Peyote

Del padre fray Francisco Hidalgo al senor virrey. Relacion de la provincia de Texas.

Serial Number
280-00006
Title
Del padre fray Francisco Hidalgo al senor virrey. Relacion de la provincia de Texas.
Author(s)
Hidalgo, Francisco (O.F.M.)
Date
11-04-1714
Documentation
San Francisco de los Tejas. November 4, 1714. 14p. Relacion. Transcription.
Summary
Geographic information- boundary landmarks, latitude-longitude coordinates, altitude. Describes- vegetation, water and Mineral resources, plant and animal resources. Ethnographic data (mostly on the Asinaic)- crops and other plant utilization, habitations, material culture, burial practices, use of Peyote, cohesiveness of the nation, domesticated animals. Mentions plagues. Makes recommendations for the location of presidios. (R. Perez) (1977)
Persons
Hidalgo, Francisco (O.F.M.)
Places
San Francisco de los Tejas (Mision)
Texas (Provincia)
Missuri (Rio)
La Palizada (Rio)
San Marcos (Rio)
Espiritu Santo (Rio)
Colorado (Rio)
Grande del Norte (Rio)
Ethnic Groups
Cadodachos
Nazonis
Nacitos
Nadzoos
Caynios
Tobacanas
Nachitozes
Yllinois
Pannis
Cayniguas
Apaches
First Location
CU-BANC. C-B 840 (Bolton Col.) no. 0510
Original Location
SFO, Watsonville, California, K, 001, no. 014
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
4459
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Hidalgo
Beginning Date Month
November
Beginning Date (repacked)
11-04-1714
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/811
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
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Fray Antonio de San Buenaventura y Olivares. Diario de la entrada y viaje en demanda del rio San Marcos.

Serial Number
280-00003
Title
Fray Antonio de San Buenaventura y Olivares. Diario de la entrada y viaje en demanda del rio San Marcos.
Author(s)
San Buenaventura y Olivares, Antonio de (O.F.M.)
Date
00-00-1709
Documentation
San Juan Bautista. 1709. 35p. Informe. Transcription.
Summary
Extensive description of geography, vegetation, fauna, water resources. Usually gives population counts or estimates for ethnic groups. Good ethnographic information- subsistance, ceremonies, division of labor, character or disposition, material culture. Mentions curanderos using Peyote. Refers to carne embarvacoa. Was impressed with the quality of dyed fabric. (R. Perez) (1977)
Persons
San Buenaventura y Olivares, Antonio de (O.F.M.)
Espinosa, Ysidro de (O.F.M.)
Aguirre, Pedro de (Capitan)
Places
San Juan Bautista (Mision)
San Marcos (Rio)
Norte (Rio)
Las Nuezes (Rio)
Frio (Rio)
Hondo (Rio)
Medina (Rio)
San Antonio de Padua (Rio)
Colorado del Espiritu Santo (Rio)
Ethnic Groups
Pacuasianes
Jarames
Payaies
Pampoas
Tejas
Sillpames (Suipames?)
Chaulamas
Sijames
Sanaxs
Yujuanes
Simomos
Tusolivis
Apaches
Asinais
Pastis
First Location
CU-BANC. C-B 840 (Bolton Col.) no. 0513
Original Location
SFO, Watsonville, California, (Quer. Ar.) K, Leg. 0001 no. 001
Language
Spanish
English
Notes
Document unsigned. Bolton (who did this hand-transcription) attributes it to oliveras. Folder also contains English translation.
Batch Reference Number
4470
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
San Buenaventura y Olivares
Espinosa
Aguirre
Beginning Date (repacked)
1709
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/808
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
en
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
eng
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Antonio Valverde y Cossio (gobernador). Proceedings against taos Indian for using peyote.

Serial Number
275-00486
Title
Antonio Valverde y Cossio (gobernador). Proceedings against taos Indian for using peyote.
Author(s)
Valverde y Cossio, Antonio (Gobernador)
Date
02-12-1720
Date
02-08-1720
Documentation
Santa Fe. February 2, 1720. 17p. Diligencias. Original. Signed. Dct February 2-February 8, 1720.
