Military Scouts

Apache attack on San Antonio presidio and French spies.

Serial Number
041-04188
Title
Apache attack on San Antonio presidio and French spies.
Author(s)
Flores Ybarra, Nicolas
Ramon, Domingo (Capitan)
Huydobro y Sarabea, Antonio Ruiz de
and others
Date
02-00-1723
Date
08-17-1729
Documentation
San Antonio. April 8, 1723 - February 22, 1724. 46p. Autos. Signed.
Summary
Apache Indian attack during the night raids and steals horses from San Antonio corrals. 80 horses are stolen. Flores follows them all night only to return in the morning to gather men and Indians for a search group. After 2 months horses and Indians are found. In the ensuing capture, enemy Indians are killed and taken hostage with their women, children and supplies. One Indian captive claims they stole horses for other Spaniards with whom they have 'cambalache' or trade. Peace is offered to them if all chiefs involved will return to the camp within 20-days. Beginning at ff. 352 three French deserters are seeking passports to Veracruz via Bahia del Espiritu Santo, they are Rosel, Barroi and Martin. Garza Falcon disbelieves their claim and considers them spies for the French. They are given an escort to be brought to justice. The French are known for having strong influence over the Indians and consider the Cumanches, Canzeres, Pananas and Apaches as theirs. Flores endorses Ramon for position of captain of San Antonio presidio due to his campaigns in the Tejas provinces. Trade could be increased with improved relations with the Indians. (E. Wilson, March 1990)
Persons
Aguaio, Marques de San Miguel
Munoz, Xavier
Gonzalez, Joseph (Fray)
Flores Ybarra, Nicolas
Perez de Almazan, Fernando (Gobernador)
Rosel, Pedro (Frances) (Alferez)
Thartin, Francisco (Alferez)(Flamenco)
Martinez, Gregorio
Ramon, Domingo (Capitan)
Ximenes y Baldes
Garza Falcon, Blas de la (Gobernador)
Barroi, Pedro (Frances)
Aguirre, Joseph (Capitan)(Justicia Mayor)
Huydobro y Sarabea, Antonio Ruiz de
Anda, Joseph Antonio de
Escover y Bracamonte, Francisco de
Soria y Quinones, Bentura Francisco Jaque (Teniente)
Cantara, Christobal del
Aguila Palomar, Joseph de
Mejia y Mena, Thomas Antonio de
Soran y Vittoria, Bernabe Antonio (Teniente)
Ochoa Arin y Ezeiza, Lorenzo Antonio (Capitan)
Lava, Francisco Domingo de (Alcalde)
Miapimi (Capitan)(Indio)
Casafuerte, Marques de
San Dionis, Luis (Capitan) (Frances)
Valero, Marques de
Pita, Joseph (Fray)
Molinillo, Francisco
Places
Colorado (Rio)
San Antonio (Presidio)
Espiritu Santo (Bahia)
Tejas
Luisiana
Nueva Orleans
Flandes
Espiritu Santo, Bahia del (Presidio)
Veracruz (Puerto)
Adais, Nuestra Senora del Pilar de los (Presidio)
Coaguila
Saltillo
San Luis Potosi
San Francisco (Valle)
Paz, San Luis de la (Pueblo)
Queretaro (Ciudad)
Rio, San Juan del (Pueblo)
Guchiapas
Tilotepec
Tacuba
Nuevo Mexico
Francia
Vizcaya
Parras (Colegio)
Mazapil
Coautitlan
Rio Grande del Norte (Presidio)
Movila
Nachitos
Durango
Nadadores (Mision)
Coaguila (Real)
Patos
Queretaro, Santa Cruz de
Bonanza
Paris
Anaelo
Ethnic Groups
Apaches
Caudodachos
Tlaxcalteco
Franceses
Ingleses
Flamencos
Canzerez
Pananas
Cumanches
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 181 ff. 338-360
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 181 ff. 338-360
Language
Spanish
Notes
Duplicates ff. 350, 356, 357, 359, investigation of the French spies continues in Vol. 181.iii.
