Banditry

Letter by Tarahumara missionaries to virrey Casafuerte; response of virrey

Serial Number
041-01660
Title
Letter by Tarahumara missionaries to virrey Casafuerte; response of virrey
Author(s)
Ydiaques, Antonio
Hierro, Juan Manuel
Garfias, Bernardo
and others
Date
03-06-1730
Date
06-16-1730
Documentation
Nonohava, Mexico. March6, June 16, 1730. Letter, testimonios, notes. Copy.
Summary
Concerns Jesuit missionaries' strong arguments against new regulation of presidios with various explanations on why it is in error; notes on weakness of Rivera inspection; character of settlement system; problem of banditry that is destroying provincial commerce; wants increase in road patrols; problems of civil government; crosses of dead along highways; expenses of defense; distractions of visiting officials to area; advocates increase in presidial strength; reflects on character of Indian wars, missionization and enemy; comments on opinions of capitan-inspector Retanas; use of la Mal yerva; current quiet of Indians; system used to govern Indians; abuses of Indian labor (and consequences of fugitivism and banditry); tactical limitations of mounted troops in Sierra; contrasts of european and new world military theaters; retarded social and economic character of region; virrey acknowledges receipt of letter. (J. Williams, may 1987)
Persons
Rivera, Pedro (Brigadier)
Berrotaran, Josef (Capitan)
Fernandez Retanas, Juan (Capitan)
Galvez (Conde)
Casafuerte (Marques)
Ydiaques, Antonio
Estrada, Ygnacio Xavier
Palma, Blas
Hierro, Juan Manuel
Dios de Morales, Juan Jesus
Garfias, Bernardo
Moran, Joseph (Fray)
Places
Taraumara Alta
Veracruz
Durango
Nueva Vizcaya
Papigodu (Pueblo)
Mexico
Santa Fee (Villa)
Nonohava
Nueva Mexico
Ethnic Groups
Taraumares
Apaches
Military Groups
Compania del Palacio
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 069 ff. 134-155
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 069 ff. 134-155
Language
Spanish
Notes
Copy of June 16, 1730 by fr. Moran, ff. 134-135 vizcaya desde el ano de 1730 hasta el 1771 inclusive, re-copied by Antonio Bonilla, Mexico 4 June, 1793
Reference Number
6900014
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Ydiaques
Hierro
Garfias
Garfias
Person Last Name
Rivera
Berrotaran
Fernandez Retanas
Casafuerte
Ydiaques
Estrada
Palma
Hierro
Dios de Morales
Garfias
Moran
Beginning Date Month
March
End Date Month
June
Beginning Date (repacked)
03-06-1730
End Date (repacked)
06-16-1730
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/6007
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
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Letter of Gallardo to virrey Cruillas

Serial Number
041-01657
Title
Letter of Gallardo to virrey Cruillas
Author(s)
Gallardo, Josef Rafael (Licenciado)
Date
10-21-1761
Documentation
Mexico. October 21, 1761. 41p. Letter. Copy
Summary
Gallardo reflects on nature of Indian wars and present crisis of Nueva Vizcaya; comments on return of Yaquis from Valle de San Buenaventura; reorganization or re-activation of various presidios on Camino real to Chihuahua city; deployment of militia and presidial forces; proposals and comments of Mendoza, Tamaron and Carta; reviews arguments made by those authors; describes frontier military life in harsh terms; problems inherent in military administration; threat of banditry, measures that need to be taken to bring it under control; Indian attacks; places inhabited; dispersal of settlements is major defense problem; areas actually protected by various presidios; possible expenses of reforms; comments on Tamaron's infantry proposal as absurd, claiming they are producto de un celo Santo, y de un concepto in greso Por informes de personas poco instruida en la guerra de los indios; demonstrates Tamaron's calculations in error; describes in detail arms and equipment (Cueras, sables, escopetas), nature of war (unsuited to infantry), advantages of lightly equipped enemy warriors; describes why guns are Inferior to bows and arrows; many details on battle tactics; enemy's lack of formations in battle; stresses war is unconventional struggle de duender; draws comparisons with war in north Africa; praises frontier soldiers; notes present threat of French; notes French weapons trade on south plains; refers to various legal codes; contrasts northern New Spain with other areas being subjected