Summary
Proceedings of investigation into public turmoil created by use of Peyote in Pueblo of San Geronimo de los Taos introduced by a Moqui Indian, Juanillo, who is sentenced to fifty lashes. (R. Davis) (1980)
Persons
Valverde y Cossio, Antonio (Gobernador)
Alba, Miguel Thenorio de
Alonso, Juan del
Tamariz, Felipe
Juanillo (Indio)
Places
Santa Fe (Villa)
San Geronimo de los Taos (Pueblo)
Parral
Ethnic Groups
Taos
Tiguas
Moqui
First Location
AZU Film 2182 rl. 05 fr. 0986-1003
Original Location
SANM, Santa Fe, Span.Arch. 1621-1821, rl. 005 ff. 0986-1003
Language
Spanish
Notes
Twitchell Vol. II, no. 0306.
Batch Reference Number
8066
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Valverde y Cossio
Alba
Alonso
Tamariz
Beginning Date Month
February
End Date Month
February
Beginning Date (repacked)
02-12-1720
End Date (repacked)
02-08-1720
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/16704
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Keywords
General Subjects
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Varied correspondence regarding financial aid to families of auxiliary forces in Texas, imprisonment of two foreign doctors, and food shortages in Texas.

Serial Number
041-04468
Title
Varied correspondence regarding financial aid to families of auxiliary forces in Texas, imprisonment of two foreign doctors, and food shortages in Texas.
Author(s)
Ramos de Arispe, Miguel (Cura de Borbon)
Yturbe E Yraeta, Manuel de
Date
04-20-1810
Date
07-18-1810
Documentation
San Carlos, borbon. April 20-July 18, 1810. 26p. Letters. Originals, signed.
Summary
Varied correspondence between virrey and others primarily regarding poverty of families of auxiliary troops stationed in Texas, requesting Socorro; complaint of priest that soldiers expected to provide for families and pay for troops supplies out of their own salaries, leaving them even poorer; interspersed among these are various letters and notes regarding food shortages among Indian and Ladino populations, capture of two doctors, one French, one Anglo (very informative), and an interesting rhetorical letter to virrey regarding poverty of above families and Indians, war with the French, prisoners mentioned above, population of Texas, etc. (D. J. McClelland, may 1989)
Persons
Calleja, Felix
Herrera, Simon de (Comandante)
Yturrigaray, Jose de (Virrey)
Fernando (Rey)
Fermin de Juanicotena, Juan (Capitan de Milicias)(Curato)
Perron, Mr. (Frances Medio Medico)
Bonaparte, Napoleon
N, Julian (Medico)
Cordero, Pedro
Ramos de Arispe, Miguel (Cura de Borbon)
Batalla, Miguel
Yturbe E Yraeta, Manuel de
Places
Texas
Saltillo
San Carlos
Borbon (Real)
Nuevo Santander
Nuevo Leon
Tamaulipan (Sierra)
Pilon (Jurisdiccion)
Mota (Valle)
Veracruz
Francia
Egipto
Linares (Ciudad)
Sevilla
Estados Unidos
Monterrey
Aguayo
San Luis
San Fernando
Refugio
Ethnic Groups
Frances
Meca
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 201 ff. 098-110
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 201 ff. 098-110
Language
Spanish
Reference Number
20100005
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Ramos de Arispe
Yturbe E Yraeta
Person Last Name
Calleja
Herrera
Yturrigaray
Fernando
Fermin de Juanicotena
Perron
Bonaparte
N
Cordero
Ramos de Arispe
Batalla
Yturbe E Yraeta
Beginning Date Month
April
End Date Month
July
Beginning Date (repacked)
04-20-1810
End Date (repacked)
07-18-1810
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/11702
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
General Subjects
Rights
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Tejas province mission and presidio establishment and Indian ethnographic data.

Serial Number
041-04190
Title
Tejas province mission and presidio establishment and Indian ethnographic data.
Author(s)
Velasco
Alarcon, Martin de
Diez, Joseph (Fray)
and others
Date
07-00-1684
Date
00-00-1718
Documentation
Mexico. November 30, 1716 - June 22, 1718 182p. Informe. Autos. Signed.
