Indians (Social And Moral Characteristics)

el pronto regreso del coreo extraordinario que dirigi al senor comandante general de esas provincias don Pedro de Nava . . .

Serial Number
041-04017
Title
el pronto regreso del coreo extraordinario que dirigi al senor comandante general de esas provincias don Pedro de Nava . . .
Author(s)
Borica, Diego de
Nava, Pedro de
Merino, Manuel
and others
Date
10-29-1792
Date
12-05-1792
Documentation
Arispe. October 29 to December 5, 1792. 40p. Letters. Signed.
Summary
Four letters discussing same topic of Lipan pacification. Borica suggests sending reinforcements to Norte against invasion Lipanes are planning, according to info from Mescalero Capitancillos, who ask defense of their camps if necessary. He suggests using Opatas, other Sonoran troops to conquer Quegocac's camp, only one still hostile. Mescalero Capitancillos give proof of their friendship with Spaniards by Murdering two Lipan families of Pino-blanco's camp that had come to deal peace agreements; Spanish plan to retract their support in light of such barbarous action. Lipanes are divided, some wanting to stay at war, some wishing reconciliation. Mention of method suggested by Diaz for conquering Lipanes preferring war. F.441 is considerably bright. F.445 begins to speak of christianizing Apaches. Mentions need to obstruct trade between Lipanes and Indians further north. (A. Dean, October 1989)
Persons
Nava, Pedro de (Comandante General)
Diaz, Domingo (Capitan)
Volante (Capitancillo Mescalero)
Alegre (Capitancillo Mescalero)
Josef (Capitancillo Mescalero)
Borica, Diego de
Pino Blanco (Capitancillo Lipan)
Calvo (Capitancillo Lipiyan Aka Natage Aka Picax-Ande)
Natage (Capitancillo Lipiyan Aka Calvo Aka Picax-Ande)
Picax-Ande (Capitancillo Lipiyan Aka Natage Aka Calvo)
Concha, Fernando de la (Gobernador)
Castro, Ramon de (Comandante General)
Munoz, Manuel (Gobernador)
Revilla Gigedo, Conde de (Virrey)
Merino, Manuel
Quegocac (Capitancillo Apache)
Places
Norte (Presidio)
Nueva Vizcaya
Sonora
Nuevo Mexico
Santa Fe (Presidio)
Principe (Presidio)
Carrizal (Presidio)
San Elzeario (Presidio)
Santa Rosa (Valle)
Rio Grande (Presidio)
Laredo (Villa)
Lampazos (Punta)
Texas
Bejar, San Antonio de
Arispe
Coaguila
Santander
Ethnic Groups
Lipanes
Opatas
Mezcaleros
Apaches
Yutas
Comanches
Vidais
Tancagues
Mayeyes
Orcoquisas
Military Groups
Sonora, Tropas de Opatas de
Nueva Vizcaya, Companias Presidiales de
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 170 ff. 436-455
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 170 ff. 436-455
Language
Spanish
Notes
Folios not numbered, not chronological.
Reference Number
17000017
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Borica
Nava
Merino
Merino
Person Last Name
Nava
Diaz
Volante
Alegre
Josef
Borica
Pino Blanco
Calvo
Natage
Picax-Ande
Concha
Castro
Munoz
Revilla Gigedo
Merino
Beginning Date Month
October
End Date Month
December
Beginning Date (repacked)
10-29-1792
End Date (repacked)
12-05-1792
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/11251
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
General Subjects
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

las rancherias de Volante Alegre, Jose, Esquin-yoet, Montera Blanca, ca cuerno berde, se hallan a la vista de este presidio