Reference Number
18100008
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Flores Ybarra
Ramon
Huydobro y Sarabea
Huydobro y Sarabea
Person Last Name
Aguaio
Munoz
Gonzalez
Flores Ybarra
Perez de Almazan
Rosel
Thartin
Martinez
Ramon
Ximenes y Baldes
Garza Falcon
Barroi
Aguirre
Huydobro y Sarabea
Anda
Escover y Bracamonte
Soria y Quinones
Cantara
Aguila Palomar
Mejia y Mena
Soran y Vittoria
Ochoa Arin y Ezeiza
Lava
Miapimi
Casafuerte
San Dionis
Valero
Pita
Molinillo
End Date Month
August
Beginning Date (repacked)
1723
End Date (repacked)
08-17-1729
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/11422
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Letters between Rengel, Flores and Ugarte y Loyola concerning Indian hostilities, details of general campaign in 1787-1788.

Serial Number
041-03246
Title
Letters between Rengel, Flores and Ugarte y Loyola concerning Indian hostilities, details of general campaign in 1787-1788.
Author(s)
Rengel, Joseph Antonio (Comandante Inspector)
Flores, Manuel Antonio (Virrey)
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo (Comandante General Intendente)
Date
09-04-1787
Date
07-27-1788
Documentation
Paso del norte, Arispe. September 4, 1787 - July 27, 1788. 96p. Letters, tables. Originals, signed, copies. not been inspected for 21 years, 2) to determine cumanche- navajo-Spanish relations, and 3) to familiarize himself with the terrain prior to launching a military campaign. Reports to Ugarte y Loyola that all New Mexico troops are mobilized for action. Includes detailed diary of consequent campaign around Santa Fe in October 1787. Santa Fe campaign military force composed of presidial troops and cumanche and Apache xicarilla auxiliaries. Details include distance traveled, reports of scouting activities, geographical and weather details, and tabular breakdown of force into four divisions, listing commander, station, and force size. Rengel blames slowness of March on insubordination and unruliness of indian auxiliaries; virrey responds, suggesting exclusion of auxiliaries from main campaigns. Includes description of landmarks along route, information on jacales settlement patterns, high accuracy of niera's (?) Map, construction of bridge to cross Colorado river, battle tactics of reconnaissance and night attack, and peacefulness of cumanches. More specific campaign details are recorded in a division by division report. Virrey flores responds, encouraging more action and less writing. Ugarte y Loyola also reports events of Cordero's and bergara's troops in Nueva Vizcaya campaign (October 1787-mar 1788). Table illustrates organization of force into four divisions, showing locations and force size for each division. Each division presents account of indian hostilities and a report of military actions taken. Indian hostilities include general theft (horses, cattle, mules, burros, and oxen), murders, assaults on mule trains, corpse stripping, kidnappings, abductions, and massacre of mescales. Reports falseness of Apache and mescalero peace proposals, how indians bribe vecinos to spy on military cavalry movements and report these maneuvers to indians, indian custom of collecting ears of killed enemies, and indian ambush of officials attempting to track indians in mountains. Includes summary tables of indian hostilities and military combat statistics by indian group, province, and division. Provinces included are Sonora, Nueva Vizcaya, New Mexico, Coahuila, Texas in 1787. explains meaning of term gileno as one type of chiricagui. Gileno is also an umbrella term for mimbrenos and Apaches in western part of Nueva Vizcaya. Gilenos cited as worst enemies, feared by Spanish and indians alike. Progress toward indian pacification is reported. Describes how mescalero nation was ordered by capitancillos to move to Santa Rosa. With mescalero peace in Nueva Vizcaya established, emphasis on pacification shifts to Coahuila. Military maneuvers described. Spanish use both indians and Spanish for reconnaissance activities. Detailed description of bergara's, Cordero's and others' forces milpa destruction (corn, tobacco, frijoles, calabasa), rancheria assaults, killing of Apache guide by Volunteers. Limited success in tracking and animal recovery blamed on snow, tired horses. Virrey flores praises bergara's zeal. (S. Gibbs, February 1988)
Persons
Rengel, Joseph Antonio (Comandante Inspector)
Flores, Manuel Antonio (Virrey)
Ugarte y Loyola, Jacobo (Comandante General Intendente)
Borica, Diego de (Comandante)
Diaz, Domingo (Capitan)
Mares, Francisco (Teniente Coronel)
Martinez, Francisco (Coronel)
Martinez, Francisco (Teniente Coronel)
Equeracapa (General)
Delegado, Manuel (Comandante)(Capitan Graduado)
Aramburu, Blas de (Segundo Teniente)
Guerrero, Antonio (Alferez Segundo)
Niera (?), Bernardo de
Anza, Juan Bautista de (Coronel)
Arce, Juan Antonio de (Capitan)
Alegre (Capitancillo Mescalero)
Asquiesiya (Capitancillo)
Aribechi
Anchondo, Aniseto (Vecino)
Aysose (Capitan Chiricagui)
Bencomo, Jose (Teniente de Milicias)
Bergara, Domingo (Capitan)
Vergara, Domingo (Alferez)
Barrios, Francisco
Bohorquez, Francisco (Alferez)
Bergara, Domingo (Comandante Interino)
Brena, Manuel Francisco de la (Capitan)
Borundo, Pantaleon (Vecino)
Batueca (Sierra)
Concha, Fernando de la (Gobernador)
Cordero, Antonio (Capitan)
Crespo, Francisco (Inspector)
Carrasco, Jose Manuel (Teniente)
Juan (Indio Chirigagui)
Cuno (?), Verde (Capitancillo)
Carlos (General Navajo)
Cabello, Domingo (Gobernador)
Elguerabal, Juan Bautista (Capitan)
Espinosa, Andres de (Alferez)
Espiritu (Indio Apache)
Echergaray, Manuel de (Capitan)
Fato, Joseph Maria (Alferez)
Farin, Nicolas (Sargento)
Herrera y Ribero, Vicente (Regente Capitan General)
