Commerce

Fray Antonio de San Buenaventura Olivares al virrey. Brief description of Indians of Texas.

Serial Number
210-00019
Title
Fray Antonio de San Buenaventura Olivares al virrey. Brief description of Indians of Texas.
Author(s)
San Buenaventura Olivares, Antonio de (Fray)
Date
00-00-1716
Documentation
N.p. n.d. Copy.
Summary
Brief account of Indians of provincia of Texas, of whom the Spanish have encountered 50 naciones, noting- their dress; receptiveness to Spanish language/religion; presence of valuable minerals among them; absence of ydolatria formal although hechiceros, curanderos present; hunting activities especially buffalo; production of tanned deer hides which they trade to Spaniards; absence of drunkenness among them, which Olivares notes may be due to fact that no hay Magueyes en abundancia, o porque ygnoran el modo de cultivarlos (pg.119); dances to celebrate ware victories, which often cause trouble among them; ceremonial use of Peyote que usan Por bebida del Peiotte y de otras yerbas que suelen causas turbacion en los sentidos de que procede el vervisiones, y fantasmas (pg. 119). (T. Sheridan) (1977)
Persons
San Buenaventura Olivares, Antonio de (Fray)
Places
Texas (Provincia, Also Called Asinay)
Ethnic Groups
Texas
First Location
TXU, Tex. Hist. Ctr. Arch. S. Fran. El grande 2q248 835 v. 008 pp. 117-120
Original Location
BNM, Mexico, Arch. S. Fran. El Grande
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
4798
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
San Buenaventura Olivares
Beginning Date (repacked)
1716
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/15939
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
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Fray Damian Masanett. Masanett's diario of trip from San Salvador mission to mission San Francisco de los Texas; related documents.

Serial Number
210-00008
Title
Fray Damian Masanett. Masanett's diario of trip from San Salvador mission to mission San Francisco de los Texas; related documents.
Author(s)
Masanett, Damian (Fray)
Date
08-20-1691
Documentation
San Francisco de los Texas. August 20, 1691. Peticion. Copy.
Summary
Franciscans request at least 10 soldiers be sent to Bahia del Espiritu Santo, noting that Indians in area enemies of Europeans, and had killed French, English, Spanish and Dutch without ever being punished (7/19/1691). Military officials discuss whether expedition should press on to territory of Texas Indians or remain at Bahia (7/21/1691). Franciscan diario of trip from San Salvador mission in Coahuila to mission San Francisco de los Texas (5/16-8/20, 1691), noting- encounter with Indian groups- Mescales, Yoricas, Chomes, Machomes, Parachacas, Pamanes- living between Rio Grande, Rio Sabinos, all of who rely on buffalo, wild food gathering, none of whom hunt; difficulties traveling with livestock- cattle, goats, sheep- because of rivers in flood, poor pasturage, etc; Flora, fauna, geography, often giving Indian names for places; resources of Rio Nueces area, including many walnuts, buffalo, fish; arrival Indians, many different naciones to trade for tobacco, knives, rosaries, etc. (See 201); visit to Rancheria of payay Indians, nacion Muy grande, choma, Cibola, caynaaya Indians live along Rio Grande and are enemies of Apaches, who fight everyone except Salineros, Apaches described mui-Guerreros who fight with armed horses; chomas described as yndios que en el parraly y Nueva Mexico llaman jumanes, who hunt buffalo from source of Rio Guadalupe to land of Texas during warm time of year, returning to riverine homes during winter; arrival of ships from Veracruz at Espiritu Santo; friendly greeting by Texas Indians, who mourned death of one missionary, many others from unnamed enfermedad. Excellent information on Indians of southern, central, eastern Texas. (T. Sheridan) (1977)
Persons
Teran de los Rios, Domingo de (Gobernador de Texas)
Martinez, Francisco (Capitan)
Masanett, Damian (Fray) (OFM)
Places
Espiritu Santo (Bahia)
San Salvador del Valle de Santiago (Coahuila Mision)
San Francisco de los Texas (Mision)
Coahuila (Provincia)
Sabinos (Rio)
Nueces (Rio)
Espiritu Santo (Bahia)
Ethnic Groups
Franceses
Ingleses
Holandeses
Texas
Mescales
Yoricas
Chomes
Machomes
Pamanes
Quemos
Pacpules
Ocanas
Chaguanes
Pactaluces
Paaces
Sanpanales
Patchales
Papanacas
Carchiquis
Paquachiames
Aguapalamas
Samampaces
Vanas
Payabanes
Patavos
Putahays
Patsaus
Payayes
Chumans
Cauguecas
Cantonas
Cabas
Sanas
Tojos
Toaas
Cholomes
Cibolas
Caynaayas
Apaches
Salineros
Jumanes
Muruames
Parchacas
Apaycis
First Location
TXU, Tex. Hist. Ctr. Arch. S. Fran. El grande 2q248 835 v. 010 pp. 047-080
Original Location
BNM, Mexico, Arch. S. Fran. El Grande
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
4657
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Teran de los Rios
Martinez
Masanett
Beginning Date Month
August
Beginning Date (repacked)
08-20-1691
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/15928
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
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Alonso de Leon. Diario of Alonso de Leon entrada to Bahia del Espiritu Santo, March 23-May 13, 1689.