Serial Number
041-04015
Title
las rancherias de Volante Alegre, Jose, Esquin-yoet, Montera Blanca, ca cuerno berde, se hallan a la vista de este presidio
Author(s)
Diaz, Domingo (Capitan)
Nava, Pedro de (Brigadier)
Castro, Ramon de (Comandante General)
and others
Date
09-01-1792
Date
10-31-1792
Documentation
Chihuahua, norte, Arispe. September 1 to October 31, 1792. 62p. Letters, signed.
Summary
Letters between viceroy, comandante generals discussing peace negotiations with Lipanes. F.400 describes location of camps of Apache Capitancillos, some of whom have gone to rejoin their bands; mentions none are on horseback. F.401 mentions treaties with various Apache bands of Nueva Vizcaya, suggests those now seeking peace are false, should be considered a disease and exterminated . . . Subsist on war, only pretending to wish peace. detail on Spanish idea of Lipan character. F.416 mentions severe rains of October, 1792 making travel miserable. F.418-421 discusses part of real reglamiento de presidios (apparently) stating that opposition to treaties with Indians is diametrically opposed to spirit of peace Spanish are trying to convey. F.424 discusses heirarchy of bands of Apaches, good detail. F.426 mentions Mescaleras curing bison meat. F.427 discusses broad union of Mescaleros, Lipanos, llaneros seemingly for hunting together; mentions murder of Lipanes by Spanish civilians, what to do with captives. (A. Dean, October 1989)
Persons
Volante (Capitancillo Mescalero)
Esquin-Yoet (Lipan)
Alegre (Capitancillo Mescalero)
Jose (Capitancillo Mescalero)
Nataxe (Lipan)
Bermexo
Boca Tuerta (Lipan)
Nava, Pedro de (Brigadier)
Diaz, Domingo
Revilla Gigedo, Conde de (Virrey)
Borica, Diego (Teniente Coronel)
Castro, Ramon de (Comandante General)
Gutierrez de la Cueva, Juan (Teniente Coronel)
Galvez, Conde de
Croix, Cavallero de
Florez, Manuel Antonio
Merino, Manuel
Pino Blanco (Lipan)
Aramburu, Blas de (Teniente)
Montera Blanca (Lipan)
Cuerno Berde (Lipan)
Calbo, El (Capitancillo Llanero)
Places
Pinon (Sierra)
Colorado (Rio)
Picota (Paraje)
Norte (Presidio)
Sonora
Chiguagua
Nueva Vizcaya
Coahuila
Janos
Arispe
Saltillo (Villa)
Bejar, San Antonio de (Presidio)
Santa Rosa (Valle)
San Fernando (Villa)
Carrizal
San Saba
San Geronimo
Nuevo Mexico
Ethnic Groups
Lipanes
Mescaleros
Mimbrenos
Apaches
Llaneros
Yutas
Comanches
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 170 ff. 400-430
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 170 ff. 400-430
Language
Spanish
Notes
Folios not numbered, not chronological, part of some pages lost in gutter; ff.406, 423 duplicated.
Reference Number
17000015
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Diaz
Nava
Castro
Castro
Person Last Name
Volante
Esquin-Yoet
Alegre
Jose
Nataxe
Bermexo
Boca Tuerta
Nava
Diaz
Revilla Gigedo
Borica
Castro
Gutierrez de la Cueva
Galvez
Croix
Florez
Merino
Pino Blanco
Aramburu
Montera Blanca
Cuerno Berde
Calbo
Beginning Date Month
September
End Date Month
October
Beginning Date (repacked)
09-01-1792
End Date (repacked)
10-31-1792
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/11249
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
General Subjects
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

dos cartas he recivido de v.e. una con fecha 25 de febrero y otra de 7 de marzo ultimos ambas relativas . . . .

