Letter from Ugalde to Flores regarding lipiyan capitan, Picax-ande and incidents leading to the capture of mescaleros in Santa Rosa.
Ugalde, Juan de
Santa Rosa. April 20, 1789. 124p. Informe. Signed.
Presents conditions under which Ugalde sought out Picax-Ande for assistance with campaign against Mescaleros. Ugalde attempted many times to discover picax-andes's true motives. Sent him out accompanied by troops which he did not readily accept. Describes picax-ande's position and territory - was gente general de Apacheria del oriente, an area determined by a line drawn along the Concho River and the mountains of Sibolo, Movano and Guadalupe. Valdes' reports indicate that Picax-Ande committed many infractions and encouraged other tribes to engage in raids against Spanish. Learned that Picax-Ande had offered to steal horses from military and meet with other tribes in Moras to distribute them. Ugalde suggests that with such evidence, granting peace to Lipiyanes is an error because, while they provide protection from Comanches, they conduct their own raids. Discusses need for serious military punishment for Indians in all areas who abuse good faith of Spanish. says it is necessary to deprive Lipiyanes of corrupt leader because they follow him blindly. Includes Valdez' diary as proof of Picax's infractions. Contains conversations with, observations and daily events of Indians. Ugalde proves that Lipiyanes and Mescaleros are related and describes activities attended by both. says Picax's wife is Alegre's Sister and Alegre's wife is Picax's Sister. Finally gives proof of horses and property stolen during supposed peace. Diary contains description of daily events, conversations with and observations of Indians. (M. Dannemiller, December 1988)
Ugalde, Juan de
Florez, Manuel Antonio (Virrey)
Picax-Ande Ins-Tinsle de Ugalde, Manuel
Valdes, Casimiro (Alferez)
Aguaverde, Compania de
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 159 ff. 266-318
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 159 ff. 266-318
Folio 273 repeated
ISO 369-1 Language code
ISO 369-3 Language code
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