders in missionization process. Stresses isolated, beleaguered nature Yaqui society, desire for security from enemies. Notes that although Yaqui leaders don't possess power over others, their example respected, followed. Describes friendly reception missionaries. 1600 children baptized. Adults feared baptism because of epidemic (cocoliztli), which they equated with Sacrament. says Yaquis beginning to build Adobe homes. Also states Yaquis chose 12 sites for reduction 16,000 inhabitants to permanent settlements, 2 of which uncomfortable and will be reduced finally to 10. Nuris noted as friends of Yaquis, desirous of reduction as well to area with better land. Discusses desire other mountain groups for missionaries. Notes attempts to end indecent dances, drinking bouts, with fiestas de dios. Mentions Indians' preference for beef over wild game. says Yaquis now cutting hair shoulder length instead of wearing it long, customary among warriors. (T. Sheridan) (1976)
Persons
La Cruz, Diego de (Padre)
Pablo (Yaqui Leader)
Perez, Andres
Places
Mayo (Rio
Montesclaros
Serranias de Topia
Tesano
Ethnic Groups
Yaquis
Nebomes
Yaiamas (Guaymas-Seris)
Nures
Sues
Busos
Vacinoas
Tetaribes
Tehatas
Conicares
Tepahues
Warihios
First Location
CU-BANC. M-M 0227 pp. 0579-0583; 0943-0952
Original Location
CU-BANC. M-M 0227 Pp. 0579-0583; 093-0952
Other Location
CU-BANC. Memorias Para la Historia de la Provincia de Sinaloa
Language
Spanish
Notes
Excellent document
Batch Reference Number
1816
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
La Cruz
Pablo
Perez
Beginning Date Month
June
Beginning Date (repacked)
06-13-1617
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/15986
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Fray Damian Masanett. Masanett's diario of trip from San Salvador mission to mission San Francisco de los Texas; related documents.

Serial Number
210-00008
Title
Fray Damian Masanett. Masanett's diario of trip from San Salvador mission to mission San Francisco de los Texas; related documents.
Author(s)
Masanett, Damian (Fray)
Date
08-20-1691
Documentation
San Francisco de los Texas. August 20, 1691. Peticion. Copy.
Summary
Franciscans request at least 10 soldiers be sent to Bahia del Espiritu Santo, noting that Indians in area enemies of Europeans, and had killed French, English, Spanish and Dutch without ever being punished (7/19/1691). Military officials discuss whether expedition should press on to territory of Texas Indians or remain at Bahia (7/21/1691). Franciscan diario of trip from San Salvador mission in Coahuila to mission San Francisco de los Texas (5/16-8/20, 1691), noting- encounter with Indian groups- Mescales, Yoricas, Chomes, Machomes, Parachacas, Pamanes- living between Rio Grande, Rio Sabinos, all of who rely on buffalo, wild food gathering, none of whom hunt; difficulties traveling with livestock- cattle, goats, sheep- because of rivers in flood, poor pasturage, etc; Flora, fauna, geography, often giving Indian names for places; resources of Rio Nueces area, including many walnuts, buffalo, fish; arrival Indians, many different naciones to trade for tobacco, knives, rosaries, etc. (See 201); visit to Rancheria of payay Indians, nacion Muy grande, choma, Cibola, caynaaya Indians live along Rio Grande and are enemies of Apaches, who fight everyone except Salineros, Apaches described mui-Guerreros who fight with armed horses; chomas described as yndios que en el parraly y Nueva Mexico llaman jumanes, who hunt buffalo from source of Rio Guadalupe to land of Texas during warm time of year, returning to riverine homes during winter; arrival of ships from Veracruz at Espiritu Santo; friendly greeting by Texas Indians, who mourned death of one missionary, many others from unnamed enfermedad. Excellent information on Indians of southern, central, eastern Texas. (T. Sheridan) (1977)
Persons
Teran de los Rios, Domingo de (Gobernador de Texas)
Martinez, Francisco (Capitan)
Masanett, Damian (Fray) (OFM)
Places
Espiritu Santo (Bahia)
San Salvador del Valle de Santiago (Coahuila Mision)
San Francisco de los Texas (Mision)
Coahuila (Provincia)
Sabinos (Rio)
Nueces (Rio)
Espiritu Santo (Bahia)
Ethnic Groups
Franceses
Ingleses
Holandeses
Texas
Mescales
Yoricas
Chomes
Machomes
Pamanes
Quemos
Pacpules
Ocanas
Chaguanes
Pactaluces
Paaces
Sanpanales
Patchales
Papanacas
Carchiquis
Paquachiames
Aguapalamas
Samampaces
Vanas
Payabanes
Patavos
Putahays
Patsaus
Payayes
Chumans
Cauguecas
Cantonas
Cabas
Sanas
Tojos
Toaas
Cholomes
Cibolas
Caynaayas
Apaches
Salineros
Jumanes
Muruames
Parchacas
Apaycis
First Location
TXU, Tex. Hist. Ctr. Arch. S. Fran. El grande 2q248 835 v. 010 pp. 047-080
Original Location
BNM, Mexico, Arch. S. Fran. El Grande
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
4657
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Teran de los Rios
Martinez
Masanett
Beginning Date Month
August
Beginning Date (repacked)
08-20-1691
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/15928
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Francisco Elizondo. Entrada of Francisco Elizondo into province of Coahuila to reduce Chichimeca Indians there.

Serial Number
210-00004
Title
Francisco Elizondo. Entrada of Francisco Elizondo into province of Coahuila to reduce Chichimeca Indians there.
Author(s)
Elizondo, Francisco
Date
01-02-1674
Date
02-19-1674
Documentation
Santiago del Saltillo. January 2 - February 19, 1674. Auto. Photostat.
Summary
Elizondo entrada into province of Coahuila to Rio de las Sabinas 60 leagues north of Saltillo. Encounters various Indian groups, including some suffering from viruelas (small pox), called by names of their capitanes (See 022). Indians apparently sick, hungry, petitioning for reduccion. Describes poverty of country, noting that Indians don't know how to farm, and subsist only on raises y frutas de su tierra. Grants Indians lands along Rio de los Sabinas, advises that no Spaniards be allowed into area because of horror gran Indians have of them, nor should Spaniards be allowed to pass thru to hunt buffalo. (T. Sheridan) (1977)
Persons
Elizondo, Francisco de (Justicia Mayor y Capitan de Guerra de Saltillo)
Larios, Juan (Fray)
Huiquechal (Indian Capitan)
Bohole (Indian Capitan)
Manos Prietas (Indian Capitan) Pinaneca (Indian Capitan)
Obaya (Indian Capitan)
Babaymore (Indian Capitan)
Zupulama (Indian)
Omomones (Indian Capitan)
Xicocoje (Indian Capitan)
Places
Santiago del Saltillo (Villa)
Quahuila (Coahuila) (Provincia)
Sabinas (Rio)
Nuestra Senora de la Guadalupe (Villa)
Norte (Rio)
San Ildefonso de la Paz (Puesto)
Ethnic Groups
Xicocojes
Boboles
Huiguechales
Chichimecas
First Location
TXU, Tex. Hist. Ctr. Arch. S. Fran. El grande 2q248 835 v. 001 pp. 063-078
Original Location
BNM, Mexico, Arch. S. Fran. El Grande Leg. 0094 no. 03a ff. 063-078
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
4628
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Elizondo
Larios
Beginning Date Month
January
End Date Month
February
Beginning Date (repacked)
01-02-1674
End Date (repacked)
02-19-1674
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/15924
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

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