Serial Number
041-04007
Title
dos cartas he recivido de v.e. una con fecha 25 de febrero y otra de 7 de marzo ultimos ambas relativas . . . .
Author(s)
Castro, Ramon de
Date
04-03-1792
Documentation
Santa Rosa. Apr 3, 1792. 30p. Letter. Signed.
Summary
Clear, well-written letter from Castro to Revilla Gigeda expressing Castro's disapproval of peace negotiations with Lipanes. F.239 mentions eight Lipanes appearing at Norte to negotiate, having already made independent treaties with comandante generals of Texas, Coahuila. F.242 says no hay duda que la congregacion Lipana Es el Brazo derecho de la Apacheria . . . . this reads as a general report, broken down by region, discussing alliances, similarities, hostilities among tribes (mostly Lipanes, Lipayanes, Apaches); localities, moral characteristics, problems with various tribes. Castro seemed; to intend it as treatise explaining reasons for not allowing peace with Lipanes. Reasons include Lipanes' arrogance, malice, inherent falseness, spying, insolence, etc. Mentions Apaches stealing Spanish weapons to use against them. Mentions Soquina (Comanche) speaking against Apaches. Though extremely biased against Indians, letter has excellent information on attitudes, relationships between Apaches, Spaniards. (A. Dean, October 1989)
Persons
Bilcusatliche (Lipan)
Ugalde, Juan de (Brigadier)
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo (Comandante General)
Nava, Pedro de (Comandante General)
Galvez, Conde de
Calvo (Capitancillo Lipayan)
Diaz de Bustamante, Joseph Ramon (Capitan)
Sax, Zapato (Capitan) (Pacheco Indio)
Menchaca, Joseph Xavier (Alferez)
Croix, Cavallero de
Soquina (Capitan Comanche)
Castro, Ramon de
Revilla Gigedo, Conde de (Virrey)
Places
Norte (Presidio)
Coahuila
Texas
San Fernando (Villa)
Leon (Nuevo Reyno)
Nuevo Santander
Nueva Vizcaya
Nueces (Rio)
Laredo (Presidio)
Bejar, San Antonio de (Presidio)
Monclova
San Juan Bautista (Presidio)
Santa Rosa (Valle)
Ethnic Groups
Lipanes
Mescalero
Apache
Mescaleros
Comanches
Vidais
Orcoquiras
Atacapas
Cocos
Lipayanes
Military Groups
Nueva Vizcaya, Tropa de
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 170 ff. 239-253
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 170 ff. 239-253
Language
Spanish
Notes
Folios are numbered 1-15, correspond to 239-253.
Reference Number
17000007
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Bilcusatliche
Ugalde
Ugarte y Loyola
Nava
Galvez
Calvo
Diaz de Bustamante
Sax
Menchaca
Croix
Soquina
Castro
Revilla Gigedo
Beginning Date Month
April
Beginning Date (repacked)
04-03-1792
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/11241
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
General Subjects
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

visita de la jurisdiccion del oro con que dio cuenta el comisionado, y se remitio al senor comandante general don Pedro de Nava ....

Serial Number
041-03880
Title
visita de la jurisdiccion del oro con que dio cuenta el comisionado, y se remitio al senor comandante general don Pedro de Nava ....
Author(s)
Borica, Diego de (Teniente Coronel)
Nava, Pedro de (Comandante General)
Revilla Gigedo, Conde de
Date
02-06-1791
Date
09-18-1792
Documentation
Mexico, estancia de rio florido, Chihuahua. February 16, 1791 - September 18, 1792. 30pp. Approximate. Letters. Originals, copies. Being abstacted here; submittal of the diario de comision and quaderno by Borica; resumption of visita throughout Nueva Vizcaya by Borica in accordance with orders received by Revilla gigedo despite the deterioration of the horses with one of the primary purposes of checking the abuse of indians within the mission system; diario de comision written for visita mentioned above; suspension of Borica's visita due to the rainy season in the remaining jurisdictions to be inspected, decision made to wait so that a proper inspection can be made, delaying the submittal of the recommendations made for the jurisdictions already inspected until entire visita conducted, no incidences of fugitive missions in areas visited so far, problems have emerged on use of indians by jueces and misioneros without remuneration and also in the administration of justice system; Borica fulfilling the duties of ayudante inspector in the villa where he is located until the rainy season passes; content of Borica's visits which include information on Spanish and indian populations, haciendas and ranches, pardon of 4 prisoners sentenced to death, 6 thieves, aprehension of various delinquents and fugitive indians from the missions and their rehabilitation, population figures for indians and comments on their activities and unjust use of their labour in agriculture performed for others, remedied this last situation, prohibited the continuation of having indians punished by judges and stimulatd them to respect ministers and apply themselves to the christian religion, inspected archives of the ruling bodies of the 24 jurisdictions for their improvement and coordination, in each pueblo a file established during visita noting number of indians in each, local circumstances, language spoken, character, property owned collectively and individually, pressures they felt and what Borica did to alleviate these, the fact that other measures still need to be implemented, advises haste on the latter, nava seeks virrey's guidance on measures still to be implemented; sealed letter from virrey conde de Revilla gigedo to the fiscal de lo civil summarizing the activities and correspondence associated with Borica's visita as has been done above; acknowledgement made by virrey of correspondence from nava on subject of Borica's visits. (O. Velez, March 1989)
Persons
Borica, Diego de (Teniente Coronel)
Nava, Pedro de (Comandante General)
Revilla Gigedo, Conde de
Places
Florida (Estancia)
Taraumara
Nueva Vizcaya
Tepehuana
Durango
Nombre de Dios
Guanisamey
Basis
Cianori
Tabahueto
Batopilas
Andres de la Sierra
Oro (Real de)
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 162 ff. 101-116 (Approx) exp. 5
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 162 ff. 101-116 (Appro
Language
Spanish
Notes
Folios unnumbered; first in this series begins with the phrase found above in title.
Reference Number
16200008
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Borica
Nava
Revilla Gigedo
Person Last Name
Borica
Nava
Revilla Gigedo
Beginning Date Month
February
End Date Month
September
Beginning Date (repacked)
02-06-1791
End Date (repacked)
09-18-1792
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/8227
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Series of letters from Croix dealing primarily with financial matters such as salaries and sinodos.

