Letter from Ugalde to Flores regarding lipiyan capitan, Picax-ande and incidents leading to the capture of mescaleros in Santa Rosa.

Serial Number
041-03822
Title
Letter from Ugalde to Flores regarding lipiyan capitan, Picax-ande and incidents leading to the capture of mescaleros in Santa Rosa.
Author(s)
Ugalde, Juan de
Date
04-20-1789
Documentation
Santa Rosa. April 20, 1789. 124p. Informe. Signed.
Summary
Presents conditions under which Ugalde sought out Picax-Ande for assistance with campaign against Mescaleros. Ugalde attempted many times to discover picax-andes's true motives. Sent him out accompanied by troops which he did not readily accept. Describes picax-ande's position and territory - was gente general de Apacheria del oriente, an area determined by a line drawn along the Concho River and the mountains of Sibolo, Movano and Guadalupe. Valdes' reports indicate that Picax-Ande committed many infractions and encouraged other tribes to engage in raids against Spanish. Learned that Picax-Ande had offered to steal horses from military and meet with other tribes in Moras to distribute them. Ugalde suggests that with such evidence, granting peace to Lipiyanes is an error because, while they provide protection from Comanches, they conduct their own raids. Discusses need for serious military punishment for Indians in all areas who abuse good faith of Spanish. says it is necessary to deprive Lipiyanes of corrupt leader because they follow him blindly. Includes Valdez' diary as proof of Picax's infractions. Contains conversations with, observations and daily events of Indians. Ugalde proves that Lipiyanes and Mescaleros are related and describes activities attended by both. says Picax's wife is Alegre's Sister and Alegre's wife is Picax's Sister. Finally gives proof of horses and property stolen during supposed peace. Diary contains description of daily events, conversations with and observations of Indians. (M. Dannemiller, December 1988)
Persons
Ugalde, Juan de
Florez, Manuel Antonio (Virrey)
Picax-Ande Ins-Tinsle de Ugalde, Manuel
Valdes, Casimiro (Alferez)
Dabeq-Silsete (Indio)
Quifie-Gurya (Indio)
El-Lite (Indio)
Alegre (Indio)
Natax-Tinde (Indio)
Riberz (Indio)
Places
Santa Rosa
Sabinas
San Fernando
Conchos (Rio)
Sibolo (Sierra)
Movano (Sierra)
Guadalupe (Sierra)
Moras
Puerco (Rio)
Coahuila
San Rodrigo
San Antonio
Ethnic Groups
Apaches
Mescaleros
Lipanes
Lipiyanes
Sendes
Nit-Axendes
Cachu-Endes
Comanches
Military Groups
Aguaverde, Compania de
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 159 ff. 266-318
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 159 ff. 266-318
Language
Spanish
Notes
Folio 273 repeated
Reference Number
15900019
Rights
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