Summary
Dionis went to Diego Ramon's presidio to present the map of the summary of autos written in 1688 and 1689 on the Asinay and Tejas Indians, their lifestyle, descriptions of the presidio called Espiritu Santo or San Luis or San Bernardo, its need to be populated by Spanish settlers rather than French and the measures taken to convert the Indians, establish security and trade. Leon sets off from Coahuila in 1684 to investigate a French settlement near the Rio Grande del Norte. Its location in degrees and minutes is given. Boat wreckage from French settlers is found. Leon suggests that presidios into the Tejas provinces be established for at least 1 million Indians could be converted and land is very fertile for farming. Very little progress made until after 1693 (reasons listed on ff. 440-445). Details of the Indians lifestyle and the settling of the Tejas provinces continues through ff. 451. Continuance of hearing of French spies trespassing into Tejas provinces (See Vol. 181.iii) in front of tribunal from ff. 452 - 471. Equiping of presidios and missions is covered in detail. List of those living at the San Antonio Paraje is on ff. 508. (E. Wilson, March 1990)
Persons
Moncloa, Conde de (Virrey)
Leon, Alonso de (Capitan)
Argoli, Andres
Pez, Andres de
Enrriquez Barroto, Juan
Sala, Mosieur de la
Galbe, Conde de (Virrey)
Salinas, Gregorio de (Gobernador)
Teran, Domingo (Religioso)
Agreda, Asaria de
Masanet, Damian (Fray)
Sierra, Thoribio Garzia de
Olibares (Padre)
Hidalgo, Francisco (Fray)
Linares, Duque de
Ramon, Domingo (Alferez)
San Dionis, Luis de
Mota, Mosieur de la
Ramon, Diego (Capitan)
Espinosa, Felix (Fray)
Alarcon, Martin de
Valero, Marques de (Virrey)
Valenzuela Varegas, Francisco de
Uriue y Castrexon, Joseph Joachin de (Santiago)
Villahermosa, Geronimo de Soria Marques de (Oydor)
Bracamonte, Juan Dies de (Oydor)
Therreros Ochoa, Antonio (Oydor)
Figueroa, Felix de (Oydor)
Pena y Flores, Juan de la (Alcalde de Crimen)
Chirinos, Francisco (Alcalde de Crimen)
Veguellina, Juan de la (Alcalde de Crimen)
Castaneda, Diego Francisco de (Alcalde de Crimen)
Varbadillo, Francisco de (Alcalde de Crimen)
Lisiaga, Andres de (Contador)
Najara, Ysidro Nicolas Pardo de (Contador)
Rios, Joseph Luis de los (Contador Gen)
Claveria, Juan Antonio de (Contador)
Volio, Joseph (Juez)
Carragal, Simon (Juez)
Espinosa Ocampo y Cornejo, Joseph Antonio de (Escribano)
Lara, Juan Antonio de
Ximenez, Santiago (Capitan)
Barreiro y Alvarez, Francisco (Ingeniero Militar)
Hernandez, Francisco (Alferez)
Castro, Julio de
Barrera, Julio (Sargento)
Caruadal, Xptobal
Flores, Domingo
Maldonado, Joseph
Guerra, Vizente
Maldonado, Manuel
Gonzalez, Sebastian
Galban, Julio
Negra, Joseph de
Cruz, Patricio de la
Florez, Joseph Placido
Perez, Antonio
Perez, Augustin
Garza, Christobal
Hernandez, Miguel
Sosa, Julio de
Velasquez, Joseph
Ximenez, Joseph
Guerra, Antonio
Caruadal, Geronimo
Domingo, Julio
Baldes, Julio
Rios, Francisco
Rios, Mathies
Menchaca, Francisco
Rios, Joseph Antonio
Zicona, Marcelino
Hernandez, Nicolas
Sosa, Andres
Talot, Medar (Frances)
Cadena, Joseph
Places
Guadalajara
Espiritu Santo (Bahia)
San Luis
San Bernardo
Mobila
Rio Grande del Norte
Coahuila
Nuevo Reino de Leon
Veracruz
Florida
San Marcos (Rio)
Misisipi (Rio)
Cretaro, Cruz de
Baya
Galicia
Parral
Panzacola
Texas
San Antonio (Rio)
Guadalupe (Rio)
Nachitoches
Rio Grande (Presidio)
Caodachos (Rio)
Sinaboa (Presidio)
Sonora
Santa Catalina (Presidio)
San Sevastian (Presidio)
Cabeta
Ethnic Groups
Texas
Caodachos
Alasapas
Tacaguistes
Tarchaques
Mescales
Yoricas
Chomenes
Sanaques
Sanaiaus
Apis
Paachiquis
Pastalbes
Patcales
Papanacas
Chaguanes
Payauanes
Patsaus
Sampanaleyes