Serial Number
041-03872
Title
Series of letters from Croix dealing primarily with financial matters such as salaries and sinodos.
Author(s)
Croix, Cavallero de
Velez Cachupin, Thomas
Date
03-22-1768
Date
08-31-1789
Documentation
Chihuahua, Arispe, Santa Fe. March22, 1768-August 31, 1789. 24p. Letters. Originals, signed.
Summary
Series of vague letters and index of correspondence dealing with requests for financial aid or reimbursement by various civil and religious personnel, all handled somehow by Croix; of particular become soldier, and advice of Concha related to immorality and infidelity of such people; otherwise, little significant data. (D. J. McClelland, February 1989)
Persons
Croix, Marques de
Croix, Cavallero de
Velez Cachupin, Thomas
Tamaron, Pedro (Obispo de Durango)
Villaurrutia
Madrid
Gamboa
Algarin
Luyando
Guebara
Noriega
Gorraez, Jose de
Burgos, Joseph (Fray)
Palacios, Joseph (Fray)
Fernandez, Tomas (Fray)
Guerra, Ambrosio (Fray)
Escorza, Manuel Antonio de (Tesorero)
Guerrero y Fagle, Juaquin Francisco
Mayorga, Martin de
Abad
Alegria
Campo Marin
Marin del Valle, Francisco (Gobernador)
Fages, Pedro
Manuel Anttonio (Indio)
Ruiz Canete, Joseph Francisco
Concha, Fernando de la (Teniente Coronel)
Galvez, Conde de (Virrey)
Loyola (Comandante General)
Beregana (Tesorero)
Places
Santa Fee (Presidio)
Alburquerque
Paso del Rio del Norte
Canada
Nambe (Mision)
Pecos (Mision)
Taos (Mision)
Nuevo Mexico (Provincia)
Californias
Yucatan (Provincia)
Chihuahua
Arispe
Durango
Military Groups
Campeche, Milicias de
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 161 ff. 446-458
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 161 ff. 446-458
Language
Spanish
Reference Number
16100021
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Croix
Velez Cachupin
Person Last Name
Croix
Croix
Velez Cachupin
Tamaron
Villaurrutia
Madrid
Gamboa
Algarin
Luyando
Guebara
Noriega
Gorraez
Burgos
Palacios
Fernandez
Guerra
Escorza
Guerrero y Fagle
Mayorga
Abad
Alegria
Campo Marin
Marin del Valle
Fages
Manuel Anttonio
Ruiz Canete
Concha
Galvez
Beginning Date Month
March
End Date Month
August
Beginning Date (repacked)
03-22-1768
End Date (repacked)
08-31-1789
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/8219
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Reports from captains and governors of Sonora to viceroy regarding physical and spiritual condition of region.