Serial Number
210-00007
Title
Alonso de Leon. Diario of Alonso de Leon entrada to Bahia del Espiritu Santo, March 23-May 13, 1689.
Author(s)
Leon, Alonso de
Date
05-13-1689
Documentation
Presidio de Coahuila. May 13, 1689. Photostat of copy.
Summary
Diary of Leon's expedition to Bahia del Espiritu Santo from Coahuila. Accompanied by French prisoner with many contacts among Indians, Spaniards- encounter gathering of Indians of 5 naciones - Hapes, Jumenes, xiabu, Mescales, y otra- living in casilla cuvierta de Cueros de cibola- who hang heads of enemies from poles in front of their dwellings; note petroglyphs; journey thru great stretches of Mesquite, Nopales so thick at times they have to dismount; describe Flora, fauna, especially trees, commenting on great numbers, good quality of native walnuts, and buffalo; hear of 4 French traders operating among Indians, trading knives, tobacco for buffalo hides which they transported on dogs; lose over 100 horses in stampede, of which all but 36 recovered; reach French settlement and find it destroyed by Indians- books, bones, broken arcabuces scattered thru wreckage, explore Rio San Marcos; told by Indians that French community at Espiritu Santo suffered epidemic of smallpox (viruelas) which killed more than 100, then were tricked by Indians who came from far away under pretext of desire to trade and killed French in their homes; encounter Texas Indians, some of whom accompany Spaniards back to Coahuila presidio. (T. Sheridan) (1977)
Persons
Leon, Alonso de (Gobernador de Coahuila)
Masanett, Damian (Fray) (OFM, Capellan of Expedition)
Martinez, Francisco (Alferez)
Places
Coahuila (Provincia)
Hondo (Rio)
San Marcos (Rio)
Guadalupe (Rio)
Coahuila (Presidio)
Espiritu Santo (Bahia)
Ethnic Groups
Franceses
Hapes
Jumenes
Xiabus
Mescales
Texas
First Location
TXU, Tex. Hist. Ctr. Arch. S. Fran. El grande 2q248 835 v. 009 pp. 041-057
Original Location
BNM, Mexico, Arch. S. Fran. El Grande
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
4651
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Leon
Masanett
Martinez
Beginning Date Month
May
Beginning Date (repacked)
05-13-1689
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/15927
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Alonso de Leon. Derrotero del viaje que hizo el general Alonso de Leon a la provincia de Coahuila del 9 de abril al 11 de junio de 1690.

Serial Number
210-00002
Title
Alonso de Leon. Derrotero del viaje que hizo el general Alonso de Leon a la provincia de Coahuila del 9 de abril al 11 de junio de 1690.
Author(s)
Leon, Alonso de
Date
S -(P-N.D.
Documentation
N.p. n.d. Photostat of copy.
Summary
Alonso de Leon's account of his entrada into provincia of Texas and his encounters with Texas Indians, who received him well. Briefly describes Texas agriculture and other aspects of culture, including wooden houses, raised beds, and cleanliness of Indians. Encounters Indians in league with French who attenpt to induce him to trade all his horses, clothing to them. (T. Sheridan) (1977)
Persons
Benavides, Francisco de (Capitan)
Leon, Alonso de (Gobernador de Coahuila)
Places
Nueces (Rio)
Guadalupe (Rio)
Medina (Rio)
Espiritu Santo (Bahia)
San Marcos (Rio)
San Francisco de los Texas (Pueblo)
San Sebastian (Valle)
Santissima Trinidad (Rio)
Texas (Provincia)
Ethnic Groups
Franceses
Texas
First Location
TXU, Tex. Hist. Ctr. Arch. S. Fran. El grande 2q248 835 v. 009 pp. 027-041
Original Location
BNM, Mexico, Arch. S. Fran. El Grande
Language
Spanish
Notes
Incomplete- beginning missing
Batch Reference Number
4650
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Benavides
Leon
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/15922
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
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Miguel Costanso to viceroy Marques de Branciforte.