Paquachiams
Putaays
Manicos
Gerieres
Atajales
Cabias
Semomanes
Saracuames
Pulacmanes
Asaus
Toaas
Tohos
Emates
Apasxames
Manames
Chaguantapas
Muruanes
Cacastles
Ocanes
Piedras Blancas
Pachuaches
Sachuaches
Tepachuaches
Tumanes
Suanas
Cantunas
Saquitas
Morbanas
Cacafes
Juanes
Cubitanes
Patabos
Canas
Asinays
Filpayays
Cabas
Sanpanasius
Paaes
Paiaies
Military Groups
San Juan Baptista del Rio del norte, Compania Volante de
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 181 ff. 421-511
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 181 ff. 421-511
Language
Spanish
Notes
Indian tribes listed on ff. 427 and 429
Reference Number
18100010
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Velasco
Alarcon
Alarcon
Diez
Diez
Person Last Name
Moncloa
Leon
Argoli
Pez
Enrriquez Barroto
Sala
Galbe
Salinas
Teran
Agreda
Masanet
Sierra
Olibares
Hidalgo
Linares
Ramon
San Dionis
Mota
Ramon
Espinosa
Alarcon
Valero
Valenzuela Varegas
Uriue y Castrexon
Villahermosa
Bracamonte
Therreros Ochoa
Figueroa
Pena y Flores
Chirinos
Veguellina
Castaneda
Varbadillo
Lisiaga
Najara
Rios
Claveria
Volio
Carragal
Espinosa Ocampo y Cornejo
Lara
Ximenez
Barreiro y Alvarez
Hernandez
Castro
Barrera
Caruadal
Flores
Maldonado
Guerra
Maldonado
Gonzalez
Galban
Negra
Cruz
Florez
Perez
Perez
Garza
Hernandez
Sosa
Velasquez
Ximenez
Guerra
Caruadal
Domingo
Baldes
Rios
Rios
Menchaca
Rios
Zicona
Hernandez
Sosa
Talot
Cadena
Beginning Date (repacked)
1684
End Date (repacked)
1718
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/11424
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Informe from governor of Nuevo Leon to viceroy containing suggestions for new method of mission government.

Serial Number
041-03693
Title
Informe from governor of Nuevo Leon to viceroy containing suggestions for new method of mission government.
Author(s)
Echegaray, Francisco
Date
10-20-1772
Documentation
October 20, 1772. 24p. Informe. Copy.
Summary
Concerns mission life and advice for proper mission administration. Suggests the formation of streets and neighborhoods in towns. Describes certain agricultural techniques and rations and sustenance crops of corn, beans, Cane and cotton. Regarding finance, suggests establishment of cashier's office to be controlled by priest and governor. Relates Indian work schedules and punishments. Describes Indian vices of game, alcohol and Peyote. Advises prohibition of bows, arrows and other weapons to Indians except for hunting. Concerns requiring Indians to have written permission to travel. (M. Dannemiller, October 1987)
Persons
Echegaray, Francisco
Bucareli y Ursua, Antonio (Virrey)
Places
San Cristobal (Pueblo)
Tlaxcala (Ciudad)
Monterrey
Ethnic Groups
Tlascaltecos
Hualaguizes
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 152 ff. 254-266
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 152 ff. 254-266
Language
Spanish
Notes
Folio 266 repeated
Reference Number
15200011
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Echegaray
Bucareli y Ursua
Beginning Date Month
October
Beginning Date (repacked)
10-20-1772
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/8040
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
General Subjects
Collections
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Gonzales de Santianes to virrey re: state of missions in Nuevo Santander.

Serial Number
041-03461
Title
Gonzales de Santianes to virrey re: state of missions in Nuevo Santander.
Author(s)
Gonzales de Santianes, Vizente
Gorraez, Joseph de (Secretario) Satander.
Date
02-09-1774
Date
12-15-1774
Documentation
San Luis Potosi, Mexico. February 9, 1774 - December 15, 1774. 32p. Letters. Originals, signed, copies.