Serial Number
041-03689
Title
Reports from captains and governors of Sonora to viceroy regarding physical and spiritual condition of region.
Author(s)
Sastre, Mateo
Corvalan, Pedro
Vildosola, Antonio de
and others
Date
11-30-1772
Date
01-08-1773
Documentation
November 30, 1772-January 8, 1773. 130p. Informe. Signed.
Summary
Concerns an entire range of mission activities as described by Sonoran leaders to viceroy. Contains many suggestions for administration of missions, mostly on treatment of Indians. Quotes original purpose of conquest as stated by Alexandro VI. expresses need for schools, the teaching of Castellano, written permission for traveling Indians, static position of priests, appointment of two priests in case of illness and even distribution of Spanish population. Discusses the punishment of Indians, prohibiting them from liquor, gambling and salary advances. Describes Indian life and agriculture, their crops, cattle and weavings. Priests want them to establish in towns accessible to church in homes of stone or Adobe which resist fire. Relates difficulties and distances in reaching jobs and transporting goods. States that each Indian should have a horse to hunt Javali with their zaetas and harpoons. Hiaquis are hardworking but basically very lazy so must be given fruitful labor and compensate accordingly to men, women and children over 10. Spanish should not be permitted to buy Indian homes or land. Suggests jobs which benefit others such as in mines. Concerns Indian obligation to church in terms of tribute, priests salary and community building. Asks tithes from Durango be passed to Sonora. Describes gold and silver adornments and wine supplies of some churches and destruction of others due to Zeris and Pimas. Description of trip made by Ganzes to know and convert Indians. Finally, while Indian foreman should be chosen to give priests more freedom, governors should be appointed not elected by Indians. (M. Dannemiller, October 1987)
Persons
Sastre, Mateo
Corvalan, Pedro
Vildosola, Antonio de
Anza, Juan Baptista de
Lumbreras, Juan Jose
Urrea, Bernardo
Alexandro VI (Pontifice)
Fernando (Rey)
Isabella (Reina)
Gil de Bernabe, Juan Chrisostomo
Phelipe (Rey)
Bucareli y Ursua, Antonio Maria (Virrey)
Ganzes, Francisco (Fray)
Places
San Ignacio (Pueblo)
Pimeria Alta
Pimeria Baja
Queretaro, Santa Cruz de
Carriza, Jesus del (Mision)
Puebla
Michoacan
San Miguel de Horcasitas (Presidio)
San Antonio de la Huerta
Ostimuri
Sinaloa
Durango
Fronteras (Presidio)
Tubac (Presidio)
Papagueria
Jila (Rio)
Sonora
San Francisco (Colegio)
Santa Gertudis del Altar (Presidio)
Bac, San Xavier del (Mision)
Monterrey
San Carlos de Buena Vista
Ethnic Groups
Hiaquis
Opatas
Endebes
Pimas Altos
Pimas Bajos
Zeris
Guaimas
Papagos
Apaches
Sobaipunis
Niforas
Cocomaricopas
Mestizos
Negros
Pardos
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 152 ff. 143-208
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 152 ff. 143-208
Language
Spanish
Reference Number
15200006
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Sastre
Corvalan
Vildosola
Vildosola
Person Last Name
Sastre
Corvalan
Vildosola
Anza
Lumbreras
Urrea
Alexandro VI
Fernando
Isabella
Gil de Bernabe
Phelipe
Bucareli y Ursua
Ganzes
Beginning Date Month
November
End Date Month
January
Beginning Date (repacked)
11-30-1772
End Date (repacked)
01-08-1773
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/8036
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Letters from clergy to virrey Bucarely acknowledging receipt of instructions regarding the new method of mission government