Garrido y Duran, Pedro
Juarez, Juan (Teniente)
Jacupeto
Madrid, Pedro (Soldado)
Maynez, Alberto
Monterablanca (Capitancillo)
Mata Binolas, Pedro de (Teniente)
Maynez, Alberto (Teniente Gobernador)
Marrujo, Juan (Capitan)
Munoz (?) Pacheco, Rafael (Gobernador)
Narrujo, Juan (Capitan)
Olguin, Juan (Sarjento)
Ojos Colorados (Capitancillo Apache)
Onozato de Rivera, Juan (Alcalde Mayor)
Ochoa, Josef Manuel de (Teniente)
Pinto, Antonio de
Peru, Joaquin (Alferez)
Quemado (Capitancillo Mescalero)
Romero, Pablo (Capitan Interino)
Saenz, Rico Joseph (Capitan)
Sales Bohorguez, Francisco de (Alferez)
Saenz, Antonio (Vecion)
Salinas, Miguel
Tovar, Jose Maria (Capitan)
Taranco, Tomas (Vecino)
Taranco, Cayetano (Vecino)
Ugalde, Juan de (Coronel)
Vranga, Salvador de (Capitan)
Vigotes El Bermejo (Capitancillo)
Villaescusa, Pedro Sebastian (Teniente)
Yagonfli (Capitan)
Galvez, Conde de
Chiquito (Capitan)
Galinas, Miguel (Soldado)
Antel (Indio)
Merinoz, Manuel
Guizanotegui, Francisco
Places
Nuevo Mexico (Provincia)
San Buenaventura (Valle)
San Buenaventura (Presidio)
Nueva Vizcaya
Elceario (Presidio)
Santa Fe (Villa)
Moqui (Provincia)
Laguna (Pueblo)
Laguna (Rio)
Santo Domingo (Pueblo)
Pajarito (Poblacion)
Pajarito (Sierra)
Ysleta (Pueblo)
Puerco (Rio)
Alamo (Aguaje)
Quelites (Paraje)
Loma del Yeso (Paraje)
Zuni (Pueblo)
Zuni (Canon)
Zuni (Sierra)
Zuni (Ojo)
Acomas (Pueblo)
Sandia (Jurisdiccion)
Alburquerque
Canada (Jurisdiccion)
Gallina (Ojo)
Chihuahua (Villa)
Gallo (Ojo)
Ojo Caliente
Grullas (Paraje)
Gruollas (Ojo)
Colorado (Rio)
Noya (Rio)
Moqui (Mesa)
Moqui (Provincia)
San Francisco (Rio)
Carrizal (Presidio)
Sierra (Canon)
Sabinal
Paso (Pueblo)
San Carlos (Poblacion)
San Carlos (Presidio)
Napeste (Rio)
Santa Isabel (Paraje)
Texas (Provincia)
Mimbres (Sierra)
Blanca (Sierra)
Sonora (Provincia)
Gila (Rio)
Gila (Sierra)
Torreon (Hacienda)
Arados (Sierra)
Buenavista
Saliere (Paraje)
Noria (Paraje)
Vallecillo (Paraje)
Mapula (Sierra)
Janos
Janos (Presidio)
Carmen (Hacienda)
San Geronimo (Sierra)
San Geronimo
Norreno (Sierra)
Ormigas (Sierra)
Pino (Sierra)
Aguanueba (Sierra)
Terrenaste (Sierra)
Encinillas (Sierra)
Cosiguriachic (Real)
Arispe
Namiquipa
Pilar de Conchos
Guaxohuilla
Guajuguilla
Norte (Presidio)
Paso del Norte (Pueblo)
Temosachi (Pueblo)
Fresno (Canada)
Pena Blanca (Paraje)
Rio Florido (Hacienda)
Florido (Rio)
Florida (Sierra)
Buenavista (Hacienda)
Pelayo (Cueva)
San Miguel (Sierras)
Cathaluna
Cerrogrande
Guadalupe (Sierra)
Salinas (Sierra)
Socorro (Pueblo)
Coahuila (Provincia)
Patule (Rancheria)
Quemado (Rancheria)
Julimes (Pueblo)
Julimes (Presidio)
Julimes (Inmediacion)
Chizos (Paso)
San Vicente (Presidio)
Santa Rosa (Valle)
Santa Ritta (Hacienda)
San Josef
Ramada (Hacienda)
Sal (Sierra)
Erreras, Santa Cruz de (Hacienda)
San Esteban
Toro, Aijadero de la Mimbrera (Aguaje)
Horta, San Salvador de (Canon)