Serial Number
190-00012
Title
Miguel Costanso to viceroy Marques de Branciforte.
Author(s)
Costanso, Miguel
Date
10-17-1794
Documentation
Mexico. October 17, 1794. 18p. Informe.
Summary
This informe outlines the reasons for and steps that should be initiated to fortify the Alta California coast in response to expected encroachments from the russians and British. Three general proposals are at the heart of the letter, beef up defenses at San Diego, Monterrey and San Francisco; encourage, immigration; and have Monterrey the initial stop for the Manila trade rather than Acapulco. (G. Miller) (1977)
Persons
Sanchez, Pablo (Brigadier)
Colner, (Capitan)
Martinez, Jose (Piloto)
Almodovar, Duque de
Fages, Pedro
Costanso, Miguel
Branciforte, Marques de
Places
Puerto de San Diego
Santa Barbara
Monterrey
Puerto de San Francisco
Puerto de Nutka
San Blas
Acapulco
First Location
Bibl. Nac., Madrid. Ms. 19266 fol. 0175
Original Location
BNE, Madrid, Ms. 19266 ff. 0175
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
4773
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Sanchez
Colner
Martinez
Almodovar
Fages
Costanso
Branciforte
Beginning Date Month
October
Beginning Date (repacked)
10-17-1794
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/15917
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
General Subjects
Rights
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Descripcion de las particularidados de la poblazion del passo del Rio del norte.

Serial Number
180-00014
Title
Descripcion de las particularidados de la poblazion del passo del Rio del norte.
Date
09-01-1773
Documentation
El Paso del Rio del Norte. September 1, 1773. 5p. Informe. Transcription.
Summary
Description of El Paso by an unnamed citizen. Gives location via coordinants and landmarks. Lists missions and Indians (Mansos now extinct; Indians and Spanish mixed in their habitation). Detailed description of irrigation. Very detailed description of agriculture (including types and quality of crops). Population statistics. Commerce. Exchange Rate (silver to pesos). Scarcity of Ganado mayor and mayor; abundance of fish (described in detail). Lists diesmos. (R. Perez) (1977)
Places
El Paso del Rio del Norte
Las Minas (Cerro)
Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe (Mision)
San Jose del Paso (Mision)
San Lorenzo El Real (Mision)
Senecu (Mision)
La Ysleta (Mision)
El Socorro (Mision)
Nuevo Mexico
Ethnic Groups
Mansos
Piros
Pimas
Sumas
Genizaros
Comanches
Apaches
First Location
CU-BANC. C-B 840 (Bolton Col.) no. 0231
Original Location
BN, Mexico, Leg. 0053
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
4367
UAIR Filtering Fields
Beginning Date Month
September
Beginning Date (repacked)
09-01-1773
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/15904
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
To request a scan or copy of the document please contact the original or first location repository; if a citation reads “AZU Film” please submit the citation to LBRY-askddt@email.arizona.edu.

Fr. Francis Xavier de Faria to viceroy of New Spain. Jesuit apologetica, Sonora and Sinaloa .

Serial Number
160-00001
Title
Fr. Francis Xavier de Faria to viceroy of New Spain. Jesuit apologetica, Sonora and Sinaloa .
Author(s)
Faria, Francis Xavier de (S.J.)
Date
11-00-1657
Documentation
November 1657. Copy.
Summary
Jesuit defense against charges by presidial captains that they accumulated great Sotres grain/livestock, engaged in lucrative trade, built palaces, lived in luxury. Jesuit attack on presidial captains for abusing Indian labor, cheating own soldiers, failing to perform military duties, showing disrespect for missionaries/religion. High praise for captains Hurdaide, Borgansa Quesada. Condemnation present captain. Account civil/religious conflict Sinaloa-Sonora. Brief description agriculture, barter/exchange rates, Jesuit livestock industry, Jesuit commerce with Parral, wild food gathering (acorns, chestnuts, Quelites), Mescal making, mission architecture, settlement patterns, Indian depopulation at hands of Spaniards, Indian migration to mines/ranches outside province. Defense corporal punishment Indians. Religious/economic reasons for reduction program. Description Jesuit generosity to Indians/Spaniards during famines. Reasons why Indians should support missionaries without monetary payment. Description sad state presidial forces-untrained, cheated by captains. Abuses Sinaloa judicial system. (T. Sheridan) (1976)
Persons
Faria, Francis Xavier de (Padre)
Hurdaide, Diego de (Capitan)
Borgansa, Diego de (Capitan)
Quesada, Gaspar de (Capitan)
Places
San Felipe y Santiago
Montesclaros
Rahum
Potam
Sinaloa (Rio)
Parral
First Location
CU-BANC. C-B 840 (Bolton Col.) no. 0269 pp. Transl.
Original Location
BH, Munich.
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
2431
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Faria
Hurdaide
Borgansa
Quesada
Beginning Date (repacked)
1657
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/15888
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
Rights
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Francisco Palou. Carta sobre la exploracion de la costa de California.