to colonization; emphasizes many shortcomings of New Spain venture; notes use of canary islanders in Texas; lack of plans used in establishing many important settlements; use of Tlaxcaltecans as settlers; many interesting biblical and historical allusions; emphasizes that Spain does not have resources to erect barrier like great Wall of China. Gallardo notes information he is presenting here is based in part on inspection of Nueva Vizcaya, Sinaloa, Sonora of ca. 1750. Document is of great historic merit to any who are interested in later Rubi/Lafora expedition and regulation of 1772. Many of Gallardo's fresh insights have been echoed by later historians such as Thomas and moorhead. (J. Williams, may 1987)
Persons
Gallardo, Josef Rafael (Licenciado)
Cruillas (Marques)
Berroteran, Jose (Capitan)
Ybarogoyen (Capitan)
Lazarga, Lucas
San Miguel de Aguayo (Marques)
Rubin de Celis, Alonso Victorio
Ribera, Pedro (Brigadier)
David
Saul
Chio (Emperador)
Places
San Buenaventura (Valle)
Nueva Vizcaya
Mapimi (Presidio)
China
Chiguagua (Villa)
Guexuquillas
Cerro Gordo (Presidio)
Gallo (Presidio)
Conchos (Presidio)
Parras (Pueblo)
Mapimi (Mineral)
Lazarga, Lucas de (Hacienda)
Coahuila (Presidio)
Santa Rosa (Presidio)
Zonora
Agua Nueva
Santa Clara
Topia (Pueblo)
Tepeguana (Pueblo)
Taraumara (Pueblo)
Nuebo Mexico
Durango
Coahuila
Monclova (Presidio)
San Marcos (Paraje)
Tora (Puerta de)
Saltillo (Villa)
Paso (Presidio)
Janos (Presidio)
Junta (Missiones)
Casas Grandes (Paraje)
San Diego (Paraje)
Pilares (Paraje)
Fronteras (Presidio)
Carrizal (Poblacion)
Grande, San Miguel El
San Luis Potosi
San Felipe
San Fernando (Villa)
Guadalaxara
Junta (Presidio)
Carreso (Paraje)
Herran (Rancho)
Texas
Adaes, Pilar de los (Presidio)
Nachitos (Paraje)
San Saba (Presidio)
America Septentrional
California
Sinaloa
Sonora
Nuevo Santander (Colonia)
Santa Fee (Presidio)
Nuevo Leon
Africa
Trinidad (Rio)
Atlantico (Oceano)
Pacifico del Sur (Oceano)
Matape (Pueblo)(Mision)
Horcasitas, San Miguel
Gila (Rio)
Yucatan
Guatemala
Nueva Galicia
San Pedro (Rio)
Conchos (Rio)
Florido (Rio)
Puebla
Queretaro
Nazas (Rio)
Nuevo Mexico
Nayarit
Chihuahua
Ethnic Groups
Hiaquis
Acodames
Cocoyomes
Terocodames
Cicimbres
Tripas Blancas
Apaches
Mansos
Taraumaras
Tepeguanes
Francesas
Naciones del norte
Moros
Tartaos
Seris
Pimas
Tlaxcaltecos
Polisones
Canariases Guexuquillas, Compania Volante De
Military Groups
Compania Volante de Guexuquillas
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 069 ff. 091-130
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 069 ff. 091-130
Language
Spanish
Notes
Last in series of documents (ff. 41-130) copied by Antonio Bonilla on June 16, 1793, see related comments on ff. 41-49
Reference Number
6900010
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Gallardo
Cruillas
Berroteran
Ybarogoyen
Lazarga
San Miguel de Aguayo
Rubin de Celis
Ribera
Beginning Date Month
October
Beginning Date (repacked)
10-21-1761
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/6004
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Letter of coronel Mendoza to virrey Cruillas and related note

Serial Number
041-01653
Title
Letter of coronel Mendoza to virrey Cruillas and related note
Author(s)
Mendoza, Matheo Antonio (Coronel)
Cruillas, Marques (Virrey)
Date
04-16-1761
Date
07-30-1761
Documentation
Chiguagua, Mexico. April 16 and July 30, 1761. 18p. Letter, note. Copy
Summary
Report concerning retiring governor Mendoza's reflections on Indian wars fought in Nueva Vizcaya; includes comments on presidio deployment; Indian depredations at Chihuahua city and elsewhere; need for permanent guard at that city; great dangers of bandits who threaten supply and bullion convoys; convoys to Nueva Mexico and Sonora; relative weakness of presidial locations; strengthes and weaknesses of each presidio; calls for supplemental forces composed of thirty auxiliary Tarahumara archers for each post; value of auxiliaries as spies in broken terrain; relative cost of financing auxiliary forces; progress of missions in province; customs of mission Indians; describes education of mission Indians; schools; their virtues, livestock and crops. (J. Williams, may 1987)
Persons
Mendoza, Matheo Antonio (Coronel)
Cruillas (Marques)
Campo, Marcial (Conde de San Pedro de Alamo)
Places
Guaxuquilla (Presidio)
Vizcaya
Chiuagua, San Felipe El Real
Mexico