Summary
Testimonies on state of missions in Nuevo Santander provide of Indians at mission and identification of their ethnic group, number of Indians christianized, inventory of livestock, political offices held by Indians, amount of land owned, description of agricultural production, quality of soil, rainfall or irrigation specified. Mention of group of Sierra tamualipan Vieja, mention of Mesquites' participation in dances, Mitotes, drinking, and Peyote use, and also past harmful behavior before making peace. Robbery by several Indian groups. Discussion of need for more soldiers to punish Indians who stray from towns and missions. Possibilities of use of cotton and sugar Cane. Also provides information of number of soldiers stationed at missions, military expenses for salaries and supplies, sinodo expenses, and commercial endeavors such as sale of hides. (L. L. Woodward, may 1989)
Persons
Gorraez, Joseph de (Secretario)
Gonzales de Santianes, Vizente
Bucareli y Ursua, Antonio Maria (Virrey)
Chilatoque (Capitancillo)
Places
Alcantara de Aguayo, San Pedro de (Mision)
San Luis Potosi
Tula, San Antonio de (Mision)
Palmillas, Nuestra Senora de las Nieves de (Mision)
Taumabe, Nuestra Senora de la Concepcion de (Mision)
Santa Barbara, Nuestra Senora de Ipollo de (Mision)
Tamaulipan Vieja (Sierra)
Villanueva de Croix, San Rafael de (Mision)
Llera, la Divina Pastora de (Mision)
Horcasitas, San Francisco Xavier de (Mision)
Altamira, San Juan Capistrano de (Mision)
Guemes, Santo Thoribio de (Mision)
Padilla, San Antonio de (Mision)
Purificaron (Rio)
Palmitos, San Nepomuceno de (Mision)
Nuevo Santander (Colonia)
Santillana
Soto la Marina, Nuestra Senora de la Consolacion de (Mision)
Tamaulipa Nueva (Mision)
San Carlos (Mision)
Nuevo Leon
Cruillas (Mision)
Burgos, Nuestra Senora de Loreto de (Mision)
Hoyos, Santo Domingo de (Mision)
San Fernando
Norte (Cordillera)
San Fernando, Nuestra Senora de Rosario de (Mision)
Reynosa, Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe (Mision)
Camargo, Senora Santa Anna de (Mision)
Mier (Mision)
Rebilla (Mision)
Ribagigedo, San Ignacio de (Mision)
Laredo, San Augustin de (Mision)
Queretaro, Santa Cruz de
Huelguera, Nepomuseno de (Mision)
San Juan (Rio)
Santo Avito
Aguayo
Escandon (Mision)
Pilon (Rio)
Sierra Madre
Cantaro (Mision)
Ethnic Groups
Pames
Pizones
Panguayes
Pasitas
Mesquites
Damiches
Bocas Prietas
Santiagos
Aracabes
Pintos
Tlaxcalteros
Pitayas
Tunas
Mescales
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 138 ff. 001-016 exp. 11
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 138 ff. 001-016 exp. 1
Language
Spanish
Notes
Folio 1 blurry lower right-hand side; Volume foliated within expediente; multiple copies.
Reference Number
13800012
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Gonzales de Santianes
Gorraez
Person Last Name
Gorraez
Gonzales de Santianes
Bucareli y Ursua
Beginning Date Month
February
End Date Month
December
Beginning Date (repacked)
02-09-1774
End Date (repacked)
12-15-1774
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/7808
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
General Subjects
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Letter of coronel Mendoza to virrey Cruillas and related note

Serial Number
041-01653
Title
Letter of coronel Mendoza to virrey Cruillas and related note
Author(s)
Mendoza, Matheo Antonio (Coronel)
Cruillas, Marques (Virrey)
Date
04-16-1761
Date
07-30-1761
Documentation
Chiguagua, Mexico. April 16 and July 30, 1761. 18p. Letter, note. Copy
Summary
Report concerning retiring governor Mendoza's reflections on Indian wars fought in Nueva Vizcaya; includes comments on presidio deployment; Indian depredations at Chihuahua city and elsewhere; need for permanent guard at that city; great dangers of bandits who threaten supply and bullion convoys; convoys to Nueva Mexico and Sonora; relative weakness of presidial locations; strengthes and weaknesses of each presidio; calls for supplemental forces composed of thirty auxiliary Tarahumara archers for each post; value of auxiliaries as spies in broken terrain; relative cost of financing auxiliary forces; progress of missions in province; customs of mission Indians; describes education of mission Indians; schools; their virtues, livestock and crops. (J. Williams, may 1987)
Persons