Banos (Hacienda)
Alegre (Rancheria)
Bolante (Rancheria)
Tebosadero (Sierra)
Barrigon (Sierra)
Gollega(?) (Sierra)
Sacramento (Sierra)
Nigotes (Rancheria)
Blanca (Montrera)
Tucson
Tucson (Presidio)
Santa Teresa (Sierra)
Opodepe
Carcag (Sierra)
Carcay (Sierra)
Alisos (Canada)
Pitaycach
Carretas
Carretas (Sierra)
Animas
Animas (Sierra)
Acha (Sierra)
Hacha (Sierra)
Picacho de las Mimbres
Picacho de las Mimbres (Sierra)
Mimbres (Sierra)
Cobre
Cobre (Sierra)
Santa Lucia
San Bernardino
Mulas (Puerto)
Conejos (Puerto)
Batuco (Pueblo)
Bacamuchi (Hacienda)
Bacanuchi
Chiganotje
Trinidad (Real)
Bacoachi
Fronteras (Presidio)
Bavispe (Presidio)
Bavispe
Tupson (Presidio)
Paic (Presidio)
Nombre de Dios
Babonoyaba
Santa Rosalia (Pueblito)
Sestin (Hacienda)
Tierra Blanca (Rancho)
San Juan del Rio (Alcaldia)
Iglesia (Rancheria)
Oro (Real)
Ynde, San Juan Bautista de (Real)
Ormigas (Sierra)
Ojo de los Nogales
Texas (Provincia)
Nacameri (Pueblo)
Cumpas (Pueblo)
Tepache (Pueblo)
Pibipa (Pueblo)
Guazabos (Pueblo)
Yecora (Inmediaciones)
Pimas (Playa)
Oho de la Cananea
Hueco (Cerro)
Ayre (Sierra)
Principe (Presidio)
Cerrogordo, San Carlos de (Presidio)
Cuesta Blanca (Paraje)
Astillero
Santa Barbara (Jurisdiccion)
San Diego (Valle)
Palotada (Arroyo)
Altar
Pitic
Temechuac (Cordillera)
Teseachi, San Pablo de Sierra Madre
Bachimba
Piojo
Napavechi
Copetes (Sierra)
San Borja (Cordillera)
Joya (Cordillera)
Carmona (Cueva)
Silla (Sierra)
Mapula (Sierra)
Casas Grandes
San Diego (Valle)
San Diego
San Miguel (Valle)
Cologachi
Bachiniba
San Lorenzo
Baricora
Coyotillos
San Pedro (Rio)
San Xavier (Rio)
Tero Rosillo
Quartel de Conchos
Capulin (Sierra)
Escondida (Sierra)
Niriz
Arados (Sierra)
Colorado (Cerro)
Metates (Sierra)
Terrenate (Creston)
Maxalca (Cordillera)
Burras (Canon)
Santa Eulalia (Real)
Santa Eulalia (Sierra)
Muerto
Santa Cruz (Sierra)
San Lucas
Tularillo
Barajas (Sierra)
Chiricahui
Satebo
Ethnic Groups
Salineros
Opatas
Gilenos Orientales
Natajees
Lipanes
Carancahuases
Simariones
Pimas
Cumanches
Comanches
Nabajos
Navajos
Mescaleros
Gilenos
Mimbrenos
Apaches Xicarillas
Apaches Gilenos
Cazadores
Jacales
Yutas
Mescaleros
Taraumares
Yaquis
Chiricaguis
Yamparicas
Military Groups
Santa Fe, Tropa de
San Elceario, Compania de
Janos, Primera Division de
Namiquipa, Segunda Compania Volante de
Guaxuguilla, Primera Compania Volante de
Pilar de Conchos, Tercera Compania Volante de
Corral de Piedras, destacamento de
Cathaluna, Compania de Voluntarios de
Paic, Partida del Tropa de
San Geronimo, Quarta Compania Volante de
Altar, Dotacion de
Tupson, Dotacion de
Pitic, Dotacion de
Buenavista, Dotacion de
Bacoachic, Compania de Pimas y Opatas
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 128 ff. 239-335 exp. 2, 3
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 128 ff. 239-335 exp. 2
Language
Spanish
Notes
Ff 274v-275, 313v-314 repeated once.