Serial Number
041-03686
Title
Letters from clergy to virrey Bucarely acknowledging receipt of instructions regarding the new method of mission government
Author(s)
Gonzales, Miguel (Fray)
Garcia Figueroa, Francisco (Fray) and others
Date
09-04-1772
Date
11-16-1772
Documentation
September 4, 1772-November 16, 1772. 48p. Letters copy
Summary
Contains letters from various priests concerning their ability or inability to apply the new method to their areas. Gonzales relates difficulties in promoting the plan due to the nature of the land and the temperament of the Indians. Concerns the location of missions and needed incentives to keep Indians in missions. Describes the roles of the missionaries as fathers, teachers and employers. Provisions for the sick and elderly. Discusses suspending the synod, expense records and an annual auditor to be sent by virrey. Relates deterioration and depopulation of missions of Chihuahua, condition of other missions and need to have Indians congregated there - not sent to Spanish haciendas. Discusses fact that Indians in Moqui are pacified due to fact that they live with christians, need for more missionaries and military to assure this type of peace and avoid violence such as with the Apaches. Includes a complete list of missions that received the virrey's instructions of July 13, 1772. (M. Dannemiller, October 1987)
Persons
Banos, Joachin (Fray)
Arricivita, Julio Domingo (Fray)
Ruiz, Joachin (Fray)
Hernandez, Julio (Fray)
Flores, Sebastian (Fray)
Pinillo, Miguel
Canal, Antonio
Garrido, Pedro
Gualeguas
Gonzales, Miguel (Fray)
Garcia Figueroa, Francisco (Fray)
Bucarely y Ursua (Virrey)
Places
California (Peninsula)
Mexico, San Domingo de (Convento)
San Luis Potosi (Mision)
San Francisco (Mision)
Namiguapa (Mision)
Rio Grande (Mision)
Leon
Zacatecas
Queretaro
Tampico
Pimeria
Nuevo Mexico
Moqui (Provincia)
Zuni (Mision)
Sandia (Mision)
Galisteo (Pueblo)
Gemes (Pueblo)
Zia (Pueblo)
Santa Clara (Pueblo)
Santa Fee (Presidio)
Chihuahua
Sonora
Mexico, San Francisco de (Convento)
Valladolid
Guadalajara
Ethnic Groups
Apaches
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 152 ff. 070-093
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 152 ff. 070-093
Language
Spanish
Reference Number
15200002
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Gonzales
Garcia Figueroa
Person Last Name
Banos
Arricivita
Ruiz
Hernandez
Flores
Pinillo
Canal
Garrido
Gualeguas
Gonzales
Garcia Figueroa
Beginning Date Month
September
End Date Month
November
Beginning Date (repacked)
09-04-1772
End Date (repacked)
11-16-1772
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/8033
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Letters from clergy of Sonora regarding the new method for physical and spiritual development in new and established missions

Serial Number
041-03685
Title
Letters from clergy of Sonora regarding the new method for physical and spiritual development in new and established missions
Author(s)
Munoz, Alonso (Fray)
Garay, Domingo de (Fray)
Cartagena, Romualdo (Fray)
and others
Date
09-10-1772
Date
10-27-1772
Documentation
September 10, 1772-October 27, 1772. 137p. Letter copy
Summary
Concerns frays' thoughts on the virrey's new method the ultimate goal of which is firm establishment of reducidos, establishment of new missions and development of missions perfection of spiritual culture and progression of spiritual conquest in north America. Effectiveness of method to depend on proper maintenance, election of qualified ecclesiastic as well secular workers chosen by prelados regulares and enactment of exact rules for missionaries and governors to follow. Concerns necessity for fortified presidios and expedition of Spanish forces with knowledge of nature and enemy's ways to protect missions against increasing movements of infidels on frontier. Petition for virrey's attention regarding proper wages for troops, ministers' salaries reimbursement for expenses incurred and maintenance of synods. Financial provisions to be made by instituting proxy for each province containing missions. Frays advise that to achieve goal, need to populate new areas, and establish new missions in most fertile areas. Indians should learn at the mission weaving or another laborio for commerce and must only be taken from mission for a true service of the crown. Detailed description of missionary duties and rules for the conversion of souls. Mention of Solorzano and book iure indiarum. Description of projects to be undertaken after seeds, raise birds and instruct converts in political and personal relations. Ministers must be most literate and must teach Indians Castellano. Missions must have a teacher and a school. Discusses Indian ideas on land ownership, but recommends a system of common land for Indians until their sufficient yield to divide it. Ideas expressed on Indian behavior, appropriate religious practices, mandatory daily town meetings to explain catholic concepts and use of agriculture, trade and kind treatment to attract Indians or return them to missions. Noted that Pimas are lazy and have few useful skills while Opatas are more hard-working and skilled due to more interaction with the Spanish. Concerns also need for doctors and hospitals. Discusses baptisms, Indian government and Indian obedience to their superiors. (M. Dannemiller, October 1987)
Persons
Munoz, Alonso (Fray)
Bucareli y Ursua, Antonio (Virrey)
Reyes, Antonio de los (Fray)
Garay, Domingo de (Fray)
Solorzano
Torrevilla (Padre)
Croix, Marques de
Buenaventura Ruiz de Esparza, Antonio (Fray)
Cartagena, Romualdo (Fray)
Torrevilla, Martin (Fray)
Quiroga, Basco de
Montenegro
Lopez, Melchon (Fray)
Jesus, Antonio Margil de
Valero, Marques de
Rebullida, Pablo de la (Fray)
Cassa Fuente
Places
Guadalajara, San Francisco de (Convento)
Queretaro, Santa Cruz de (Colegio)
Sonora
Coahuila
Mexico, San Diego de
Zacatecas, Guadalupe de (Colegio)
Durango
Michoacan
Pimeria Alta
Pimeria Baja
Guathemala (Audiencia)
Texas
Rio Grande
San Bernardo, Nuestra Senora de la Punta (Mision)
San Baptista (Mision)
Ethnic Groups
Pimas
Opatas
Lacandones
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 152 ff. 001-069
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 152 ff. 001-069
Language
Spanish
Notes
Page 67 is printed twice
Reference Number
15200001
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Munoz
Garay
Cartagena
Cartagena
Person Last Name
Munoz
Bucareli y Ursua
Reyes
Garay
Solorzano
Torrevilla
Croix
Buenaventura Ruiz de Esparza
Cartagena
Torrevilla
Quiroga
Montenegro
Lopez
Jesus
Valero
Rebullida
Beginning Date Month
September
End Date Month
October
Beginning Date (repacked)
09-10-1772
End Date (repacked)
10-27-1772
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/8032
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Bucareli's expediente regarding complaint of mistreatment of pisones by fray Estrada at Hoyos mission.

