Jesuit Expulsion

Informe concerning method of government for missions in California.

Serial Number
041-03710
Title
Informe concerning method of government for missions in California.
Author(s)
Verger, Rafael
Date
11-15-1772
Documentation
California. November 15, 1772. 46p. Informe. Copy.
Summary
In response to viceroy's request, Verger makes suggestions in 22 parts for physical and spiritual development of missions. says new missions should be delayed until older ones are firmly established with sufficient arms and military protection. Must grow food for all mission and presidio residents. Storage and distribution should never be left to Indians. nor should be left to caudillos and capitans since after Jesuit expulsion California example shows they destroy missions. Under priests' control more churches built, more ornaments retained, larger harvests collected. says some form of punishment is necessary because Indians will abuse and steal property without it. Indians should be treated fairly and paid a salary. Describes daily masses and visits to sick and widowed. Discusses corn, bean, lentil crops, weekly rations and duties of women. Discusses also Indian jobs, products and locations of trade. Discusses differences between present conditions and those of Conquistadores. Relates difficulties with jefes who replace hardworkers with incompetents. References to decree by Valero ordering military protection for missions. Discusses power struggle between military and missionary. Verger claims arms are not needed for conversion, only evangelical preaching. (M. Dannemiller March 1988)
Persons
Verger, Rafael
Palou, Francisco
Escandon, Jose
Galvez, Josef de
Lorenzana, Francisco Antonio (Arzobispo)
Cortes, Hernan
Pieras, Miguel (Fray)
Valero, Marques de
Costales, Gabriel
Places
San Fernando (Colegio)
Santa Cruz
Sierra Gorda
California
San Ignacio (Mision)
Loreto
Zimapan
Huasteca
Rio Verde
Tepeyal
Padua, San Antonio de
Monterrey
Queretaro, Santa Cruz de (Colegio)
Texas (Provincia)
Guadalupe, Nuestra Senora de
Zacatecas
San Gabriel
Military Groups
Soldados de Cuera
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 152 ff. 527-531
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 152 ff. 527-531
Language
Spanish
Notes
Last page has no folio number
Reference Number
15200028
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Verger
Palou
Escandon
Galvez
Lorenzana
Cortes
Pieras
Valero
Costales
Beginning Date Month
November
Beginning Date (repacked)
11-15-1772
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/8057
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
General Subjects
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Correspondence principally between Antonio and Areche concerning conditions in California and need for visitador general.

Serial Number
041-03707
Title
Correspondence principally between Antonio and Areche concerning conditions in California and need for visitador general.
Author(s)
Antonio (Obispo de Guadalajara)
Areche (Fiscal)
Mangino, Fernando and others.
Date
04-07-1772
Date
09-01-1772
Documentation
April 1, 1772-September 1, 1772. 62p. Letters. Copies.
Summary
Concerns Antonio's reference to improvements, suggested by Barri, being made in missions in California. says after Jesuit expulsion, Franciscans received missions of southern California with more than 1,000 Indians. Contains list of each mission and numbers of Indians drastically reduced in only four years. Priests told archbishop decline due to Galvez having sent Indians from two other missions to Todos Santos where they died of disease or deserted. Said decline also due to loss of cattle and tools on expedition to Monterrey; Indians became dependent on missions who couldn't provide for all. Antonio says Indians wouldn't flee if given weekly rations of meat and seed because they suffer from starvation. Treatment is inconsistent with Christian message. Approves of Barri's idea to incorporate missions. Relates abuses of some priests who administer sacraments without any license from bishop. says this may be case with Ibarzabal. Suggests judicial clergy to monitor mission activity and that inventory be taken annually. Contains separate decrees by fiscal and viceroy summarizing and approving these suggestions. Regarding selection of Visitador General Antonio suggests a person to correct missionaries, cooperate with governors, withstand the climate and one who is not currently in a mission. Suggests Gomez for position. Areche requests Antonio to compile information on Gomez and Ibarzabal. Areche requests viceroy to declare who will pay 2,000 pesos to new visitador. Viceroy recommends matter to Mangino who replies that charging the California missions would pressure an already strained budget. Dominicans have added responsibilities from new missions acquired. says each mission should contribute funds according to amount of property owned. Concerning licenses, Areche will send 27 priests to missions to request to See licenses for religious activities. Those without proper authority will be suspended. Group will inform on weekly collections and on state of missions. (M. Dannemiller, March 1988)
Persons
Areche (Fiscal)
Antonio (Obispo de Guadalajara)
Bucareli y Ursua
Iriarte, Juan Pedro (Fray)
Galvez, Josef de
Barri Felipe
Palou, Francisco
Ibarzabal, Isidrio
Gomez, Lino
Pintado Cienfuegos, Francisco
Rivas
Mangino, Fernando (Director de Temporalidades)
Fages, Pedro
Places
Todos Santos
Loreto
California
San Fernando (Colegio)
Gonzaga, San Luis (Mision)
Coros, Santiago de los (Mision)
Cavo, San Josef del (Mision)
Paz, Pilar de la (Mision)
Monterrey
Santa Anna
Leon
Guadalajara
Panuco
San Blas (Puerto)
Santo Domingo
San Diego
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 152 ff. 467-498
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 152 ff. 467-498
Language
Spanish
Notes
Folio 485 repeated twice.
Reference Number
15200025
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Antonio
Areche
Mangino
Areche
Mangino
Mangino
Person Last Name
Areche
Antonio
Bucareli y Ursua
Iriarte
Galvez
Barri Felipe
Palou
Ibarzabal
Gomez
Pintado Cienfuegos
Rivas
Mangino
Fages
Beginning Date Month
April
End Date Month
September
Beginning Date (repacked)
04-07-1772
End Date (repacked)
09-01-1772
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/8054
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
General Subjects
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Informes by Galvez and the Marquis officially received and entered into mission records by Araujo.

Serial Number
041-03694
Title
Informes by Galvez and the Marquis officially received and entered into mission records by Araujo.
Author(s)
Araujo, Josef Miguel (Fray)
Galvez, Josef
Croix, Marques de
Date
07-08-1767
Date
05-17-1769
Documentation
November 4, 1771-January 13, 1772. 24p. Informe. Copy.
Summary
Concerns informes received by Araujo in Querataro. Marquis instructs that every Jesuit be replaced by catholic missionary and that there be 14 missionaries in every mission in Sonora. Regarding the need for synods in missions that are not self-sufficient. Demands that all Indians be treated fairly, be allowed to communicate and trade among themselves and be taught Castellano. Requests lists of all natives in Sonora and Sinaloa and separate lists of Spanish individuals and property. Letter from Galvez is response to inventory request. Complete lists of all items in missions and priests' homes including sacred goblets, ornaments, record books, bells, and baptismal baths. Also includes inventory of items in warehouse.
Persons
Croiz, Marques de
Araujo, Josef Miguel (Fray)
Flores, Sebastian (Fray)
Galvez, Josef
Espada, Manuel
Reyes, Antonio de los
Places
Queretaro, Santa Cruz de
Guadalajara
Tepic
Sinaloa (Provincia)
Sonora (Provincia)
Cucurpe (Mision)
San Miguel de Tuape
Saracache, San Juan Bautista de
Alamos
California
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 152 ff. 268-280
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 152 ff. 268-280
Language
Spanish
Reference Number
15200012
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Araujo
Galvez
Croix
Person Last Name
Croiz
Araujo
Flores
Galvez
Espada
Reyes
Beginning Date Month
July
End Date Month
May
Beginning Date (repacked)
07-08-1767
End Date (repacked)
05-17-1769
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/8041
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
General Subjects
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.
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