Mendoza, Matheo Antonio (Coronel)
Cruillas (Marques)
Campo, Marcial (Conde de San Pedro de Alamo)
Places
Guaxuquilla (Presidio)
Vizcaya
Chiuagua, San Felipe El Real
Mexico
Conchos (Presidio)
Sonora
Nuevo Mexico
Chiuagua (Villa)
Parage (Presidio)
Cerro Gordo, San Miguel (Presidio)
Parras
Junta de los Rios (Presidio)
Santa Rosa (Presidio)
Janos (Presidio)
Jila
San Buenaventura (Valle)
Carrizal (Nueva Poblacion)
Coahuila
Cosigurachi (Real)
Ethnic Groups
Apaches
Nataxes
Sumas
nortenos
Apaches de Jila
Cholomos
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 069 ff. 057-069
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 069 ff. 057-069
Language
Spanish
Notes
Includes brief note on receipt of documents by Cruillas; copy by Antonio Bonilla on June 16, 1793, see comments on ff. 41-49
Reference Number
6900006
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Mendoza
Cruillas
Person Last Name
Mendoza
Cruillas
Campo
Beginning Date Month
April
End Date Month
July
Beginning Date (repacked)
04-16-1761
End Date (repacked)
07-30-1761
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/6000
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Letters of governor Fayni, various field comanders, and viceroy Bucareli concerning bandit-rebels

Serial Number
041-01055
Title
Letters of governor Fayni, various field comanders, and viceroy Bucareli concerning bandit-rebels
Author(s)
Fayni, Josef
Bucareli y Ursua, Antonio Maria
Xinaga, Domingo
Balenzuelas, Francisco Xavier
Date
11-29-1772
Date
07-13-1773
Documentation
Durango/Mexico/Santiago de Papasquiaro/Valle de San Bartolome. November 29, 1772 - July 13, 1773. 30p. Letter, draft, circular letter. Original, signed
Summary
Concerns military problems caused by a force of rebels made up of Apostate Indians and renegades menacing Valle de San Bartholome; includes many interesting details on rebels use of spies; size and organization of their forces (more than 1700 men); ethnic composition and origins of members of their group; their leader (Calaxtrin);their tactics and strategy; their capture and conversion of other Tarahumar Indians, including women; their arms and equipment; importance of criminals in the group; their use of Peyote to persuade captives to join rebellion; rebel bases in mountains; their use of captured livestock for meat; their commerce with barbarian Indians for arrows and hides; use of auxiliaries against rebels; population losses resulting from rebel raids; an exploration of rebels home in San Francisco mountains by balenzeula; recent presidio transfers and resulting strategic situation; recognition that rebel Tarahumaras are a serious threat to province; and viceroy's insistence on importance of new presidio line. (J. Williams, March 1987)
Persons
Fayni, Josef (Theniente Coronel)
Xinaga, Domingo (Alcalde Mayor de Valle de San Bartholome)
Balensuela, Francisco Xavier
Antonio(?)
Bucareli y Ursua, Antonio Maria (Frey)
O'Conor, Hugo (Theniente)
Campa, Antonio
Calaxtrin
Canastrin (Caudillo de las Tropas de los Rebeldes)
Camacho, Pedro Alonso
Places
Canutillo
San Bartholome (Valle)
Santa Barbara (Jurisdiccion)
Almoloya (Sierra)
Agustin (Estancia)
Balzequillo (Hacienda)
Papasquiaro (Valle)
Durango
San Salvador (Hacienda)
Rosario (Sierra)
Chihuahua
Tettas de Juana (Aguaje)
Real del Oro (Haciendas del Jurisdicciones de)
San Bartholome (Valle)
Sayaniquilpan, San Francisco (Pueblo)
Guichapan (Jurisdiccion)
Tirazano (Pueblo de Tepehuanes)
Las Bocas (Pueblo)
Coahuila
Guadalajara
Cerro Gordo
Nueva Vizcaya
Las Vecinas (Sierra)
Ethnic Groups
Mulatos
Taraumares
Apaches
Cholomes
Negros
Lobos
Tepehuanes
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 043 ff. 005-021
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 043 ff. 005-021
Language
Spanish
Notes
Out of order, folio 10 not legible
Reference Number
4300003
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Fayni
Bucareli y Ursua
Xinaga
Xinaga
Person Last Name
Fayni
Xinaga
Balensuela
Antonio
Bucareli y Ursua
O'Conor
Campa
Calaxtrin
Canastrin
Camacho
Beginning Date Month
November
End Date Month
July
Beginning Date (repacked)
11-29-1772
End Date (repacked)
07-13-1773
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/5402
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.
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