Reports from captains and governors of Sonora to viceroy regarding physical and spiritual condition of region.
Vildosola, Antonio de
November 30, 1772-January 8, 1773. 130p. Informe. Signed.
Concerns an entire range of mission activities as described by Sonoran leaders to viceroy. Contains many suggestions for administration of missions, mostly on treatment of Indians. Quotes original purpose of conquest as stated by Alexandro VI. expresses need for schools, the teaching of Castellano, written permission for traveling Indians, static position of priests, appointment of two priests in case of illness and even distribution of Spanish population. Discusses the punishment of Indians, prohibiting them from liquor, gambling and salary advances. Describes Indian life and agriculture, their crops, cattle and weavings. Priests want them to establish in towns accessible to church in homes of stone or Adobe which resist fire. Relates difficulties and distances in reaching jobs and transporting goods. States that each Indian should have a horse to hunt Javali with their zaetas and harpoons. Hiaquis are hardworking but basically very lazy so must be given fruitful labor and compensate accordingly to men, women and children over 10. Spanish should not be permitted to buy Indian homes or land. Suggests jobs which benefit others such as in mines. Concerns Indian obligation to church in terms of tribute, priests salary and community building. Asks tithes from Durango be passed to Sonora. Describes gold and silver adornments and wine supplies of some churches and destruction of others due to Zeris and Pimas. Description of trip made by Ganzes to know and convert Indians. Finally, while Indian foreman should be chosen to give priests more freedom, governors should be appointed not elected by Indians. (M. Dannemiller, October 1987)
Vildosola, Antonio de
Anza, Juan Baptista de
Lumbreras, Juan Jose
Alexandro VI (Pontifice)
Gil de Bernabe, Juan Chrisostomo
Bucareli y Ursua, Antonio Maria (Virrey)
Ganzes, Francisco (Fray)
San Ignacio (Pueblo)
Queretaro, Santa Cruz de
Carriza, Jesus del (Mision)
San Miguel de Horcasitas (Presidio)
San Antonio de la Huerta
San Francisco (Colegio)
Santa Gertudis del Altar (Presidio)
Bac, San Xavier del (Mision)
San Carlos de Buena Vista
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 152 ff. 143-208
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 152 ff. 143-208
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