Mission San Francisco Xavier, 1653 (annuas).
N.p. n.d. transcript.
Review religious activity 23 pueblos, numerous rancherias administered by mission. States 14 priests working among some 25,000 christians. Gives number baptisms, marriages, examples miraculous cures for each Partido. In Partido of Ures, states River dried up, threatened bean crop until people promised offering to St. Julio and it rained. Notes success conversion pueblos Nacameri (Rayon), Nacosura, Toapa (Tuape), Cocaripe (Cucurpe), Saracatzi (Saracachi), rancherias of Himeris. (note ethnic difference settlement patterns-Opata pueblos, Himeris (Lower Pima) rancherias). States only one priest Partido Babiacora (Baviacora), Aconche (Aconchi), Llepaca (Huepac), Banamitz (Banamichi), zenoquippe (Sinoquipe). Mentions sadness people Baviacora, Aconchi departure priest. In Partido of Arispe (Arizpe), Chinapa, Bacobitzi, states that Indians who five years ago threatened priests now good christians. States people these three pueblos speak common language of Sonora (Opata), but notes presence group baptized Himeris in Bacobitzi, desire other members this numerous nation to be baptized. Mentions Pueblo Buchubacobitzi. Notes great need for missionaries Partido of Teuricatzi (Teuricachi), Batziner, Cuquiaratzi (Cuquiarachi), Cuchuticac (Cuchuta), Terara, because of prevalence polygamy, homo sexuality, including men who dress as women, sell themselves, do women's work. Notes that bordering this Partido are Sumas, divided into Sumas del Norte, and Sumas del oriente, who live near Bavispes. Describes them as fierce, states they attacked Jesuits, Spaniards at Teuricachi. Pursued unsuccessfully by Spaniards, friendly Indians. Finally group of them petitioned for peace, were consigned to Pueblo of Oppotu, near Huasabas, where many baptized, in 1651. Notes success conversion Indians Partido of vasdabas (Huasabas), Oppotu, San Miguel, Bacatedeuatzi (Bacadehuachi), Nacori, Tetasura. Describes desire Indians Partido of San Juan de batzinas, llasserac (Bacerac), Babispes (Bavispe) for missionization, frustrated because of lack of priests. States Valley fertile, irrigated, supporting 1500 souls, 420 vecinos (large number Spaniards frontier area). Describes actions Hechicero who called people to dances, drinking bouts, walked on burning branches without Pain, told people baptism cause of death when disease broke out, finally beheaded by Christian Indians. Notes successful progression conversion Indians Partido de Cumupas (Cumpas), Opposura (Oposura), Depatzi, real de minas (probably San Juan Bautista). (T. Sheridan) (1976)
San Juan Bautista (Real de Minas)
CU-BANC. C-B 840 (Bolton Col.) no. 0265 pp. 0375-0390 Transcpt
AGN, Mexico, Misiones, Leg. 0026
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