Conchos (Presidio)
Sonora
Nuevo Mexico
Chiuagua (Villa)
Parage (Presidio)
Cerro Gordo, San Miguel (Presidio)
Parras
Junta de los Rios (Presidio)
Santa Rosa (Presidio)
Janos (Presidio)
Jila
San Buenaventura (Valle)
Carrizal (Nueva Poblacion)
Coahuila
Cosigurachi (Real)
Ethnic Groups
Apaches
Nataxes
Sumas
nortenos
Apaches de Jila
Cholomos
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 069 ff. 057-069
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 069 ff. 057-069
Language
Spanish
Notes
Includes brief note on receipt of documents by Cruillas; copy by Antonio Bonilla on June 16, 1793, see comments on ff. 41-49
Reference Number
6900006
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Mendoza
Cruillas
Person Last Name
Mendoza
Cruillas
Campo
Beginning Date Month
April
End Date Month
July
Beginning Date (repacked)
04-16-1761
End Date (repacked)
07-30-1761
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/6000
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Letters from Lacomba/Cossio to Ugalde; concerning a variety of matters affecting la tercera compania Volante de la colonia del Nuevo Santander.

Serial Number
041-01349
Title
Letters from Lacomba/Cossio to Ugalde; concerning a variety of matters affecting la tercera compania Volante de la colonia del Nuevo Santander.
Author(s)
Lacomba, Claudio
Cossio, Nicolas de
Date
06-30-1789
Date
09-12-1789
Documentation
Laredo. June 30,1789-September 12, 1789. 92p. Letters. Originals/extractos.
Summary
A Series of letters concerning events affecting the tercera and mules in lacombas possession, documenting number and description of horses, monthly troop strength and location reports as well as military rolls, health report for Martinez, death of governor, custom, and problems of borrowing mules and horses from civilian population for transport of military equipment, pardon given to Gutierrez, settlement of debts with Indians, edict setting policy on treatment of ministers of tribunals, promotion of Soto and subsequent dismissal due to alcoholic problems followed by testimony from witnesses of resulting derelictions of duty and finally his replacement with Venavidez, formal charges lodged against Soto, dicharge of bortrego and replacement with Palos, desire to dismiss Puga, shipment of sealed documents to governor, enlistment of Arocha to replace Soto, informing Ugalde of preparation for campaign, recent theft of mules and horses from mission and statement from priests in charge, problems of acquisition of mules through purchase or legal seizure due to unavailability of said animal, troop movement and destination as campaign looms near, temporarily filling a comission for teniente de justicia with Cossio, Galban handing over command of company to Lacomba, promotions of Echeagarrey ands Gutierrez de la Cueva to assistants to the inspector, Gutierrez de la Cueva assigned the job of shipping arms, orders requesting movement of troops to a more strategic area, impracticality of this due to poor topography, orders to send 100 horses and lacombas reluctance because of Lipanes tribe, filing of credit and debit report for previous year, agricultural activities of mission, late arrival of Arocha and Puga. (O. Velez, October 1988)
Persons
Lacomba, Claudio (Capitan)
Zerna, Antonio de la (Teniente)
Martinez, Juan Jose (Soldado)
Gutierrez, Joaquin
Soto, Juan (Cavo)
Venavidez, Jose (Soldado)
Sanchez, Santiago (Soldado)
Borrego, Rafael (Armero)
Palos, Joaquin (Armero)
Gil, Pedro (Soldado)
Puga, Jose Maria de
Puga, Antonio de (Teniente)
Arocha, Jose Ignacio de (Cadete)
Galvan, Manuel (Alferez)
Ponce, Miguel
La Garza, Gayestano
Nallecillo, Fernando de
Ponce Borrego Miguel (Juez)
Menchaca, Jose (Teniente)
Zozaia, Juan Migue de (Teniente General)
Galban, Josef Manuel
Echeagarrey, Jose Maria de (Capitan)
Gutierrez de la Cueva, Juan (Capitan)
Falamante, Matheo (Sargento)
Ugalde, Juan de (Comandante General)
Cossio, Nicolas de
Gonzales, Antonio
Places
Reynosa
Laredo
San Carlos
Lagonia
Savinas (Rio)
Revilla
Mier (Villa)
Camargo (Villa)
Coahuila
Rio Grande
Ethnic Groups
Julimenos
Lipanes
Military Groups
Nuevo Santander, Tercera Compania Volante de La
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 053 ff. 475-521 exp. 5
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 053 ff. 475-521 exp. 5
Language
Spanish
Notes
Appears in indice del ramo as exp. 1.