Serial Number
041-03472
Title
Bucareli's expediente regarding complaint of mistreatment of pisones by fray Estrada at Hoyos mission.
Author(s)
Arecheo
Herrera, Juan Fernando de
Bucareli y Usua, Antonio Maria (Virrey)
and others
Date
09-00-1772
Date
09-30-1773
Documentation
Mexico, aquisimon, San Carlos. December 15, 1772-September 30, 1773. 106 p. Letters, autos, instancia. Originals, signed, copies.
Summary
Complaint by Pizones of mistreatment by fray Estrada of Hoyos mission Indians. Indians were to give labor and land to mission for 4 years in exchange for half of the production and their needs taken care of. For the last 2 weeks rations have not been supplied; missionary not meeting needs. Estrada requested to treat Indians well and return their lands as laws prohibit mistreatment of Indians. Description of mission church at Hoyos. Count of oxen, horses and mules of mission; Indians contest that there were more cattle and that they were more Mature. Request that Ramirez be responsible for management of cattle, previously mismanaged. Estrada has had harvests collected and has spent money all over; sale of almost all mission cattle by Blanco. Discussion of Indians attendance of mass, absence of idolatry. Ordovas to make journey to mission to investigate but complains of illness, distance, and dangerous Mecos which has delayed trip; told he must go despite these excuses. Puga to investigate and return land to Indians. Indians having to travel in search of food. 3 Pizones and a Pame went to Mexico City to testify that a year has passed without rations and land taken by Estrada. Descriptions of vegetable and Milpa crops grown. Testimonies of mission apames and Pizones indicate that Estrada gave corn rations the first two years and describe bloody beating by Alcaldes but directed by Estrada, and Indians given other land of lesser quality. (L. L. Woodward, September 1988)
Persons
Estrada, Joseph de (Fray)
Herrera, Juan Fernando (Procurador)
Cordova, Miguel de (Capitan)
Puga, Antonio (Capitan de las Minas)(Indio)
Ramirez de Arellano, Juan Maria (Licenciado)
Arecheo
Bucareli y Ursua, Antonio Maria (Virrey)
Ordovas, Joseph de (Capitan)(Corregidor)
Ramirez, Antonio (Teniente)
Gonzales de Santianes, Vezente (Gobernador)
Baragar, Joseph de
Zaraquin (Teniente)
Cruz, Baltazar de la
Billa Juarez, Francisco
Aro, Pablo Antonio de
Lopes de Lara, Josef
Ventura, Joseph (Pizon)
Vidal y Figueroa, Manuel (Fray)
Panola, Juan
Blanco (Padre)
Guerrero (Padre)
Gorraez, Joseph de
Cordova Samalloa, Diego Antonio (Licenciado)
Torres, Joseph Luis
Gomes, Joseph Mariano
Peramas, Melchor de
Puente, Francisco
Quitano, Antonio de
Francisco Xavier (Pizon)
Pedrasa, Joseph Antonio
Josef Martin (Pame)
Tinagero, Nicolas
Maria Josef (India)
Soto, Juan Sebastian
Ximenez, Juan
Nava, Juan Cristobal
Diego Martin (Pame)
Juan Santiago (Pame)
Asevedo, Maria (Pame)
Reyes, Juan Melchor de los (Pame)
Castillo, Juana Maria (Pame)
Juan Christoval (Pame)
Peruche, Pedro (Pame)
Brito, Santiago
Places
Jolla de Luna
Orcasitas, Altamina
Pameria (Pueblo)
Nueva Santander
Hoyos, Nuesta Senora de la Soledad de (Mision)
Santa Barvara (Villa)
Aguayo (Villa)
Valles, Santiago de los (Villa)
San Carlos (Villa)
Cordova, San Miguel de
Aquismon
Palmitas
Xaymago
Ethnic Groups
Pizones
Pames
Mecos
Chichimecos
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 140 ff. 001-053 exp. 1
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 140 ff. 001-053 exp. 1
Language
Spanish
Notes
Letter incomplete/out of order
Reference Number
14000001
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Arecheo
Herrera
Herrera
Bucareli y Usua
Bucareli y Usua
Person Last Name
Estrada
Herrera
Cordova
Puga
Ramirez de Arellano
Arecheo
Bucareli y Ursua
Ordovas
Ramirez
Gonzales de Santianes
Baragar
Zaraquin
Cruz
Billa Juarez
Aro
Lopes de Lara
Ventura
Vidal y Figueroa
Panola
Blanco
Guerrero
Gorraez
Cordova Samalloa
Torres
Gomes
Peramas
Puente
Quitano
Francisco Xavier
Pedrasa
Josef Martin
Tinagero
Maria Josef
Soto
Ximenez
Nava
Diego Martin
Juan Santiago
Asevedo
Reyes
Castillo
Juan Christoval
Peruche
Brito
End Date Month
September
Beginning Date (repacked)
1772
End Date (repacked)
09-30-1773
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/7819
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
General Subjects
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Series of document on organization of militias in Nayarit and Bolanos arguing the need to protect Spanish assets and maritime transportation.