Serial Number
150-00005
Title
Francisco Palou. Carta sobre la exploracion de la costa de California.
Author(s)
Palou, Francisco
Crespi, Juan
Date
09-06-1774
Documentation
San Carlos de monte rey. September 6, 1774. 15pp. Cpy. Photo.
Summary
Document is a copy of a letter by fr. Francisco Palou which contains excerpts from fr. Juan Crespi's diary of an expedition to the northern coasts. He speaks contact with natives who approach the boat. Description centers on stature and clothing of the natives, their activities around the Spanish ship, and the materials they brought for trading, and wished in return. They gave mostly wooden material and were primarily interested in large iron implements in exchange. (C. Briggs) (1975)
Persons
Pena, Thomas de la
Bucareli y Ursua, Antonio Maria (Virrey)
Perez, Juan
Palou, Francisco
Crespi, Juan
Places
San Carlos de Monte Rey (Puerto de)
First Location
CU-BANC. C-B 840 (Bolton Col.) no. 0068
Original Location
ASB, Santa Barbara, California.
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
1534
UAIR Filtering Fields
Author Last Name
Palou
Crespi
Person Last Name
Pena
Bucareli y Ursua
Perez
Palou
Crespi
Beginning Date Month
September
Beginning Date (repacked)
09-06-1774
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/15887
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
General Subjects
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Josef de Galvez. Carta sobre condiciones de los indios de las misiones de California.

Serial Number
150-00003
Title
Josef de Galvez. Carta sobre condiciones de los indios de las misiones de California.
Author(s)
Galvez, Josef de
Date
11-19-1768
Documentation
Puerto de la Paz. November 19, 1768. Cpy. Sgnd. Photo.
Summary
Tells of the practice of the missionaries on the peninsula (California), where ^the few grains and fruits that the missions produce^ are sold for gold and silver at the expense of the already poorly fed and clothed Indians employed by them, deploring such action. (C. Briggs) (1975)
Persons
Galvez, Josef de
Places
La Paz
Real Casa de Moneda
First Location
CU-BANC. C-B 840 (Bolton Col.) no. 0067
Original Location
ASB, Santa Barbara, California.
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
1530
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Galvez
Beginning Date Month
November
Beginning Date (repacked)
11-19-1768
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/15885
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
General Subjects
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Jose Bacilio Gutierrez regidor. Cuenta de compra de maiz.

Serial Number
100-02076
Title
Jose Bacilio Gutierrez regidor. Cuenta de compra de maiz.
Author(s)
Gutierrez, Jose Bacilio (Regidor)
Date
02-01-1819
Documentation
San Joseph del Parral. February 1, 1819. Original. Signed.
Summary
A somewhat different way of accounting- Guiterrez apparently went out of Parral to buy maiz rather than having it brought to him. Given are about three pages of names and the quantity and value of maiz Gutierrez bought from them. (P. Hayes) (1977)
Persons
Gutierrez, Jose Bacilio (Regidor)
Places
Santa Rosalia
San Pablo Tulimes
Chihuagua
First Location
AZU Film 0318 rl. 1818 fr. 0004-0015.
Original Location
AP, Parral, Mf. rl. 1818 fr. 0004-0015
Language
Spanish
Batch Reference Number
4170
UAIR Filtering Fields
Person Last Name
Gutierrez
Beginning Date Month
February
Beginning Date (repacked)
02-01-1819
Type
Text
UAiR identifier
uadc://masterindex/15859
ISO 369-1 Language code
es
ISO 369-3 Language code
spa
Collections
General Subjects
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