Reference Number
5300030
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Lacomba
Cossio
Person Last Name
Lacomba
Zerna
Martinez
Gutierrez
Soto
Venavidez
Sanchez
Borrego
Palos
Gil
Puga
Puga
Arocha
Galvan
Ponce
La Garza
Nallecillo
Ponce Borrego Miguel
Menchaca
Zozaia
Galban
Echeagarrey
Gutierrez de la Cueva
Falamante
Ugalde
Cossio
Gonzales
Beginning Date Month
June
End Date Month
September
Beginning Date (repacked)
06-30-1789
End Date (repacked)
09-12-1789
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/5696
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
General Subjects
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Letters of governor Fayni, various field comanders, and viceroy Bucareli concerning bandit-rebels

Serial Number
041-01055
Title
Letters of governor Fayni, various field comanders, and viceroy Bucareli concerning bandit-rebels
Author(s)
Fayni, Josef
Bucareli y Ursua, Antonio Maria
Xinaga, Domingo
Balenzuelas, Francisco Xavier
Date
11-29-1772
Date
07-13-1773
Documentation
Durango/Mexico/Santiago de Papasquiaro/Valle de San Bartolome. November 29, 1772 - July 13, 1773. 30p. Letter, draft, circular letter. Original, signed
Summary
Concerns military problems caused by a force of rebels made up of Apostate Indians and renegades menacing Valle de San Bartholome; includes many interesting details on rebels use of spies; size and organization of their forces (more than 1700 men); ethnic composition and origins of members of their group; their leader (Calaxtrin);their tactics and strategy; their capture and conversion of other Tarahumar Indians, including women; their arms and equipment; importance of criminals in the group; their use of Peyote to persuade captives to join rebellion; rebel bases in mountains; their use of captured livestock for meat; their commerce with barbarian Indians for arrows and hides; use of auxiliaries against rebels; population losses resulting from rebel raids; an exploration of rebels home in San Francisco mountains by balenzeula; recent presidio transfers and resulting strategic situation; recognition that rebel Tarahumaras are a serious threat to province; and viceroy's insistence on importance of new presidio line. (J. Williams, March 1987)
Persons
Fayni, Josef (Theniente Coronel)
Xinaga, Domingo (Alcalde Mayor de Valle de San Bartholome)
Balensuela, Francisco Xavier
Antonio(?)
Bucareli y Ursua, Antonio Maria (Frey)
O'Conor, Hugo (Theniente)
Campa, Antonio
Calaxtrin
Canastrin (Caudillo de las Tropas de los Rebeldes)
Camacho, Pedro Alonso
Places
Canutillo
San Bartholome (Valle)
Santa Barbara (Jurisdiccion)
Almoloya (Sierra)
Agustin (Estancia)
Balzequillo (Hacienda)
Papasquiaro (Valle)
Durango
San Salvador (Hacienda)
Rosario (Sierra)
Chihuahua
Tettas de Juana (Aguaje)
Real del Oro (Haciendas del Jurisdicciones de)
San Bartholome (Valle)
Sayaniquilpan, San Francisco (Pueblo)
Guichapan (Jurisdiccion)
Tirazano (Pueblo de Tepehuanes)
Las Bocas (Pueblo)
Coahuila
Guadalajara
Cerro Gordo
Nueva Vizcaya
Las Vecinas (Sierra)
Ethnic Groups
Mulatos
Taraumares
Apaches
Cholomes
Negros
Lobos
Tepehuanes
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 043 ff. 005-021
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 043 ff. 005-021
Language
Spanish
Notes
Out of order, folio 10 not legible
Reference Number
4300003
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Fayni
Bucareli y Ursua
Xinaga
Xinaga
Person Last Name
Fayni
Xinaga
Balensuela
Antonio
Bucareli y Ursua
O'Conor
Campa
Calaxtrin
Canastrin
Camacho
Beginning Date Month
November
End Date Month
July
Beginning Date (repacked)
11-29-1772
End Date (repacked)
07-13-1773
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/5402
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Budget for Port of San Blas.

Serial Number
041-00050
Title
Budget for Port of San Blas.
