Letters of governor Fayni, various field comanders, and viceroy Bucareli concerning bandit-rebels

Serial Number
041-01055
Title
Letters of governor Fayni, various field comanders, and viceroy Bucareli concerning bandit-rebels
Author(s)
Fayni, Josef
Bucareli y Ursua, Antonio Maria
Xinaga, Domingo
Balenzuelas, Francisco Xavier
Date
11-29-1772
Date
07-13-1773
Documentation
Durango/Mexico/Santiago de Papasquiaro/Valle de San Bartolome. November 29, 1772 - July 13, 1773. 30p. Letter, draft, circular letter. Original, signed
Summary
Concerns military problems caused by a force of rebels made up of Apostate Indians and renegades menacing Valle de San Bartholome; includes many interesting details on rebels use of spies; size and organization of their forces (more than 1700 men); ethnic composition and origins of members of their group; their leader (Calaxtrin);their tactics and strategy; their capture and conversion of other Tarahumar Indians, including women; their arms and equipment; importance of criminals in the group; their use of Peyote to persuade captives to join rebellion; rebel bases in mountains; their use of captured livestock for meat; their commerce with barbarian Indians for arrows and hides; use of auxiliaries against rebels; population losses resulting from rebel raids; an exploration of rebels home in San Francisco mountains by balenzeula; recent presidio transfers and resulting strategic situation; recognition that rebel Tarahumaras are a serious threat to province; and viceroy's insistence on importance of new presidio line. (J. Williams, March 1987)
Persons
Fayni, Josef (Theniente Coronel)
Xinaga, Domingo (Alcalde Mayor de Valle de San Bartholome)
Balensuela, Francisco Xavier
Antonio(?)
Bucareli y Ursua, Antonio Maria (Frey)
O'Conor, Hugo (Theniente)
Campa, Antonio
Calaxtrin
Canastrin (Caudillo de las Tropas de los Rebeldes)
Camacho, Pedro Alonso
Places
Canutillo
San Bartholome (Valle)
Santa Barbara (Jurisdiccion)
Almoloya (Sierra)
Agustin (Estancia)
Balzequillo (Hacienda)
Papasquiaro (Valle)
Durango
San Salvador (Hacienda)
Rosario (Sierra)
Chihuahua
Tettas de Juana (Aguaje)
Real del Oro (Haciendas del Jurisdicciones de)
San Bartholome (Valle)
Sayaniquilpan, San Francisco (Pueblo)
Guichapan (Jurisdiccion)
Tirazano (Pueblo de Tepehuanes)
Las Bocas (Pueblo)
Coahuila
Guadalajara
Cerro Gordo
Nueva Vizcaya
Las Vecinas (Sierra)
Ethnic Groups
Mulatos
Taraumares
Apaches
Cholomes
Negros
Lobos
Tepehuanes
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 043 ff. 005-021
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 043 ff. 005-021
Language
Spanish
Notes
Out of order, folio 10 not legible
Reference Number
4300003
Rights
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