Serial Number
041-03298
Title
Series of document on organization of militias in Nayarit and Bolanos arguing the need to protect Spanish assets and maritime transportation.
Author(s)
Vivanco, Antonio de
Valcarcel, Domingo
Date
11-22-1777
Date
08-06-1779
Documentation
Colotlan, Bolanos, Mexico. November 22, 1777-August 9, 1779. 64p. Letters, informes, autos, peticiones. Copies.
Summary
Concerns Series of documents dealing with organization of militia in Nayarit, Bolanos and Colotlan to protect mines, presidios and cargo. Arrangements are made to bring weapons from Spain. Administrative personnel being selected. (M. Marroquin, August 1989)
Persons
Martinez de Soria, Juan Josef
Villar Gutierrez, Phelipe del
Bucareli y Ursua, Antonio Maria (Virrey)
Valcarcel, Domingo
Rodriguez del Valle, Alfonso
Revilla Gigedo, Conde de (Virrey)
Puente, Gabriel de la
Sarachaga, Josef
Gonzalez del Campillo, Fernando (Teniente)
Benites, Agustin
Saucedo, Joseph de
Gorospe y Padilla, Diego (Comerciante)
Vivanco, Antonio
Places
Bolanos (Real)
Nayarit (Presidio)
Asquiltan
Cadiz
Veracruz (Puerto)
Cuilacatitlan (Pueblo)
Pochotitlan (Pueblo)
Jaltenango (Pueblo)
Guadalaxara
Colotlan
Potosi
Guanajuato
Horcasitas
Taltenango (Valle)
Castilla (Reino)
Barcelona
Fresnillo
Ethnic Groups
Camoteros
Military Groups
Compania de Indios Flecheros
Compania de Dragones
Dragones Montados
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 130 ff. 345-377 exp. 3
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 130 ff. 345-377 exp. 3
Language
Spanish
Reference Number
13000014
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Vivanco
Valcarcel
Person Last Name
Martinez de Soria
Villar Gutierrez
Bucareli y Ursua
Valcarcel
Rodriguez del Valle
Revilla Gigedo
Puente
Sarachaga
Gonzalez del Campillo
Benites
Saucedo
Gorospe y Padilla
Vivanco
Beginning Date Month
November
End Date Month
August
Beginning Date (repacked)
11-22-1777
End Date (repacked)
08-06-1779
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/7645
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
General Subjects
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

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