Author(s)
Hijosa, Francisco (Comisario)
Virrey
and others
Date
09-16-1788
Date
12-18-1794
Documentation
San Blas, Guadalajara, Mexico. September 16, 1788 through
Summary
Correspondence between comisario de contaduria de San Blas, fiscal affairs for departamento and port of San Blas. Includes accounts of debits and credits for 1788, plus proposed budget for 1789. Folios 57-114 deal with comisario's request for more funds upon exceeding proposed budget for 1794. Presence of highwaymen (bandidos) on overland routes of commerce is mentioned in folios 97-104. (J. H. Ochs, July 1988)
Persons
Hijosa, Francisco (Comisario)
Flores, Manuel Antonio (Virrey)
Cordova, Fernando de
Bonilla, Antonio
Villa Urrutia, Antonio
Trigo, Joseph (Factor)
Alberni, Pedro (Capitan)
Arvide, Jose (Factor)
Siniaga, Juan Manuel (Receptor)
Lazcano, Estevan (Receptor)
Santa Maria, Antonio
Revilla Gigedo, Conde de (Virrey)
Bodega y Quadra, Juan Francisco de la
Martinez, Estevan Joseph
Bertodano, Cosme
Camacho, Josef
Rios, Matias de los
Rosales, Juan Francisco
Eliza, Francisco de (Comandante)
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo (Intendente)
Martinez y Zavala, Antonio
Isa, Antonio
Macias Ruelas, Marcos
Izaguirre, Jose
Gutierrez, Pedro (Condestable)
Poze, Antonio
Fidalgo, Salvador (Capitan)
Quimper, Manuel (Teniente)
Moreno, Jose Prudencio
Zelayeta, Juan de
Gutierrez, Santiago
Ochoa, Juan Francisco
Garcia, Felipe Sebastian
Cuesta, Eustaguio de la
Caseda, Placido
Gortari, Miguel
Rio, Manuel del
Ferrer, Gabriel
Loreto Velasco, Jose
Ramirez, Nicolas (Cirujano)
Martinez de Quevedo, Manuel
Lopez de Haro, Gonzalo (Piloto)
Rivas, Augustin de
Grua Talamanca y Branciforte, Miguel de la (Virrey)
Castillo, Gabriel de (Cabo)
Murga, Manuel (Alferez)
Catala, Magin (Fray)
Gili, Bartolome (Fray)
Pantoja, Juan (Piloto)
Canizares, Jose (Piloto)
Estrada, Jose Antonio (Grumete)
Tapia, Juan Chrisostomo (Marinero)
Gonzalez, Jose Francisco (Grumete)
Masias Ruelas, Marcos
Navarro, Jose Maria
Beltran, Jose Maria
Alava, Jose Manuel de (Coronel)
Portillo, Miguel
Places
San Blas (Departmento)
Veracruz (Puerto)
Manila
Acapulco
Lima
Panama
Havana
Alamos
Zapotillo
California (Peninsula)
Guadalaxara
Loreto
Arispe (Tesoreria)
Leon
Guatemala
Tepic (Pueblo)
Monterrey
Nutca (Puerto)
Senticpac
San Francisco (Presidio)
Santa Barbara (Presidio)
San Diego (Presidio)
Acaponeta
Military Groups
Cataluna, Voluntarios de
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 004 ff. 001-114 exp. 1
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 004 ff. 001-114 exp. 1
Language
Spanish
Reference Number
400001
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Hijosa
Person Last Name
Hijosa
Flores
Cordova
Bonilla
Villa Urrutia
Trigo
Alberni
Arvide
Siniaga
Lazcano
Santa Maria
Revilla Gigedo
Bodega y Quadra
Martinez
Bertodano
Camacho
Rios
Rosales
Eliza
Ugarte y Loyola
Martinez y Zavala
Isa
Macias Ruelas
Izaguirre
Gutierrez
Poze
Fidalgo
Quimper
Moreno
Zelayeta
Gutierrez
Ochoa
Garcia
Cuesta
Caseda
Gortari
Rio
Ferrer
Loreto Velasco
Ramirez
Martinez de Quevedo
Lopez de Haro
Rivas
Grua Talamanca y Branciforte
Castillo
Murga
Catala
Gili
Pantoja
Canizares
Estrada
Tapia
Gonzalez
Masias Ruelas
Navarro
Beltran
Alava
Portillo
Beginning Date Month
September
End Date Month
December
Beginning Date (repacked)
09-16-1788
End Date (repacked)
12-18-1794
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/4395
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
General Subjects
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

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