Reference Number
12800004
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Rengel
Flores
Ugarte y Loyola
Person Last Name
Rengel
Flores
Ugarte y Loyola
Borica
Diaz
Mares
Martinez
Martinez
Equeracapa
Delegado
Aramburu
Guerrero
Niera
Anza
Arce
Alegre
Asquiesiya
Aribechi
Anchondo
Aysose
Bencomo
Bergara
Vergara
Barrios
Bohorquez
Bergara
Brena
Borundo
Batueca
Concha
Cordero
Crespo
Carrasco
Juan
Cuno
Carlos
Cabello
Elguerabal
Espinosa
Espiritu
Echergaray
Fato
Farin
Herrera y Ribero
Garrido y Duran
Juarez
Jacupeto
Madrid
Maynez
Monterablanca
Mata Binolas
Maynez
Marrujo
Munoz Pacheco
Narrujolguinjos Coloradosnozato de Riverachoa
Pinto
Peru
Quemado
Romero
Saenz
Sales Bohorguez
Saenz
Salinas
Tovar
Taranco
Taranco
Ugalde
Vranga
Vigotes El Bermejo
Villaescusa
Yagonfli
Galvez
Chiquito
Galinas
Antel
Merinoz
Guizanotegui
Beginning Date Month
September
End Date Month
July
Beginning Date (repacked)
09-04-1787
End Date (repacked)
07-27-1788
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/7593
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Letter of introduction and diario of recent campaign (12/20/ 1771-02/18/1772) submitted to viceroy Bucareli

Serial Number
041-01671
Title
Letter of introduction and diario of recent campaign (12/20/ 1771-02/18/1772) submitted to viceroy Bucareli
Author(s)
O'conor, Hugo
Date
02-18-1772
Documentation
Chiguagua. February 18, 1772. 6p. Letter, diario. Original, signed.
Summary
Concerns O'Conor's campaign of late 1771; notes on enemy captured and killed; livestock recovered; reflections on nature of Indian wars; specific engagements; scouting operations; troop movements; enemy responses; notes on Indian settlement characteristics (houses and crops); transfer of presidio of Guajoquilla from first to second location (before 1771); this campaign was undertaken in Nueva Vizcaya (J. Williams, June 1987)
Persons
O'conor, Hugo
Bucareli y Ursua, Antonio (Virrey)
O, de la Jouchin (Alferez)
Villibarri, Luis
Bastamente
Sanchez, Mathias
Ronquillo, Antonio (Teniente)
Jaques, Thoribo (Padre)
Dias, Domingo (Teniente)
Places
Chiguagua (Villa)
San Andres (Mision)
Guajoquilla (Presidio)
Guajoquilla (Hacienda)(Ex-Presidio)(Presidio Viejo)
Palo Blanco
Parajesan Geronimo (Pueblo)
Dolores (Hacienda)
Julimes (Presidio)
Bachinua
Montoya (Canon)
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 069 ff. 434-437
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 069 ff. 434-437
Language
Spanish
Reference Number
6900025
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
O'conor
Bucareli y Ursua
O
Villibarri
Bastamente
Sanchez
Ronquillo
Jaques
Dias
Beginning Date Month
February
Beginning Date (repacked)
02-18-1772
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/6018
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
General Subjects
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Letter of governor Fayni to viceroy Bucareli and draft response

Serial Number
041-01095
Title
Letter of governor Fayni to viceroy Bucareli and draft response
Author(s)
Fayni, Josef
Bucareli y Ursua, Antonio Maria
Date
11-06-1773
Date
11-24-1773
Documentation
Mexico, Durango. November 6, 24, 1773. 6p. Letter, draft. Original, signed
Summary
Concerns Fayni's recent visit of inspection to frontier; he comments on conditions of militias and auxiliaries found at various towns, cities and haciendas; notes many isolated places; hardship of military service for frontiersmen; difficulty of reporting on operations; notes illiteracy of frontiersmen hombres rusticos que ni saben leer, ni son capazes de guardar semejante forma. (J. Williams, March 1987)
Persons
O'conor, Hugo (Comandante Inspector)
Fayni, Josef
Bucarlei y Ursua, Antonio Maria
Fayni, Joseph
Places
Nueva Vizcaya
Parras
Saltillo
Durango
Mexico
First Location
AZTM, AGN, Vol. 043 ff. 224-226
Original Location
AGN, Mexico City, Provincias Internas Vol. 043 ff. 224-226
Language
Spanish
Notes
Out of order
Reference Number
4300043
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Fayni
Bucareli y Ursua
Person Last Name
O'conor
Fayni
Bucarlei y Ursua
Fayni
Beginning Date Month
November
End Date Month
November
Beginning Date (repacked)
11-06-1773
End Date (repacked)
11-24-1773
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/5442
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
General Subjects
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.
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